Democratic Republican Party (South Korea)

The Democratic Republican Party (Korean: 민주공화당, hanja: 民主共和黨; DRP) was a conservative, authoritarian and broadly state corporatist[1] or fascistic[2] political party in South Korea, ruling from its formation in 1963 to its dissolution under Chun Doo-hwan in 1980. Under the control of Park Chung Hee, leader of South Korea from his military coup d'état of 1961 until his assassination in 1979, the party oversaw a period of accelerated, state-directed industrialization and socio-economic modernization known as the "Miracle of the Han River", where a predominantly poor and agrarian country was transformed into a powerful industrial "tiger economy". The combination of state and corporate chaebol power pioneered by the party, which was influenced heavily by the precedent of the structures of Japanese rule,[3] continues to be deeply built into the foundations of the South Korean economic system.

Following the promulgation in October 1972 of the Yushin Constitution, which implemented numerous authoritarian centralizing measures such as the direct appointment of a third of the National Assembly by the President, the DRP assumed an unprecedented level of political power.

After Park's assassination on 26 October 1979 and the seizure of power by Chun Doo-hwan in the coup d'état of December Twelfth, the DRP was dissolved in 1980, and nominally superseded by the Korean National Party. However, leadership of the state was assumed by the Democratic Justice Party, which may be seen as a spiritual successor of the DRP in terms of its constitutional vision and mimicking of Park's leadership style. Through this evolution, the Grand National Party may be seen as the modern heir of the DRP, though the policies advocated by Korean conservatives have changed significantly since South Korea's democratization in the late 1980s and 1990s.


  1. ^ Kim, B. K. & Vogel, E. F. (eds.) (2011). The Park Chung Hee Era: The Transformation of South Korea. Harvard University Press. p. 125.
  2. ^ Kohli, A. (2004). State-Directed Development: Political Power and Industrialization in the Global Periphery. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 92.
  3. ^ Kohli, p. 27.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Democratic Republican Party (South Korea, 2008) — The Democratic Republican Party is a minor political party in South Korea, founded in 2008. It is led by Huh Kyung young. Categories: Asian political party stubsKorea stubsPolitical parties in South Korea …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic-Republican Party — This article is about the American political party. For the South Korean political party, see Democratic Republican Party (South Korea). Democratic Republican Party or Republican Party …   Wikipedia

  • Democratic Justice Party — The Democratic Justice Party (민주정의당, 民主正義黨, DJP) was the ruling party of South Korea from 1980 to 1990. It was formed in 1980 as the Democratic Republican Party and was the political vehicle for Chun Doo hwan. When 1979, Park Chung hee s… …   Wikipedia

  • Fourth Republic of South Korea — Republic of Korea 대한민국 大韓民國 ← …   Wikipedia

  • Elections in South Korea — are held on national level to select the President and the National Assembly. The president is directly elected for a single five year term by plurality vote. The National Assembly has 299 members elected for a four year term, 245 in single seat… …   Wikipedia

  • History of South Korea — For the history of Korea before its division, see History of Korea. History of Korea This article is part of a series …   Wikipedia

  • Liberalism in South Korea — This article gives an overview of liberalism in South Korea. It is limited to liberal democratic parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign ⇒ means a reference to another party in that… …   Wikipedia

  • List of political parties in South Korea — Political parties in South Korea lists political parties in South Korea. South Korea has a multi party system, in which parties have a chance of gaining power alone.PartiesAs of August 2008, there are six political parties present in the National …   Wikipedia

  • Korea, South — Introduction Korea, South Background: After World War II, a republic was set up in the southern half of the Korean Peninsula while a Communist style government was installed in the north. The Korean War (1950 53) had US and other UN forces… …   Universalium

  • Democratic Party of Albania — Partia Demokratike e Shqipërisë Leader Sali Berisha …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.