Dia (island)


Dia (island)
Dia
Δία
The island of Dia
The island of Dia
Geography
Coordinates: 35°26′52″N 25°13′11″E / 35.44778°N 25.21972°E / 35.44778; 25.21972
Island chain: Cretan Islands
Area: 11.909 km² (5 sq.mi.)
Government
Greece Greece
Periphery: Crete
Prefecture: Heraklion Prefecture
Capital: Heraklion
Statistics
Population: 2 (as of 2001)
Density: 0 /km² (0 /sq.mi.)


Dia (Greek: Δία), also pronounced locally as Ntia (Greek: Ντία), is an island off the northern coast of the Greek island of Crete. The island is approximately 7 nautical miles north of Heraklion. Dia is administered from Gouves in Heraklion, by the municipality of Elias.

Contents

Islet morphology

The islet looks like a giant lizard when viewed from the city of Heraklion. There is also a legend that a giant lizard tried to destroy the island of Crete, but Zeus turned it in to stone with a thunderbolt, thus creating the island.

Mythology

The island is visible from Crete's capital city of Heraklion, as it would have been in the time of the Minoan kingdom, from the capital of Knossos. Because of this, it was sometimes identified as the island that Theseus escaped to after killing the Minotaur.

Environmentally protected

On Dia there are a number of protected creatures including: the snail Albinaria retusa, the lizard Pdarcis erchardii schiebeli, the wild rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus cnossius, and the eagle called mavropetritis (in the Greek language).[1] Dia is part of the European Network of Nature (Natura) 2000 and is a vetted hunting ground.[2] There are also a number of protected plants such as Carlina diae.

Ancient port

In 1976, Jacques Cousteau carried out underwater exploration around Dia and found the remains of an ancient port in the waters between Heraklion and Dia.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ O μαυροπετρίτης στη Δία της Κρήτης Greek Ornithological Organisation (Greek)
  2. ^ Δίκτυο Natura 2000 Protected areas
  3. ^ Greekislands.com French Rear Admiral's ship "La Therese" (1669)

Coordinates: 35°26′52″N 25°13′11″E / 35.44778°N 25.21972°E / 35.44778; 25.21972


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