Doubs


Doubs
Doubs
—  Department  —

Coat of arms
Location of Doubs in France
Coordinates: 47°10′N 06°25′E / 47.167°N 6.417°E / 47.167; 6.417Coordinates: 47°10′N 06°25′E / 47.167°N 6.417°E / 47.167; 6.417
Country France
Region Franche-Comté
Prefecture Besançon
Subprefectures Montbéliard
Pontarlier
Government
 – President of the General Council Claude Jeannerot (PS)
Area1
 – Total 5,234 km2 (2,020.9 sq mi)
Population (1999)
 – Total 499,062
 – Rank 51st
 – Density 95.4/km2 (247/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 25
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 35
Communes 594
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Doubs (Arpitan: Dubs) is a department the Franche-Comté region of eastern France named after the Doubs River. Its pronunciation is [du] (the last two letters are silent).

Contents

History

As early as the 13th century, inhabitants of the northern two-thirds of Doubs spoke the Franc-Comtois language, a dialect of Langue d'Oïl. Residents of the southern third of Doubs spoke a dialect of the Arpitan language. Both languages co-existed with French, the official language of law and commerce, and continued to be spoken frequently in rural areas into the 20th century. They are both still spoken today but not on a daily basis.

Doubs was important as a portal to Switzerland through the pass at Joux. Many famous people, including Mirabeau, Toussaint Louverture and Heinrich von Kleist, were imprisoned in the Château de Joux.

Doubs is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Franche-Comté. The prefecture (capital) is Besançon.

In 1793, the republic of Mandeure was annexed by France and incorporated into the department. This district was passed between various territories and departments in the ensuing administrative reorganisations and wars, but was restored to Doubs in 1816 when the former principality of Montbéliard was also added to the department.

However, the commune of Cerneux-Péquignot was annexed by the Canton of Neuchâtel under the terms of the 1814 Treaty of Paris, and since remained Swiss territory.

Between the defeat of France at the Battle of Waterloo and November 1818, Doubs was included in the area occupied by Austrian troops.

Victor Hugo, Gustave Courbet, and Auguste and Louis Lumière are among the famous people born in Doubs.

Geography

Doubs is part of the current region of Franche-Comté and is surrounded by the French departments of Jura, Haute-Saône, and Territoire de Belfort, and the Swiss cantons of Vaud, Neuchâtel, and Jura.

The department is dominated by the Jura mountains, which rise east of Besançon.

Politics

The President of the General Council is Claude Jeannerot of the Socialist Party.

Party seats
Socialist Party 16
Union for a Popular Movement 13
Miscellaneous Left 3
Miscellaneous Right 2
MoDem 1
The Greens 1

Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are called Doubistes.

Economy

The Doubs department is at the same time the greenest and the most industrialized in France.

It is the birth place of the automotive manufacturer Peugeot.

Tourism

The castle of Joux and Besançon are important tourist destinations.

See also

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Doubs — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Doubs …   Wikipedia Español

  • Doubs — steht für: Doubs (Fluss), schweizerisch französischer Fluss Doubs (Département), französisches Département Doubs (Doubs), französische Gemeinde im Département Doubs Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Doubs —   [du],    1) der, größter Nebenfluss der Saône, Ostfrankreich und Schweiz, 430 km lang, entspringt bei Mouthe (Karstquelle), am Fuß des Noirmont im französischen Jura, bildet im Verlauf den Lac des Brenets, den Wasserfall Sant du Doubs, die… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Doubs — (spr. Dubb, Doux), 1) Fluß in Frankreich; entspringt am Berge Risson (des Juragebirges), verbirgt sich bei Arçon, kommt wieder bei Remonot zum Vorschein, fällt 84 Fuß bei Morteau, bildet die Seen St. Point u. Brenets, geht durch den Canton Basel …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Doubs [1] — Doubs (spr. dū), ein zum System der Rhone gehörender Fluß im östlichen Frankreich, entspringt im Jura (in 937 m Meereshöhe) bei Mouthe, durchströmt den See von St. Point, passiert Pontarlier (830 m ü. M.) und Morteau, betritt mit dem Lac des… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Doubs [2] — Doubs (spr. dū), Depart. in Ostfrankreich, nach dem gleichnamigen Fluß benannt, besteht aus einem Teil der Franche Comté und der ganzen Grafschaft Mömpelgard (Montbéliard), grenzt im O. und SO. an die Schweiz, im SW. an das Depart. Jura, im NW.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Doubs — (spr. du), r. Nebenfluß der Saône in Frankreich, entspringt im Schweizer Jura (auf franz. Gebiet), bildet an der schweiz. Grenze den Wasserfall Saut du D., mündet nach 430 km bei Verdun. – Das Dep. D., 5260 qkm, (1901) 298.864 E.; Hauptstadt… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Doubs — (frz. Duhb), bei den Alten Dubis, franz. Fluß, entspringt am Rixon im Jura, bildet einige kleinere Seen, macht auf eine kurze Strecke die Gränze gegen den Kanton Neuenburg, dann einen Bogen in den Kanton Bern, fließt endlich in südwestl. Richtung …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Doubs — (le) riv. de France (430 km); naît dans le haut Jura et se jette dans la Saône (r. g.). Dép.: 5 228 km²; 484 770 hab.; ch. l. Besançon. V. Franche Comté (Rég.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Doubs — [do͞o] river in E France, flowing from the Jura Mountains generally southwest into the Saône: c. 270 mi (435 km) …   English World dictionary


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