Alveolar process

Bone: Alveolar process
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Left maxilla. Outer surface. (Alveolar process visible at bottom.)
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Cartilages of the nose, seen from below. (Alveolar process of maxilla visible at bottom.
Latin processus alveolaris
Gray's subject #38 161

The alveolar process is the thickened ridge of bone that contains the tooth sockets on bones that bear teeth. It is also referred to as the alveolar bone. In humans, the tooth-bearing bones are the maxilla and the mandible. The mineral content of alveolar bone is mostly hydroxyapatite, which is also found in enamel as the main inorganic substance.

On the maxilla, the alveolar process is a ridge on the inferior surface, and on the mandible it is a ridge on the superior surface. It makes up the thickest part of the maxilla.

The alveolar process contains a region of compact bone adjacent to the periodontal ligament called lamina dura. It is this part which is attached to the cementum of the roots by the periodontal ligament.

The buccinator muscle attaches to the alveolar processes of both the maxilla and mandible.

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Ross theboss


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • alveolar process — n the bony ridge or raised thickened border on each side of the upper or lower jaw that contains the sockets of the teeth called also alveolar ridge * * * the portion of bone in either the maxilla or the mandible that surrounds and supports the… …   Medical dictionary

  • alveolar process — noun a ridge that forms the borders of the upper and lower jaws and contains the sockets of the teeth • Syn: ↑alveolar ridge, ↑gum ridge • Hypernyms: ↑process, ↑outgrowth, ↑appendage • Part Holonyms: ↑j …   Useful english dictionary

  • Alveolar process of maxilla — Infobox Bone Name = Alveolar process Latin = processus alveolaris maxillae GraySubject = 38 GrayPage = 161 Caption = Left maxilla. Outer surface. (Alveolar process visible at bottom.) Caption2 = Cartilages of the nose, seen from below. (Alveolar… …   Wikipedia

  • alveolar arch — n the arch of the upper or lower jaw formed by the alveolar processes * * * an arch formed by the ridge of the alveolar process of the mandible or maxilla; see arcus alveolaris mandibulae and arcus alveolaris maxillae …   Medical dictionary

  • process — process1 [prä′ses΄, prä′səs; ] chiefly Brit & Cdn [, prō′ ses΄, prō′səs] n. pl. processes [prä′ses΄iz, prä′səs iz; prä′sə sēz΄] [ME < OFr proces < L processus, pp. of procedere: see PROCEED] 1. the course of being done: chiefly in in… …   English World dictionary

  • alveolar ridge — noun a ridge that forms the borders of the upper and lower jaws and contains the sockets of the teeth • Syn: ↑gum ridge, ↑alveolar process • Hypernyms: ↑process, ↑outgrowth, ↑appendage • Part Holonyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • alveolar artery — noun a branch of the maxillary artery that supplies the alveolar process • Syn: ↑arteria alveolaris • Hypernyms: ↑artery, ↑arteria, ↑arterial blood vessel • Hyponyms: ↑inferior alveolar artery, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • alveolar point — noun craniometric point that is the most anterior point in the midline on the alveolar process of the maxilla • Syn: ↑prosthion, ↑prostheon • Hypernyms: ↑craniometric point * * * noun : a point on the alveolar process midway between the median… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Alveolar part of mandible — Infobox Anatomy Name = PAGENAME Latin = pars alveolaris mandibulae GraySubject = 44 GrayPage = 173 Caption = Mandible. (Alveolar part not labeled, but is visible below teeth.) Caption2 = Precursor = System = Artery = Vein = Nerve = Lymph =… …   Wikipedia

  • alveolar ridge — the ridgelike border of the upper and lower jaws containing the sockets of the teeth. Also called alveolar process. See diag. under mouth. * * * …   Universalium

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