- David F. Musto
David Franklin Musto Born January 8, 1936
Tacoma, Washington, United States
Died October 8, 2010(aged 74)
Occupation author, editor, advisor Nationality American Subjects Drug policy Notable work(s) The American Disease: Origins of Narcotic Control Spouse(s) Jeanne Children 1 daughter and 3 sons
David Franklin Musto (January 8, 1936 – October 8, 2010) was an American expert on U.S. drug policy and the War on Drugs who served as a government adviser on the subject during the Presidency of Jimmy Carter. He wrote extensively on the history of licit and illicit drugs and the process by which many of them were placed under governmental control.
Musto was born January 8, 1936, in Tacoma, Washington and earned his undergraduate degree in classics from the University of Washington in 1956. He attended Yale University on a fellowship, earning a master's degree in the history of science and medicine in 1961. Musto earned his medical degree from the University of Washington School of Medicine, which was followed by an internship at Pennsylvania Hospital and a residency in psychiatry at Yale.
Musto first developed a focus on drug policy when he became special assistant to the director of the National Institute of Mental Health through the United States Public Health Service. He taught briefly at Johns Hopkins University and became a professor of child psychiatry at the Yale Child Study Center beginning in 1969, in addition to being a professor of the history of medicine at Yale School of Medicine. He was selected in 1973 as a presidential adviser on drug policy, and was named by Jimmy Carter in 1978 to serve on the White House Strategy Council on Drug Abuse. Musto was a supporter of methadone maintenance as a way of weaning heroin addicts from their addiction. He questioned the efficacy of employee drug testing and needle exchange programs. Musto was wary of government efforts to curb drug use, noting that efforts to control drugs arise "from repeated observation of the damage to acquaintances and society" but that a prevention effort "usually comes just after the popularity of drugs has peaked". By 1992 Musto believed that the cocaine epidemic in the U.S. had already hit its peak, but challenged the notion that legalization of cocaine and other drugs would curb their effects on society.
His 1973 book The American Disease: Origins of Narcotic Control, expanded and reissued in 1987 and 1999, presented a history of drug use, abuse and control from the 19th century to the time of the book's publishing. Describing the connection between drug prohibition and their use by minority populations, it was written in "a non-polemical tone rare in a field dominated by partisan zealots". The New York Times Book Review called the book "mandatory reading for anyone who wants to understand how we got into our present mess". His 2002 book The Quest for Drug Control: Politics and Federal Policy in a Period of Increasing Substance Abuse, 1963-1981, co-authored with Pamela Korsmeyer, documented the often-fragmented approach by the federal government in the 1960s and 1970s tp drug policy. Additional works edited by Musto on the subject include One Hundred Years of Heroin and Drugs In America: A Documentary History. One of his long-time interests was in Sherlock Holmes, and he was a member of the Baker Street Irregulars. Musto combined that interest with his vocational expertise in the 1968 article "A Study in Cocaine: Sherlock Holmes and Sigmund Freud", which was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
A resident of New Haven, Connecticut, Musto was visiting Shanghai, China, in conjunction with the donation of his writings to Shanghai University and to mark the establishment of the Center for International Drug Control Policy Studies. He died there of a heart attack at age 74 on October 8, 2010. He was survived by his wife, Jeanne, a daughter, three sons and four grandchildren.
- ^ a b c d e Grimes, William. "David F. Musto, Expert on Drug Control, Dies at 74", The New York Times, October 13, 2010. Accessed October 15, 2010.
- ^ Staff. "In Memoriam: Dr. David Musto", Yale University Office of Public Affairs & Communications, October 13, 2010. Accessed October 15, 2010.
- ^ Rierden, Andi. "CONNECTICUT Q&A: DR. DAVID F. MUSTO; Drug Laws and Attitudes in Closer Harmony", The New York Times, May 10, 1992. Accessed October 15, 2010.
- ^ Lewis, David C. "The Quest for Drug Control: Politics and Federal Policy in a Period of Increasing Substance Abuse, 1963-1981", Journal of the American Medical Association, 2003;290:1647-1648. Accessed October 15, 2010.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
David Starobin — (born September 27, 1951 in New York City) is an American classical guitarist, record producer, and film director. He is married to Rebecca Askew Starobin (married 1975), and is the father of Robert Joseph Starobin III (b. 1979), and Allegra Rose … Wikipedia
David Vega — Davíd Vega Personal information Full name Davíd Alejandro Vega Date of birth November 17, 1980 ( … Wikipedia
Judge David Young — infobox television show name = Judge David Young format = Court show runtime = 30 minutes approx. (including commercials) creator = starring = David Young Tawya Young country = USA network = Syndicated slogan = Justice With a Snap first aired =… … Wikipedia
Drug detoxification — (often shortened to detox ) is a collective of interventions directed at controlling acute drug intoxication and drug withdrawal. It refers to a purging from the body of the substances to which a patient is addicted and acutely under the… … Wikipedia
Deaths in October 2010 — Contents 1 October 2010 1.1 31 1.2 30 1.3 29 … Wikipedia
drug use — Introduction use of drugs for psychotropic rather than medical purposes. Among the most common psychotropic drugs are opiates ( opium, morphine, heroin), hallucinogens (LSD, mescaline, psilocybin), barbiturates, cocaine, amphetamines,… … Universalium
Prohibition (drugs) — [ Drug Enforcement Administration in a training exercise.] The prohibition of drugs through sumptuary legislation or religious law is a common means of attempting to control drug use and the illegal drug trade. Prohibition of drugs has existed at … Wikipedia
Prohibition of drugs — See also: Drug prohibition law U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration in a training exercise. The prohibition of drugs through sumptuary legislation or religious law is a common means of attempting to prevent drug use. Prohibition of drugs has… … Wikipedia
Gardner Quincy Colton — (February 17, 1814, Georgia, Vermont – August 9, 1898, Rotterdam) was an American showman, lecturer, and former medical student who pioneered the use of nitrous oxide in dentistry.After making $535 from his first public demonstration of nitrous… … Wikipedia
Office of Drug Abuse Law Enforcement — The Office of Drug Abuse Law Enforcement (ODALE) was a Justice Department agency that Richard Nixon established in January 1972, headed by Myles Ambrose. The office was chiefly a tool for the federal government to assist local government in… … Wikipedia