Sigmund Freud Archives

The Sigmund Freud Archives mainly consist of a trove of documents housed at the US Library of Congress [ [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/service/mss/eadxmlmss/eadpdfmss/2004/ms004017.pdf Sigmund Freud A Register of His Papers in the Sigmund Freud Collection in the Library of Congress] Latest revision: 2006 November] and in the former residence of Sigmund Freud during the last year of his life at 20 Maresfield Gardens in northwest London. They were at the center of a complicated scandal which is described in Janet Malcolm's book "In the Freud Archives." Jeffrey Masson writes about it in Chapter Nine "Disillusions" of his book "Final Analysis".

After World War II Dr. Kurt Eissler (1909-1999) and a small group of psychoanalysts who knew Sigmund Freud personally, including Heinz Hartmann, Ernst Kris, Bertram Lewin and Herman Nunberg, decided to preserve Freud's letters and papers in a single archive. The Library of Congress, Dr. Eissler wrote, agreed in a legal "instrument" "to accept as a donation all documents collected by the Archives, and to make them accessible to scholars." By the 1980s Dr. Eissler, with the help of Anna Freud, had collected thousands of tapes, letters and papers for that archive. (An exhibition of parts of the collection was held at the Library of Congress last year and will be at the Jewish Museum this year.) [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B0CEFDB143DF933A15751C0A96F958260 Kurt Eissler, 90, Director Of Sigmund Freud Archives] by SARAH BOXER, published: February 20, 1999 in New York Times]

The Archives were founded in 1951 by Dr. Eissler and directed by him for decades. Dr. Eissler prevented many well-meaning scholars from seeing many Freud doucments claiming confidentiality, even when their donors had not requested nor demanded that confidentiality, nor was anyone a potential victim of the revelation of those documents. In 1974 the 65-year-old Dr. Eissler met Dr. Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson (born 1941), a 33-year-old Sanskrit scholar and psychoanalyst, at a meeting of the American Psychoanalytic Association. Eissler took a liking to Masson, appointed him his secretary, and meant to make him his successor at the Archives. Being an officer of the Sigmund Freud Archives Masson had 'administrative access' to all documents in the Archives, he was allowed to see anything he wanted breaking the seal whenever necessary. In 1981 Dr. Masson, who was then the Projects Director of the Archives, delivered a paper to the Western New England Psychoanalytic Society in New Haven, Connecticut. Dr. Masson said that Freud had abandoned his "seduction theory" -- the idea that adult neurosis is caused by childhood sexual abuse -- for personal rather than scientific reasons. By dropping the seduction theory, Dr. Masson concluded, "Freud began a trend away from the real world that, it seems to me, has come to a dead halt in the present-day sterility of psychoanalysis throughout the world." Dr. Eissler was deeply shocked ("Just today Masud Khan called me from London and asked me to dismiss you from the Archives. The board members, all of them, or at least most of them, are asking for the same.") [Eissler to Masson, P. 194 of "Final Analysis"] and sought to dismiss Dr. Masson from his job at the Archives, which led to bilateral legal action and a well-publicized scandal.

Masson was subsequently dismissed from his position as project director of the Freud Archives after a vote by the 13-member board of the Freud Archives - a nonprofit foundation controlling the vast public and private papers of Freud - not to renew Dr. Masson's contract as projects director for a second year starting in January. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?sec=health&res=9400E3DA1E39F93AA35752C1A967948260 "Freud Archives Research Chief Removed in Dispute Over Yale Talk"] by Ralph Blumenthal, "New York Times" November 9, 1981]

The current director of the Archives is Dr. Harold P. Blum, a well-known psychoanalyst and scholar [ [http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/questionofgod/bio/blum.html Photo] ] . Dr. Harold P. Blum succeeded Dr. Masson and Dr. Eissler as Executive Director of The Sigmund Freud Archives. The other current officers of The Sigmund Freud Archives are: Drs. Alexander Grinstein, President; Bernard L. Pacella, Secretary/Treasurer; and Sidney S. Furst.

Literature

*Janet Malcolm: "In the Freud Archives", New York, Knopf, 1984, ISBN 0394538692. Paperback edition, New York, Vintage Books, 1985, ISBN 0394729226. British edition, London, Papermac, 1997, ISBN 0333644719. New edition, with an afterword by the author, New York, New York Review Books, 2002, ISBN 159017027X.
* Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson: "The assault on truth : Freud’s suppression of the seduction theory". New York, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1984, ISBN 0374106428.
*Sarah Boxer: Kurt Eissler, 90, Director Of Sigmund Freud Archives. "The New York Times", Obituary, February 20, 1999.
*Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson: "Final Analysis: The Making and Unmaking of A Psychoanalyst." Reading, Massachusetts, Addison-Wesley, 1990, ISBN 020152368X. Paperback edition, New York, Ballantine Books, 2003, ISBN 034545278X, GTIN 9780345452788.

ee also

*Kurt Eissler
*Janet Malcolm
*Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson
*Peter Swales (historian)

References

External links

* [http://www.freudarchives.org/ Website of the Sigmund Freud Archives, Inc.]
* [http://www.freud.org.uk/ FREUD MUSEUM London]
* [http://www.britac.ac.uk/portal/resource.asp?ResourceID=481 Sigmund Freud and the Freud Archives] The British Academy PORTAL
* [http://users.rcn.com/brill/sfa_loc.html The Sigmund Freud archive and the Freud exhibit at the Library of Congress]
* [http://users.rcn.com/brill/swales.html Letter to the Library of Congress concerning the SFA] dated July 31, 1995Research
* [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/faidfrquery/r?faid/faidfr:@field(SOURCE+@band(freud+sigmund+48,000)) Library of Congress]
* [http://www.freud.org.uk/fmrese.htm Archive Catalogue of the Freud Museum London]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sigmund Freud — Freud redirects here. For other uses, see Freud (disambiguation). Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud, by Max Halberstadt, 1921 …   Wikipedia

  • Sigmund Freud — (* 6. Mai 1856 in Freiberg, Mähren damals Kaisertum Österreich, tschechisch Příbor; † 23. September 1939 in London), ursprünglich Sigismund Schlomo Freud, war ein bedeutender österreichischer Arzt, Tiefenpsychologe und Religionskritiker, der als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sigmund Freud — « Freud » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Freud (homonymie). Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud par Max …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sigmund Freud (biographie) — Biographie de Sigmund Freud Pour les articles homonymes, voir Freud (homonymie). Sigismund Schlomo Freud …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Biographie de Sigmund Freud — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Freud (homonymie). Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud photographié par Ludwig Grillich, autour …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Freud, Sigmund — born May 6, 1856, Freiberg, Moravia, Austrian Empire died Sept. 23, 1939, London, Eng. Austrian neuropsychologist, founder of psychoanalysis, and one of the major intellectual figures of the 20th century. Trained in Vienna as a neurologist, Freud …   Universalium

  • Sigismund Freud — Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud (* 6. Mai 1856 in Freiberg, Mähren, tschechisch Příbor; † 23. September 1939 in London), ursprünglich Sigismund Schlomo Freud, war ein bedeutender österreichischer Arzt und Tiefenpsychologe, der als Begründer der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sigismund Schlomo Freud — Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud (* 6. Mai 1856 in Freiberg, Mähren, tschechisch Příbor; † 23. September 1939 in London), ursprünglich Sigismund Schlomo Freud, war ein bedeutender österreichischer Arzt und Tiefenpsychologe, der als Begründer der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • OPUS Archives and Research Center — OPUS Archives and Research Center[1][2][3][4] holds the archival collections of scholars in the fields of mythology, depth psychology and archetypal psychology. The archival collections housed at OPUS include: Joseph Campbell, Marija Gimbutas,… …   Wikipedia

  • Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson — Dr. Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson (born March 28, 1941 as Jeffrey Lloyd Masson in Chicago, Illinois) is an American author, residing in New Zealand. Masson is best known for his conclusions about Sigmund Freud and psychoanalysis. In his book The… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.