Dichorisandrinae

Overview

The Dichorisandrinae is a subtribe within the tribe Tradescantieae of the flowering plant family Commelinaceae. It consists of 5 genera and ca. 51 species.

The subtribe represents a diverse assemblage native to tropical South America and a contiguous portion of Central America. Not only is this subtribe remarkable for the range of morphological and ecological variation within it, but it also includes species that represent novel exceptions to the terrestrial habit, longitudinally-dehiscent anthers, and/or exarillate seeds typical of the family. Exceptional taxa include Dichorisandra, characterized by the unusual combination of a vining habit, poricidal anthers, and arillate seeds. Cochliostema is atypical in having an epiphytic habit and flowers with spirally-coiled anthers concealed in petaloid extensions of the filament. Geogenanthus is distinguished by a particular 6-celled stomatal complex and basal axillary inflorescences. Plowmanianthus consists of prostrate herbs shallowly rooted in the leaf-litter layer of rainforest floors, and most Plowmanianthus species's flowers are primarily cleistogamous.

Included Genera

Faden & Hunt's (1991) formal circumscription of the subtribe did not yet include Plowmanianthus, which was then undescribed and poorly understood. Hardy & Faden (2004) later added the newly described Plowmanianthus. Members are perennial, primarily understory, herbaceous taxa united on the basis of chromosome morphology (generally large), a shared base chromosome number (x = 19), and a biseriate arrangement of seeds in each locule (2 longitudinal files of seeds in each locule), although the seeds are uniseriate in Plowmanianthus.


References

  • Faden RB, DR Hunt (1991) The classification of the Commelinaceae. Taxon 40: 19-31.
  • Hardy CR, RB Faden (2004) Plowmanianthus, a new genus of Commelinaceae with five new species from tropical America. Systematic Botany 29 (2): 316-333.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cochliostema — odoratissimum Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Plowmanianthus — taxobox name = Plowmanianthus regnum = Plantae unranked divisio = Angiosperms unranked classis = Monocots unranked ordo = Commelinids ordo = Commelinales familia = Commelinaceae genus = Plowmanianthus subdivision ranks = species subdivision = *… …   Wikipedia

  • Commelinagewächse — Duftender Schneckenfaden (Cochliostema odoratissimum) Systematik Unterabteilung: Samenpflanzen (Spermatophytina) …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.