David O. Selznick filmography
David O. Selznick (1902–1965) was an American motion picture producer whose work consists of three short subjects, 67 feature films, and one television production made between 1923 and 1957. He is perhaps most notable as the producer of the 1939 epic Gone With the Wind. Selznick was born in Pittsburgh and educated in public schools in Brooklyn and Manhattan. He began working in the film industry in New York while in his teens as an assistant to his father, jeweler-turned-film producer Lewis J. Selznick. In 1923, he began producing films himself, starting with two documentary shorts and then a minor feature, Roulette (1924). Moving to Hollywood in 1926, Selznick became employed at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), where he produced two films before switching to Paramount in early 1928. After helping to guide Paramount into the sound era, Selznick moved to RKO Radio in 1931 where he served as the studio's executive producer. During his time at RKO he oversaw the production of King Kong (1933) and helped to develop Katharine Hepburn and Myrna Loy into major film stars.
In 1933 Selznick returned to MGM, this time as a vice-president in charge of his own production unit. During his two years with the studio he produced elaborate versions of Leo Tolstoy's Anna Karenina and Charles Dickens' David Copperfield and A Tale of Two Cities. In 1935, he left MGM to form his own production company, Selznick International Pictures, where he produced adaptations of Robert Smythe Hichens' The Garden of Allah (1936), Frances Hodgson Burnett's Little Lord Fauntleroy (1936), Anthony Hope's The Prisoner of Zenda (1937), and Mark Twain's The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1938). Selznick also became a pioneer in the use of Technicolor with the first and last of these films and also with his productions of A Star is Born and Nothing Sacred (both 1937). In 1939 Selznick brought Swedish actress Ingrid Bergman to the United States to star in Intermezzo and the following year he brought Alfred Hitchcock over from England to direct Rebecca. Also in 1939, Selznick produced his epic version of Margaret Mitchell's Gone With the Wind, which became the most financially successful film of all time.
Selznick liquidated his corporation in the early 1940s but returned to independent producing in 1943. His work from this period included two more Hitchcock films, Spellbound (1945) and The Paradine Case (1948) and several films starring Jennifer Jones, among them Since You Went Away (1944), Duel in the Sun (1946) and Portrait of Jennie (1948). Selznick ceased his independent productions in 1948. Beginning with Carol Reed's The Third Man (1949), he entered into a period of co-producing motion pictures with other filmmakers. In 1954, he made his sole venture into television with the production Light's Diamond Jubilee. Selznick retired from filmmaking after producing an adaptation of Ernest Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms (1957).
Selznick's productions were the recipients of numerous Academy Award nominations. Two of his films—Gone With the Wind and Rebecca—won Academy Awards for Best Picture. Six other films that he produced—Viva Villa! (1934), David Copperfield (1935), A Tale of Two Cities (1935), A Star is Born (1937), Since You Went Away (1944), and Spellbound (1945)—were nominated for Best Picture. As of 2010, four of the films Selznick produced have been added to the National Film Registry: King Kong (1933), The Prisoner of Zenda (1937), Gone With the Wind (1939), and The Third Man (1949). For his work in motion pictures, Selznick received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
"There are only two kinds of class: First class and no class." — David O. Selznick
- 1 Filmography
- 2 Academy Awards
- 3 Footnotes
- 4 References
- 5 External links
The release dates, titles, and names of the directors for Selznick's films are derived from the filmographies presented in the books Memo From David O. Selznick by Rudy Behlmer and David O. Selznick's Hollywood by Ronald Haver. The quotes are derived from Behlmer's book.
Selznick began working in the film industry while in his early teens. He was employed—after school hours—by his father, film producer Lewis J. Selznick, initially as head of publicity and advertising and later as a newsreel editor. When the elder Selznick went bankrupt in 1923, young David took a job as a promoter for a two-reel short about prizefighter Luis Firpo. Afterwards he convinced the Mineralava Beauty Clay Company to produce a two-reel film of a beauty contest they were sponsoring with actor Rudolph Valentino as the judge.
Release date Title Director Notes April 23, 1923 Will He Conquer Dempsey? (none credited) Silent 1923 Rudolph Valentino and His 88 American Beauties (none credited) Silent
Aetna-Selznick Distributing Corporation
Release date Title Director Notes January 19, 1924 Roulette S. E. V. Taylor Silent
Selznick: I become manager of the writer's department, then head of the writer's department, then assistant story editor, then associate story editor, then assistant stooge to Harry Rapf, and then finally was given my chance to make a Tim McCoy western ...I decided that ... it would be just as easy to make two of them at a time as one.
After the McCoy westerns, Selznick was assigned as assistant to producer Hunt Stromberg on the film White Shadows in the South Seas (1928). Disagreements with Stromberg and senior producer Irving Thalberg over the choice of the film's director (W. S. Van Dyke or Robert J. Flaherty) led to Selznick's termination with the company.
Release date Title Director Notes March 12, 1928 Spoilers of the West W. S. Van Dyke Silent March 24, 1928 Wyoming W. S. Van Dyke Silent
In early 1928 Selznick accepted the position of assistant to producer B. P. Schulberg at Paramount Studios. The professional relationship between the two, however, eventually deteriorated after Schulberg went to Europe for several months in 1929. During his absence, studio head Jesse L. Lasky placed Selznick into Schulberg's position and decided to keep him there. Selznick remained with Paramount until his resignation in June 1931.
Selznick: In response to my question as to what will happen to Schulberg, he [Lasky] said, in effect, that they would be kicking him upstairs.… One of my rows with Paramount … was my insistence that no one man could possibly personally produce more than a few pictures per year.
Selznick worked in a variety of jobs (i.e. supervisor, producer, associate producer, executive producer, or substantial contributor). The 13 films listed below were those whose production he was known to be heavily involved in. Except were noted these films are all-talking.
Release date Title Director(s) Notes August 5, 1928 Forgotten Faces Victor Schertzinger Silent March 14, 1929 Chinatown Nights William A. Wellman Part talking May 27, 1929 The Man I Love William A. Wellman June 12, 1929 The Four Feathers Merian C. Cooper
Ernest B. Schoedsack
Soundtrack with music and sound effects but no spoken dialogue August 15, 1929 The Dance of Life John Cromwell
A. Edward Sutherland
Partly filmed in Technicolor September 14, 1929 Fast Company A. Edward Sutherland February 2, 1930 Street of Chance John Cromwell March 14, 1930 Sarah and Son Dorothy Arzner March 27, 1930 Honey Wesley Ruggles May 1, 1930 The Texan John Cromwell July 18, 1930 For the Defense John Cromwell July 23, 1930 Manslaughter George Abbott November 15, 1930 Laughter Harry d'Abbadie d'Arrast
In 1931 Selznick and director Lewis Milestone attempted to form their own production company. After several months, however, the two were unsuccessful in achieving financial backing. Milestone eventually accepted an offer to because head of production at United Artists while Selznick accepted a similar position at RKO Radio.
Selznick: I sold him [David Sarnoff, President of RCA, parent company at the time to RKO Radio and RKO Pathé] the idea of putting me in charge not only of production at RKO, but also his rival production unit, Pathé. In October 1931, I signed a contract to take over both and to merge them. I stayed at RKO until my contract expired in 1933. My new contract ... was about to be signed when "Deac" Aylesworth became head of the company. Aylesworth insisted upon the new but still unsigned contract being changed to the extent of giving him approval of everything connected with production. I refused to accept this.
The twenty RKO films listed here are ones that Selznick was personally involved in as Vice-President in Charge of Production.
Release date Title Director(s) Notes March 10, 1932 The Lost Squadron George Archainbaud April 14, 1932 Symphony of Six Million Gregory La Cava May 5, 1932 State's Attorney George Archainbaud June 3, 1932 Westward Passage Robert Milton July 9, 1932 What Price Hollywood? George Cukor July 23, 1932 Roar of the Dragon Wesley Ruggles August 12, 1932 The Age of Consent Gregory La Cava September 2, 1932 Bird of Paradise King Vidor October 2, 1932 A Bill of Divorcement George Cukor Film debut of Katharine Hepburn November 20, 1932 The Conquerors William A. Wellman December 4, 1932 Rockabye George Cukor December 25, 1932 The Half-Naked Truth Gregory La Cava December 29, 1932 The Animal Kingdom A. Edward Sutherland February 9, 1933 Topaze Harry d’Abbadie d’Arrast February 16, 1933 The Great Jasper J. Walter Rubin February 23, 1933 Our Betters George Cukor March 2, 1933 King Kong Merian C. Cooper
Ernest B. Schoedsack
Added to the National Film Registry in 1991 March 9, 1933 Christopher Strong Dorothy Arzner March 23, 1933 Sweepings John Cromwell May 30, 1933 The Monkey's Paw Wesley Ruggles
After refusing to sign a new contract with RKO, Selznick returned to MGM in 1933, this time in the position as vice-president in charge of his own unit. During the next two years he personally produced 11 features for the studio before departing to form his own production company.
Release date Title Director Notes August 23, 1933 Dinner at Eight George Cukor October 5, 1933 Night Flight Clarence Brown October 27, 1933 Meet the Baron Walter Lang December 2, 1933 Dancing Lady Robert Z. Leonard Film debut of Fred Astaire and an early appearance by Nelson Eddy April 10, 1934 Viva Villa! Jack Conway May 4, 1934 Manhattan Melodrama W. S. Van Dyke On July 22, 1934, gangster John Dillinger was gunned down by FBI agents after watching this film at the Biograph Theater in Chicago, Illinois January 18, 1935 David Copperfield George Cukor March 22, 1935 Vanessa: Her Love Story William K. Howard April 18, 1935 Reckless Victor Fleming August 30, 1935 Anna Karenina Clarence Brown December 25, 1935 A Tale of Two Cities Jack Conway
Selznick International Pictures
Selznick: ...I simply had to fulfill my ambitions of starting my own company. It had always been an obsession of mine ... that there be no interference with our work; that we must have authority.
In 1935 Selznick left MGM to form his own production company, Selznick International Pictures. He also took over the operation of Pioneer Pictures, a production company designed to produce films in Technicolor and formed by his friend and ex-associate (at RKO) Merian C. Cooper. Selznick International produced a total of 11 features, of which all but one were distributed by United Artists. Gone With the Wind was released by MGM as part of a deal with Selznick in exchange for the loan of Clark Gable in the role of Rhett Butler.
Release date Title Director Notes April 2, 1936 Little Lord Fauntleroy John Cromwell November 19, 1936 The Garden of Allah Richard Boleslawski Filmed in Technicolor April 21, 1937 A Star Is Born William A. Wellman Filmed in Technicolor September 2, 1937 The Prisoner of Zenda John Cromwell Originally released in sepiatone
Added to the National Film Registry in 1991.
November 25, 1937 Nothing Sacred William A. Wellman Filmed in Technicolor February 17, 1938 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer Norman Taurog Filmed in Technicolor November 3, 1938 The Young in Heart Richard Wallace February 16, 1939 Made for Each Other John Cromwell October 5, 1939 Intermezzo: A Love Story Gregory Ratoff First American film appearance of Ingrid Bergman December 15, 1939 Gone with the Wind Victor Fleming Filmed in Technicolor
Added to the National Film Registry in 1989
March 27, 1940 Rebecca Alfred Hitchcock
David O. Selznick Productions
Following the highly successful releases of Gone With the Wind and Rebecca Selznick began a three-year liquidation of Selznick International Pictures in order to draw profits for himself and his outside investors. In the meantime he developed and sold film projects to other producers and also arranged loan outs of his contracted artists (among them director Alfred Hitchcock and actresses Vivian Leigh, Joan Fontaine, and Ingrid Bergman). In 1943 he formed David O. Selznick Productions, a company without outside backers. The first three features for his new company were distributed by United Artists. Beginning with Duel in the Sun he released his films through his own distribution outfit, Selznick Releasing Organization.
Release date Title Director Notes May 25, 1944 Reward Unlimited Jacques Tourneur A one-reel short subject for the United States Public Health Service July 20, 1944 Since You Went Away John Cromwell Released by United Artists December 25, 1944 I'll Be Seeing You William Dieterle Released by United Artists November 1, 1945 Spellbound Alfred Hitchcock One shot in color
Released by United Artists
December 30, 1946 Duel in the Sun King Vidor Filmed in Technicolor
Released by Selznick Releasing Organization
December 31, 1947 The Paradine Case Alfred Hitchcock Released by Selznick Releasing Organization December 25, 1948 Portrait of Jennie William Dieterle Final reel tinted and final shot in Technicolor
Released by Selznick Releasing Organization
In 1948 Selznick closed down his production company and greatly reduced the staff of his distribution outfit. The following year he married actress Jennifer Jones and began traveling in Europe. For the remainder of his career he collaborated with other film producers and also made his sole venture into television.
Selznick: ... I was tired ... Additionally, it was crystal clear that the motion picture business was in for a terrible beating from television ... My company financed itself with bank loans; and these loans, with interest, had been extended to a total of about $12,000,000 ... as part of the plans for the liquidation of my company and its debts, we devised what has since become known as coproduction.
Release date Title Director(s) Notes September 2, 1949 The Third Man Carol Reed A British film co-produced by Selznick and Alexander Korda and distributed by Selznick Releasing Organization. Selznick also provided some minor re-editing for the U.S. release. August 21, 1950 Gone to Earth Michael Powell
An RKO Radio production made in England co-produced by Selznick, who supervised the reshooting (by Rouben Mamoulian) of nearly one-third of the film for its U.S. release under the title The Wild Heart May 27, 1954 Stazione Termini
Vittorio De Sica Filmed in Technicolor
An Italian film co-produced by Selznick, who re-cut the film for its U.S. release by Columbia Pictures under the title Indiscretion of an American Wife
October 24, 1954
(Original airdate on American television)
Light's Diamond Jubilee King Vidor
William A. Wellman
A two-hour television special celebrating the 75th anniversary of Thomas Edison's invention of the incandescent lamp; aired simultaneously on the ABC, CBS, DuMont, and NBC networks December 19, 1957 A Farewell to Arms Charles Vidor Filmed in CinemaScope and color by DeLuxe
Produced by Selznick for Twentieth Century-Fox
Of the 68 features that Selznick produced 22 received a total of 82 Academy Award nominations with 21 wins. In addition to these Selznick himself was twice nominated for the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award. He won the second of these two nominations.
Title Category Nominee Result 3rd Academy Awards—1929/30 Street of Chance Best Writing (Adapted Screenplay) Howard EstabrookI Nominated 4th Academy Awards—1930/31 Laughter Best Story Harry d'Abbadie d'Arrast, Douglas Doty, Donald Ogden Stewart Nominated 5th Academy Awards—1931/32 What Price Hollywood? Best Story Adela Rogers St. Johns, Jane Murfin Nominated 7th Academy Awards—1934 Viva Villa! Best Picture Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Nominated Best Assistant Director John Waters Won Best Sound Douglas Shearer Nominated Best Writing (Adapted Screenplay) Ben HechtII Nominated Manhattan Melodrama Best Story Arthur Caesar Won 8th Academy Awards—1935 David Copperfield Best Picture Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Nominated Best Assistant Director Joseph NewmanII Nominated Best Film Editing Robert J. Kern Nominated 9th Academy Awards—1936 A Tale of Two Cities Best Picture Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Nominated Best Film Editing Conrad A. Nervig Nominated The Garden of Allah Best Assistant Director Eric G. Stacey Nominated Best Original Score Max Steiner Nominated Honorary Award W. Howard Greene and Harold RossonIII Won 10th Academy Awards—1937 A Star is Born Best Picture Selznick International Nominated Best Actor Fredric March (as Norman Maine) Nominated Best Actress Janet Gaynor (as Esther Blodgett / Vicki Lester) Nominated Best Assistant Director Eric G. Stacey Nominated Best Director William A. Wellman Nominated Best Story William A. Wellman, Robert Carson Won Best Writing (Adapted Screenplay) Dorothy Parker, Alan Campbell, Robert Carson Nominated Honorary Award W. Howard GreeneIV Won The Prisoner of Zenda Best Art Direction Lyle Wheeler Nominated Best Original Score Alfred Newman Nominated 11th Academy Awards—1938 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer Best Art Direction Lyle Wheeler Nominated The Young in Heart Cinematography Leon Shamroy Nominated Best Original Score Franz Waxman Nominated Best Scoring Nominated — Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award David O. Selznick NominatedV 12th Academy Awards—1939 Intermezzo: A Love Story Best Cinematography (Black-and-white) Gregg Toland NominatedVI Best Scoring Lou Forbes Nominated Gone with the Wind Best Picture Selznick International Pictures Won Best Actor Clark Gable (as Rhett Butler) Nominated Best Actress Vivien Leigh (as Scarlett O'Hara) Won Best Supporting Actress Olivia de Havilland (as Melanie Hamilton) Nominated Hattie McDaniel (as Mammy) Won Best Art Direction Lyle Wheeler Won Best Cinematography (color) Ernest Haller, Ray Rennahan Won Best Director Victor Fleming Won Best Film Editing Hal C. Kern, James E. Newcom Won Best Original Score Max Steiner Nominated Best Sound Thomas T. Moulton Nominated Best Visual Effects John R. Cosgrove, Fred Albin, Arthur Johns Nominated Best Writing (Adapted Screenplay) Sidney HowardVII Won Honorary Award William Cameron MenziesVIII Won Technical Achievement (Class III) multipleVIX Won — Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award David O. Selznick Won 13th Academy Awards—1940 Rebecca Best Picture Selznick International Pictures Won Best Actor Laurence Olivier (as Maxim De Winter) Nominated Best Actress Joan Fontaine (as Mrs. De Winter) Nominated Best Supporting Actress Judith Anderson (as Mrs. Danvers) Nominated Academy Award for Best Art Direction (Black-and-white) Lyle Wheeler Nominated Best Cinematography (Black-and-white) George Barnes Won Best Director Alfred Hitchcock Nominated Best Film Editing Hal C. Kern Nominated Best Original Score Franz Waxman Nominated Best Visual Effects Jack Cosgrove (Photographic Effects)
Arthur Johns (Sound Effects)
Nominated Best Writing (Adapted Screenplay) Robert E. Sherwood, Joan Harrison Nominated 17th Academy Awards—1944 Since You Went Away Best Picture Selznick International Pictures Nominated Best Actress Claudette Colbert (as Anne Hilton) Nominated Best Supporting Actor Monty Woolley (as Colonel Smollett) Nominated Best Supporting Actress Jennifer Jones (as Jane Hilton) Nominated Best Art Direction (Black-and-white) Mark-Lee Kirk (Art Direction)
Victor A.Gangelin (Interior Decoration)
Nominated Best Cinematography (Black-and-white) Stanley Cortez, Lee Garmes Nominated Best Film Editing Hal C. Kern, James E. Newcom Nominated Best Original Score Max Steiner Won Best Visual Effects John R. Cosgrove (Photographic Effects)
Arthur Johns (Sound effects)
Nominated 18th Academy Awards—1945 Spellbound Best Picture Selznick International Pictures Nominated Best Supporting Actor Michael Chekhov (as Dr. Alex Brulov) Nominated Best Director Alfred Hitchcock Nominated Best Cinematography (Black-and-white) George Barnes Nominated Best Original Score Miklos Rozsa Won Best Visual Effects Jack Cosgrove Nominated 19th Academy Awards—1946 Duel in the Sun Best Actress Jennifer Jones (as Pearl Chavez) Nominated Best Supporting Actress Lillian Gish (as Belle McCanles) Nominated 20th Academy Awards—1947 The Paradine Case Best Supporting Actress Ethel Barrymore (as Lady Sophie Horfield) Nominated 21st Academy Awards—1948 Portrait of Jennie Best Cinematography (Black-and-white) Joseph H. August Nominated Best Visual Effects Paul Eagler, J. McMillan Johnson, Russell Shearman, Clarence Slifer (Special Visual Effects)
Charles Freeman, James G. Stewart (Special Audible Effects)
Won 23rd Academy Awards—1950 The Third Man Best Cinematography (Black-and-white) Robert Krasker Won Best Director Carol Reed Nominated Best Film Editing Oswald Hafenrichter Nominated 27th Academy Awards—1954 Indiscretion of an American Wife Best Costume Design (Black-and-white) Christian Dior Nominated Notes:
^I For the Third Academy Awards no certificates of nomination were given out in this category, only the titles of the nominated films and their companies were listed. When the winners were revealed, only the names of the individuals involved with the winning achievements were announced.
^II Named in third place.
^III "For the color cinematography of the Selznick International Production, The Garden of Allah."
^IV "For the color photography of A Star is Born." (This award was recommended by a committee of leading cinematographers after viewing all the color pictures made during the year.)
^V This is the only year that nominations were announced for the Thalberg award.
^VI This was not an official nomination. The title was on a preliminary list of submissions/nominees from the studios from which the two official nominees (Stagecoach and Wuthering Heights) would be selected.
^VII Awarded posthumously
^VIII "For outstanding achievement in the use of color for the enhancement of dramatic mood in the production of Gone with the Wind."
^VIX "For important contributions in cooperative development of new improved process Projection Equipment: F. R. Abbott, Haller Belt, Alan Cook and The Bausch & Lomb Optical Company For Faster Projection Lenses; The Mitchell Camera Company for a new type process Projection Head; Mole-Richardson Company for a new type automatically controlled projection arc lamp; Charles Handley, David Joy and the National Carbon Company for improved and more stable high-intensity carbons; Winton Hoch and the Technicolor Motion Picture Corp. for an auxiliary optical system; Don Musgrave and Selznick International Pictures, Inc. for pioneering in the use of coordinated equipment in the production, Gone With The Wind."
- ^ "David O. Selznick, 63, Producer Of 'Gone With the Wind', Dies". The New York Times. June 23, 1965. http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0510.html. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- ^ Behlmer, pp. 3–4
- ^ a b Behlmer, pp. 4–6
- ^ a b Behlmer, p. 6
- ^ Haver, pp. 30, 36
- ^ Behlmer, p. 42–43
- ^ "'Avatar' success still far behind 'Gone with the Wind'". International Business Times. 2010. http://www.ibtimes.com/articles/20100125/avatar-success-still-far-behind-gone-with-wind.htm. Retrieved May 29, 2010.
- ^ Behlmer 1973, p. 413
- ^ a b "The 12th Academy Awards (1940) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2011. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/12th-winners.html. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- ^ a b c "The 13th Academy Awards (1941) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2011. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/13th-winners.html. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
- ^ a b "The 7th Academy Awards (1935) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2011. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/7th-winners.html. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
- ^ a b "The 8th Academy Awards (1935) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2011. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/8th-winners.html. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
- ^ a b "The 9th Academy Awards (1936) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2011. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/9th-winners.html. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
- ^ a b "The 10th Academy Awards (1938) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2011. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/10th-winners.html. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
- ^ a b "The 17th Academy Awards (1945) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2011. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/17th-winners.html. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
- ^ "Films Selected to The National Film Registry, Library of Congress 1989-2009". Library of Congress. 2008. http://www.loc.gov/film/titles.html. Retrieved May 30, 2010.
- ^ "The Hollywood Walk of Fame". Hollywood Chamber of Commerce, Inc.. 2009. http://www.hollywoodchamber.net/index.php?module=wof. Retrieved May 30, 1910. (Enter "David O. Selznick" into search)
- ^ Haver, p. 1
- ^ Behlmer, pp. 505–508
- ^ a b Haver, pp. 414–417
- ^ a b Behlmer, p. 8
- ^ Behlmer, p. 15
- ^ Behlmer, p. 41
- ^ a b Behlmer, p. 505
- ^ a b Behlmer, pp. 42–43
- ^ Behlmer, pp. 44–45
- ^ a b Andrews, Roberts M. (October 11, 1991). "25 Films Designated For Preservation" (Fee required). St. Louis Post-Dispatch. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=SL&p_theme=sl&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EB04D5F1431ADB1&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved July 22, 2009.
- ^ Behlmer, p. 57
- ^ Behlmer, pp. 95, 507
- ^ "Famous Cases & Criminals: John Dillinger". U.S. Federal Government, U.S. Department of Justice. 2011. http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/history/famous-cases/john-dillinger. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- ^ a b Behlmer, p. 95
- ^ Haver, p. 172
- ^ Behlmer, pp. 96–97
- ^ Behlmer 1972, p. 137
- ^ Trent 1975, p. 127
- ^ "25 Films Chosen for the National Registry". The New York Times. September 20, 1989. http://www.nytimes.com/1989/09/20/movies/25-films-chosen-for-the-national-registry.html. Retrieved May 10, 2011.
- ^ Behlmer, pp. 291, 507
- ^ Haver, p. 361
- ^ Haver, p. 386
- ^ Behlmer, pp. 383–384
- ^ Haver, p. 388
- ^ a b Behlmer, p. 508
- ^ Haver, p. 417
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences database". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2011. http://awardsdatabase.oscars.org/ampas_awards/BasicSearchInput.jsp. Retrieved September 13, 2011. (Note: enter search for person or film)
- ^ a b "The 3rd Academy Awards (1929/30) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2011. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/3rd-winners.html. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- ^ "The 4th Academy Awards (1930/31) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2011. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/4th-winners.html. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- ^ "The 5th Academy Awards (1931/32) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2011. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/5th-winners.html. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- ^ "The 11th Academy Awards (1939) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2011. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/11th-winners.html. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- ^ "The 18th Academy Awards (1946) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2011. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/18th-winners.html. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- ^ "The 19th Academy Awards (1947) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2011. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/19th-winners.html. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- ^ "The 20th Academy Awards (1948) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2011. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/20th-winners.html. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- ^ "The 21st Academy Awards (1949) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2011. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/21st-winners.html. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- ^ "The 23rd Academy Awards (1951) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2011. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/23rd-winners.html. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- ^ "The 27th Academy Awards (1955) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 2011. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/27th-winners.html. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
- Behlmer, Rudy (1972). Memo from David O. Selznick. New York, NY: Viking Press. ISBN 670-46766-9.
- Haver, Ronald (1980). David O. Selznick's Hollywood. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-394-42595-2.
- Trent, Paul (1975). Those Fabulous Movie Years: The 30s. Barre, Massachusetts: Barre Publishing. ISBN 0-517-512407.
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Marcella Rabwin — Marcella Bannett Rabwin Born May 15, 1908 Richmond, Virginia, USA Died December 25, 1998(1998 12 25) (aged 90) New York City, New York, USA Occupation … Wikipedia