Edge (wrestler)

Edge

Edge at WWE's Tribute to the Troops in 2010.
Ring name(s) Adam Copeland[1]
Adam Impact[2]
Conquistador Uno[3]
Damon Striker[4]
Edge[5]
Sexton Hardcastle[6]
Billed height 6 ft 5 in (1.96 m)[5]
Billed weight 241 lb (109 kg)[5]
Born October 30, 1973 (1973-10-30) (age 38)[7]
Orangeville, Ontario, Canada[7]
Resides Asheville, North Carolina, United States[8]
Billed from Toronto, Ontario, Canada[5]
Trained by Ron Hutchison[5]
Sweet Daddy Siki[5]
Dory Funk, Jr.[7]
Tom Prichard[7]
Leo Burke[9]
Stu Hart[4]
Debut July 1, 1992[10]
Retired April 11, 2011

Adam Joseph Copeland[11] (born October 30, 1973)[12] is a retired [13] Canadian professional wrestler and actor, better known by his ring name Edge. He is currently signed to WWE under a Legends contract.

Copeland was trained by former professional wrestlers Sweet Daddy Siki and Ron Hutchinson. Throughout 1990s, he wrestled in North American independent promotions early in his career. During his time in these promotions, he competed in singles and tag team competition, the latter with Christian, his storyline brother. In 1997, Copeland signed a developmental deal with the WWF and began competing for the company the following year. After signing with the WWF, he began competing under the ring name Edge. In June 1999, he won the WWF Intercontinental Championship, making it his first title reign with the company. He and Christian went on to win the WWF Tag Team Championship on seven different occasions. During this time, they gained notoriety in the tag team division, partly due to their participation in Tables, Ladders, and Chairs matches.

Overall, Edge won 31 championships in WWE, including eleven world championships (the WWE Championship four times and the World Heavyweight Championship a record seven times), five Intercontinental Championships, one United States Championship, 14 tag team championships (a record 12 World Tag Team Titles and two WWE Tag Team Championships), and is one of only two wrestlers (Kurt Angle being the other) who has held every currently active male Championship in WWE. In addition to his championship accolades, Copeland won the 2001 King of the Ring tournament, the inaugural Money in the Bank ladder match in 2005, and the Royal Rumble match in 2010 making him the only wrestler in history to achieve all three of those accomplishments.[14]

Aside from professional wrestling, Copeland has appeared in the 2000 fantasy film Highlander: Endgame and made guest appearances on television shows, including The Weakest Link, Mind of Mencia, Deal or No Deal, Haven, and MADtv.

Contents

Early life

Copeland was born on October 30, 1973 in Orangeville, Ontario, Canada,[12] to Judy Copeland, a single mother, who worked two jobs to support her son.[15] To this day, he has never met his father, nor seen a picture of him.[16] At a young age, he became interested in professional wrestling. His favorite wrestlers included Mr. Perfect, Randy Savage, Hulk Hogan, Ricky Steamboat, Shawn Michaels and Bret Hart.[17] When he was eighteen, Copeland won an essay contest, with Sully's Gym offering free wrestling training to whoever could write a good essay, explaining why they would want to become a professional wrestler. As the result of his win, he was trained by Sweet Daddy Siki and Ron Hutchinson[18] in Toronto.[15] Copeland put his wrestling aspirations aside, to help pay the bills.[19] He held numerous jobs and decided to go to Humber College, where he graduated with a diploma in radio broadcasting.[20]

Professional wrestling career

Early career

Throughout the 1990s, Copeland wrestled on the independent circuit in Ontario and the Great Lakes region of the United States under the name Sexton Hardcastle.[21] He became a part of the tag team Sex and Violence with Joe Legend. During 1997, Sex and Violence became part of a larger stable known as Thug Life, made up of Legend, Hardcastle, Christian Cage (Copeland's childhood friend Jason Reso), Bill Skullion, and Rhino Richards.[7] During his independent career, he won the ICW/MWCW Midwest Unified Tag Title holder alongside Joe.[22]

The duo of Hardcastle and Cage were known as Hard Impact before changing their name to The Suicide Blondes.[23] They also worked in Japan under the name the Canadian Rockers.[24][25] Copeland also once wrestled as Damon Striker against Meng on an episode of WCW Pro.[26]

Copeland was asked to wrestle in a World Wrestling Federation (WWF) match in 1996,[27] now known as World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE). Canadian wrestler Bret Hart, who saw Copeland wrestle, put in a good word for Copeland, which ultimately resulted in Copeland receiving a developmental contract with the WWF in 1997.[27] Coincidentally, Copeland made his WWF wrestling debut as Sexton Hardcastle the night after Hart left the company.[28]

World Wrestling Federation/Entertainment (1998–present)

Edge and Christian (1998–2001)

In 1998, Copeland made his WWF television debut on the June 22 episode of Raw is War as Edge, a loner character who entered the arena through the crowd for his matches.[29] His character's persona included him aimlessly walking around the city streets and assaulting innocent pedestrians.[30] His first televised match was against Jose Estrada, Jr., which ended prematurely by countout when Edge performed a somersault senton from the ring to the outside, legitimately injuring Estrada's neck.[31] In his first pay-per-view match at SummerSlam in August, he served as Sable's mystery tag team partner against Jacqueline and Marc Mero, and bodyslammed Sable onto Mero in a pinning position to pick up the win.[32]

Edge (left) and Christian at King of the Ring 2000.

Edge was then placed in a feud against the vampire wrestler Gangrel. he During the feud, Gangrel introduced Christian Cage (now going by just "Christian"), Edge's storyline brother, as his ally.[33] Eventually, Gangrel and Christian convinced Edge to join them, and the three of them formed an alliance known as The Brood.[34] The Brood as a whole was later abducted by and converted into The Undertaker's Ministry of Darkness. In May 1999, the Brood broke away from The Ministry after Christian was attacked by Ken Shamrock and forced to reveal the location of the captive Stephanie McMahon.[34] The Undertaker chose to have Christian punished for his trespass, but Edge and Gangrel stood by him and betrayed The Undertaker leading to a brief feud with the Ministry.

Edge captured his first singles championship, the WWF Intercontinental Championship, on July 24, 1999, defeating Jeff Jarrett at a house show in Toronto, Ontario.[35][36] He lost the title the next night to Jarrett at Fully Loaded.[35][37]

Later in the year, he was placed in a storyline angle with The Hardy Boyz (Matt and Jeff). Soon, however, Gangrel betrayed both Edge and Christian and formed The New Brood with their enemies, The Hardy Boyz. They feuded with the Hardy Boyz, as they went onto compete in a ladder match at No Mercy in October for the "managerial services" of Terri Runnels and $100,000, which the Hardy Boyz won.[38] At WrestleMania 2000 on April 2, Edge and Christian defeated the Hardy Boyz and the Dudley Boyz (Bubba Ray and D-Von) to win the WWF Tag Team Championship in a Triangle Ladder match, which ultimately led to the creation of the Tables, Ladders, and Chairs match (TLC).[39][40]

Following this victory, Edge and Christian found success as a villainous duo, shifting their in-ring personas from borderline goth to a comedic pair of "cool dudes", winning the WWF Tag Team Title six more times (for a total of seven).[41] During this time, their trademark became the "five second pose" where they performed a pose in the ring for five seconds "for the benefit of those with flash photography" to mock, insult, or otherwise amuse the fans.[42] They also competed as a team in the first three TLC matches, winning the first two over The Dudley Boyz and The Hardy Boyz, at SummerSlam in 2000 and then again at WrestleMania X-Seven.[43][44] At the 2001 Royal Rumble, Edge and Christian were defeated by the Dudley Boyz and lost the World Tag Team title.[44] They unsuccessfully attempted to regain the tag team title at No Way Out against the Dudley Boyz and the Brothers of Destruction (The Undertaker and Kane),[44] but they succeeded at WrestleMania X-Seven against the Dudley Boyz and The Hardyz in the second TLC match.[44]

Various storylines and injury (2001–2003)

Edge went on to solidify himself as an emerging singles competitor by winning the King of the Ring tournament in 2001.[45] Christian betrayed Edge shortly afterward,[46] and the two feuded over Edge's Intercontinental Championship that Edge won at SummerSlam and later lost to Christian at Unforgiven,[47] though, Edge captured the title later.[48] Following this, Edge lost the Intercontinental title to Test[49] and shortly afterwards won the WCW United States Championship from Kurt Angle.[50] Edge defeated Test at Survivor Series to unify the Intercontinental Championship with the U.S. Championship.[51]

The following year, Edge was placed in a feud with William Regal for the Intercontinental Championship. Edge, however, came up short in the feud.[52] At WrestleMania X8, Edge found himself in a match with Booker T that was the result of Edge beating out Booker for a fictitious Japanese shampoo endorsement.[53] Shortly after defeating Booker T at WrestleMania, Edge was drafted to the SmackDown! brand in the first WWE Draft Lottery. Upon arriving there, he began a feud with Kurt Angle, which culminated in Edge shaving Angle's head following a hair vs. hair match at Judgment Day in May.[54] Two months later, he would end up winning the WWE Tag Team Championship (later renamed the World Tag Team Championship) alongside Hulk Hogan on July 4, 2002.[55] He then formed a tag team with Rey Mysterio; the two participated in a tournament for the newly created and SmackDown!-exclusive WWE Tag Team Championship. They lost to Kurt Angle and Chris Benoit in the finals of the tournament at No Mercy, the match was voted match of the year by the Wrestling Observer Newsletter.[56] After they failed in winning the title, Mysterio and Edge defeated Los Guerreros in a number one contender's match on the October 24 edition of SmackDown! to earn a title shot.[57] On the November 7 edition of SmackDown!, they defeated Angle and Benoit in a two out of three falls match to win their first Tag Team Championship.[58] They soon lost the tag titles to Los Guerreros in a Triple Threat Elimination match that also involved former champions Angle and Benoit at Survivor Series.[59] After losing the title, Edge and Mysterio went their separate ways to focus on their singles careers. At No Way Out, he teamed up with Chris Benoit and Brock Lesnar against Team Angle (Kurt Angle, Charlie Haas and Shelton Benjamin), however Edge was attacked and he would not participate in the match, thus the match became Two-on-Three Handicap tag team match. After No Way Out, Edge suffered a legitimate neck injury and had to undergo surgery with Dr. Lloyd Youngblood.[60]

Pursuit of the World Heavyweight Championship (2004–2005)

Recovery kept him sidelined for almost a year. He was placed on the Raw brand in the WWE Draft after WrestleMania XX and returned to in ring action shortly after that event. On the April 19, 2004 episode of Raw he and Chris Benoit won the World Tag Team Championship.[61] They continued a close partnership even after losing the title, but it was disbanded when Edge won the Intercontinental championship at Vengeance from Randy Orton.[62] Following a legitimate groin injury in a non-televised match, Raw General Manager Eric Bischoff stripped Edge of the Intercontinental title.[63]

Upon his return, Edge began to show some villainous characteristics centering around his obsession for the World Heavyweight Championship. Edge, Chris Benoit, and Shawn Michaels received a title shot for Triple H's World Heavyweight Championship at Taboo Tuesday in October 2004. Michaels won the audience vote to receive the title shot, giving Edge and Benoit a tag team title shot. During the match, Edge abandoned his partner (although Benoit managed to win the title on his own)[64] and instead interfered in the main event, costing Michaels the championship.[64] On the November 1 episode of Raw, Edge and Benoit lost the World Tag Team Championship with Edge once again abandoning Benoit and sitting in a chair and watching the match. After the conclusion of the match, Edge attacked Benoit, officially turning heel.[65] In a November episode of Raw, both Edge and Benoit competed in a number one contender's battle royal, but they eliminated each other simultaneously at the conclusion of the match, resulting in a draw.[66] As a result, Triple H was forced to defend the title in a triple threat match. In the match, Benoit locked on the Crippler Crossface on Edge, who shifted his weight putting Benoit's shoulders on the mat for a pin. This match also ended in a draw for Benoit and Edge, as Benoit made Edge submit at the same time the referee counted a pinfall for Edge.[66] As a result, the World Heavyweight title was vacated the following week on Raw.

In January 2005, Edge competed in his first Elimination Chamber match at New Year's Revolution for the vacant World Heavyweight Championship. Shawn Michaels (acting as special guest referee) performed a superkick on Edge, in retaliation for an accidental spear by Edge, causing Edge to be the first eliminated.[67] This led to a match at the Royal Rumble later in the month, in which Edge defeated Michaels.[68]

Mr. Money In The Bank (2005–2006)

Subsequently, at WrestleMania 21, Edge won the first ever Money in the Bank ladder match, gaining himself a contract that gave him a shot at the World Heavyweight championship within one year.[69] Even though he was already a villain, Edge faced even more scorn from the fans due to Copeland's adulterous affair with WWE Diva Amy Dumas, known on-screen as Lita.[70] Dumas had been the girlfriend of Copeland's close real life friend, Matt Hardy. When Dumas suffered a torn anterior cruciate ligament, she was put out of action,[71] and it was during this time that Copeland began an affair with her while she was still in a relationship with Hardy. Shortly after the incident became public knowledge, WWE released Hardy resulting in even more backlash towards Copeland and Dumas.[72] After Hardy returned, however, the real-life situation was translated into a storyline.[70]

Edge was then paired with Lita in an angle where she betrayed her storyline husband Kane, which ended with a stretcher match that Edge won, but shortly before, Kane performed a tombstone piledriver on Lita.[73] On the July 11 episode of Raw, Edge's match with Kane was interrupted when Matt Hardy made a surprising appearance. The situation was a real-life occurrence, with Hardy referring to Edge as "Adam" and issuing a threat to Lita as well.[74] When Hardy was officially brought back to Raw, he and Edge continued their feud, including a match at SummerSlam where Edge defeated Hardy, causing Hardy to have excessive blood loss.[75] They also competed in a Street Fight, which resulted in a no contest when Hardy performed a side effect on Edge off the entrance ramp into the sound speakers and other electrical equipment.[76] They also fought in a Steel cage match at Unforgiven in September in which Hardy defeated Edge.[77] The feud culminated in a "Loser Leaves Raw Ladder Match" at WWE Homecoming on October 3, which Edge won, after the match, Hardy left the Raw brand to go to the SmackDown! brand.[78] Shortly after the Homecoming victory, Edge suffered a legitimate torn pectoralis major muscle that kept him shelved for several weeks.[79] During his time off, he starred in his own talk show segment on Raw entitled The Cutting Edge,[80] dubbing himself the "Rated-R Superstar". Edge used his talk show to start a feud with Ric Flair following Flair's well-publicized arrest in connection with a road rage incident.[80][81] Edge eventually began using The Cutting Edge as a soapbox to run down Flair until, after weeks of public mockery, Flair eventually showed up and attacked Edge.[82] Edge and Ric Flair formally met at the New Year's Revolution event in 2006 in a match for Flair's Intercontinental Championship, which resulted in Flair retaining, after Edge was disqualified.[83]

Feud with John Cena (2006)

Edge, during his second reign as WWE Champion.

At New Year's Revolution, later that night after Edge's match with Flair, WWE Chairman Vince McMahon appeared on stage and declared that WWE Champion John Cena had to defend the WWE Championship, after he just retained it after the conclusion of the main event match, the Elimination Chamber. As a result, Cena was forced to defend the title against Edge, who cashed in his Money in the Bank contract at that moment. Edge defeated Cena in less than two minutes after two spears to become WWE Champion for the first time.[83] In an interview conducted after the event, on WWE.com, Edge announced that he and Lita would have "hot, unbrideled, sex" in the middle of the ring on Raw the following night to celebrate his victory. On Raw, Edge held up to that promise by engaging in foreplay with Lita until they were interrupted by Flair, who called Edge a disgrace and "that he was horrible in the sack."[84] Flair, however, ended up on the receiving end of a con-chair-to on the announcers' table until Cena came out to Flair's aid and performed an FU on Lita.[84] The "Live Sex Celebration" segment earned Raw a 5.2 rating,[85] the highest Raw rating in over a year,[86] leading Edge to call himself the "most watched champion ever".[87]

Three weeks later, at the Royal Rumble, Edge lost the WWE Championship back to Cena.[88]

He then lost a return match on a special Thursday episode of Raw held in February. Edge blamed special guest referee Mick Foley for his loss, claiming biased officiating and attacked him.[89] At Saturday Night's Main Event, Foley got revenge on Edge by assaulting him with a con-chair-to.[90] They feuded until WrestleMania 22 in April, where Edge defeated Foley in a Hardcore match by spearing him through a flaming table[91] but suffered second degree burns.[21]

Following his feud with Foley, Edge once again challenged John Cena for the WWE Championship. Triple H was involved in a feud with Cena at the time, resulting in a triple threat match at Backlash, where Cena pinned Triple H to retain the title.[92] After Backlash, Edge continued his feud with Mick Foley as they entered a triple threat hardcore match. Foley, however, betrayed his friend Tommy Dreamer with Edge's assistance.[93] Edge and Foley then proclaimed that, because of their brutal match at WrestleMania, they were the true Hardcore Champions.[94] At June's pay-per-view event One Night Stand, Edge, Foley, and Lita defeated Dreamer, Terry Funk, and Beulah McGillicutty in an Extreme rules tag team match.[95]

Later in the event, Edge interfered in the WWE Championship match between John Cena and challenger Rob Van Dam, helping Van Dam win the title after he speared Cena through a table.[95] Edge, who won a number one contender's match for the WWE title to face Van Dam, but was unable to win the title at Vengeance.[96]

Edge facing off against John Cena during a WWE house show.

Two weeks later on Raw, Edge pinned Van Dam in a triple threat match, after blindsiding Cena with the title belt, to become WWE Champion for the second time.[97] This angle re-ignited Edge's feud with Cena, and he lost by disqualification at Saturday Night's Main Event in order to retain the title.[98] Subsequently, a match was made for the August event SummerSlam with the stipulation that if Edge disqualified himself, he would lose the title. At the event, Edge retained the title by pinning Cena after he hit him in the back of the head with a pair of brass knuckles, this occurred when the referee was not looking.[99] The night after SummerSlam, Lita disposed of Cena's customized "spinner" belt into the Long Island Sound at Edge's command, who declared it the end of the "Cena era" in his life. Edge later unveiled the new "Rated-R" version of the belt.[100] Cena, however, interfered in Edge's match with a returning Jeff Hardy later that night, chasing him down to the outside of the building, assaulting him down, and tossing Edge into the Long Island Sound.[100] The following week, Cena made a deal with Edge: if Edge could defeat him in a match for the WWE Championship, he would sign a contract to move to SmackDown!.[101] Edge accepted, on the condition the match be a TLC match held at September's Unforgiven event in Edge's home town of Toronto.[101] At the event, he lost the championship after Cena performed the FU on him, sending Edge crashing through two stacked tables from a ladder.[102] At one point during the match, Cena locked in the STFU on Edge,[102] who later said he was legitimately choked unconscious, the first time he had been knocked out in a match during his career.[103]

Rated-RKO and feud with DX (2006–2007)

On the October 2, 2006 episode of Raw, interference from the newly reformed D-Generation X (DX) (Triple H and Shawn Michaels) cost Edge his "final chance" at John Cena's WWE Championship in a Steel cage match, though their interference was a response to the interference of Lance Cade and Trevor Murdoch,[104] led to Edge approaching Randy Orton and asking him to join forces to defeat DX, which Orton accepted and joined an alliance with Edge.[105] The two formed the tag team Rated-RKO.[106] Rated-RKO became the first to defeat DX since their reunion,[107] and quickly dominated the Raw brand's tag team division to become tag team champions,[108][109] making Edge a record holder of 11 World Tag Team Championship title reigns in his WWE career.[109]

As part of the storyline angle, Rated-RKO attacked Ric Flair with steel chairs to enrage DX on November 27.[110] At New Year's Revolution in January 2007, Rated-RKO faced DX in a title defense, but the match was declared a no-contest when Triple H suffered a legitimate injury during the match.[111] With Triple H out of action, the team continued their on-screen rivalry with remaining DX member Shawn Michaels. Michaels teamed with John Cena to defeat Rated-RKO for the tag team championship on January 29, 2007.[112] Edge and Orton suffered a series of losses to Cena and Michaels in the following months, building hatred towards one another. Edge and Orton also became rivals in their goals of achieving the WWE Championship. Neither Edge nor Orton won the championship, and they lost their claims as number one contenders after a failed match with Cena at Backlash in April.[113]

La Familia (2007–2009)

On the May 7, 2007 episode of Raw, Edge defeated Mr. Kennedy to win his Money in the Bank title opportunity (Kennedy had suffered a legitimate injury prior to the match),[114] making Edge a two-time Money in the Bank holder.[115] On the May 11 episode of SmackDown!, Edge cashed in his newly won contract against The Undertaker, following Undertaker's title match against Batista in a Steel cage match. Following the match, a returning Mark Henry assaulted The Undertaker. As Henry was leaving, Edge came to the ring with the briefcase and demanded to wrestle The Undertaker, and eventually pinned him after a Spear to win his first World Heavyweight Championship.[116] As a result of this victory, Edge became a part of the SmackDown! brand. Edge then began a feud with Batista and successfully defended his championship title against him at Judgment Day,[117] in a Steel Cage match at One Night Stand,[118] and a third and final time in a last chance match at Vengeance.[119] Edge then began a feud with Kane after SmackDown! General Manager Theodore Long announced Kane as the new number one contender for the World Heavyweight title.[120] Edge was forced to relinquish the World title due to a legitimately torn left pectoral muscle injury on the July 20 episode of SmackDown! following an attack by Kane.[121]

At November's pay-per-view event, Survivor Series, Edge made his return, interfering in a World Heavyweight Championship Hell in a Cell match between Batista and The Undertaker.[122] The following SmackDown! show saw Edge and General Manager Vickie Guerrero make their relationship public,[123] making his official in-ring return in a World title match against Batista on November 30, a match that ended after The Undertaker interfered.[124] At Armageddon, Edge won the World Heavyweight Championship, after giving The Undertaker two chair shots and pinning the defending champion Batista (who had been Tombstoned by Undertaker prior) in a Triple Threat match. During the match, Edge used two look-a-likes to distract Batista and The Undertaker.[125] It was later revealed that these look-a-likes were the Major Brothers,[126] who were then repackaged as Curt Hawkins and Zack Ryder. Edge also formed an alliance with Chavo Guerrero, nephew of Vickie Guerrero, and on the January 22, 2008 broadcast of ECW, he assisted Chavo in winning the ECW Championship from CM Punk,[127] even though Chavo previously rebuffed Edge[128] and allied himself with Rey Mysterio, Edge's scheduled opponent at the Royal Rumble pay-per-view.[129] The group eventually came under the name of La Familia. On the Valentine's Day episode of SmackDown, Edge proposed to Vickie, to which she accepted.[130]

Edge before facing Undertaker at Wrestlemania in 2008.

At WrestleMania XXIV, Edge lost the World Heavyweight championship to The Undertaker when he tapped out to the gogoplata.[131] In a WrestleMania rematch, The Undertaker defeated Edge once again at Backlash to retain the World Heavyweight championship.[132] Following Backlash, The Undertaker was stripped of the World title by Vickie Guerrero[133] and faced Edge for the title at Judgment Day in May and then again at One Night Stand in a TLC match in June.[134][135] The first match ended with a countout victory for The Undertaker but no champion was crowned due to the circumstances.[134] The second match at One Night Stand saw Edge walk away champion, which also meant Undertaker was forced to leave the company.[135]

On the June 30, 2008 episode of Raw, Edge lost the World title to CM Punk, after Batista assaulted Edge and prompted Punk to cash in his Money in the Bank contract and defeated Edge to win the World Heavyweight championship.[136] On the July 4, 2008 episode of SmackDown, Edge took his frustrations out on Vickie because he lost the title and told her the wedding was off.[137] The following week, however, after Guerrero saved Edge from a con-chair-to by The Big Show, Edge re-proposed, and the wedding was back on.[138] On July 18, 2008 at the wedding reception, Triple H came out and showed a video of Edge cheating on Guerrero the day before with the wedding planner, Alicia Fox. The angle continued at The Great American Bash in July, when Fox attempted to hand Edge the WWE Championship belt to use as weapon against Triple H, but was stopped by Guerrero. Edge attempted to spear Triple H but hit Guerrero instead, with the distraction, Triple H performed a Pedigree on Edge to retain the WWE title.[139] Edge attempted to apologize to Guerrero, even though he was seen talking to Fox, but she revealed to him that she had rehired The Undertaker and that Edge would face him in a Hell in a Cell match at SummerSlam.[140] Edge then turned on La Familia during the August 8 episode of SmackDown, performing a one man con-chair-to on Chavo in the ring, and tossed Guerrero out of her wheelchair, effectively disbanding the faction. The following week, Edge verbally assaulted Guerrero, before he forced her to apologize to The Undertaker for what she did to him. He also mentioned to Guerrero, that it was because of her that La Familia suffered.[141] At SummerSlam,

The Undertaker defeated Edge, and after the match, Undertaker chokeslammed Edge off the top of a ladder and through the ring canvas, with flames rising from the hole.[142]

Edge at a Raw house show with ring announcer Tony Chimel.

On November 23, 2008 at Survivor Series, Edge returned to WWE after an introduction by SmackDown General Manager and his on-screen wife Vickie Guerrero, replacing Jeff Hardy in the Triple Threat match for the WWE Championship involving champion Triple H and Vladimir Kozlov. He pinned Triple H to become the WWE Champion for the third time in his career.[143] The following month, Edge lost the title to Hardy at Armageddon in a Triple Threat match, which also featured Triple H.[144] At the Royal Rumble, however, Edge regained the title in a no disqualification match, following Matt Hardy's interference.[145] At the February event No Way Out, Edge lost the WWE title in an Elimination Chamber after being pinned by Jeff Hardy, being the first to be eliminated, with the title eventually being won by Triple H.[146] Later that night, Edge inserted himself into the World Championship Elimination Chamber match after attacking Kofi Kingston and barricading himself inside one of the Chamber's pods, proceeding to win his eighth World Championship, last eliminating Rey Mysterio and taking the title over to SmackDown.[147] At WrestleMania XXV in April, Edge lost the championship to John Cena in a Triple Threat match, which also included The Big Show.[148] Three weeks later he regained the championship at Backlash, when he defeated Cena in a Last Man Standing match, after interference by The Big Show.[149] After a successful defense against Jeff Hardy at Judgment Day,[150] he lost the title to Hardy at Extreme Rules in a ladder match, and afterwards said some disparaging things to his on-screen wife, Vickie Guerrero. While Hardy was celebrating, CM Punk cashed in his money in the bank and defeated Hardy to win the World Heavyweight Championship.[151] The following night, Guerrero resigned as the Raw General Manager due to being humiliated, and Edge came out to apologize. Instead, however, he claimed he married Guerrero because she had authoritative powers as the General Manager, and sought a divorce.[152]

World Heavyweight Champion & Retirement(2009–2011)

In June, Edge won the Unified WWE Tag Team Championship (the unified version of the World Tag Team Championship from the Raw brand and the WWE Tag Team Championship from the SmackDown brand) with Chris Jericho at The Bash after he and Jericho were inserted into the match as late entries just prior.[153] On July 3, Edge suffered a torn Achilles tendon while competing at a live event in San Diego in a match against Jeff Hardy, and later underwent surgery. It was reported that he could be out of action for up to a year.[154][155] During Edge's absence, Jericho replaced him with Big Show (forming Jeri-Show) and Jericho began to speak badly of Edge, mocking him for his injury.

Edge after winning the WWE Royal Rumble.
Edge in his trademark pose at WrestleMania 26 before his title match with Chris Jericho

At the Royal Rumble event on January 31, 2010, Edge returned from injury by entering the Royal Rumble match as the twenty ninth surprise entrant. He quickly eliminated Jericho who had been the 28th. Ultimately, he won the match for the first time in his career after last eliminating John Cena. After Jericho won the Heavyweight Championship from the Undertaker during Elimination Chamber, Edge turned face, for the first time since October 2004, by challenging Chris Jericho for the World Heavyweight Championship at WrestleMania XXVI after a surprise attack on Jericho.[156] However, Edge lost to Jericho in the match.[157] The following month, Edge beat Jericho in a Steel cage match at Extreme Rules.[158]

The following night at the 2010 WWE Draft, Edge was drafted back to the Raw brand, also costing Randy Orton a title shot against John Cena by spearing him in a Triple Threat match against Batista and Sheamus.[159] On the April 30 episode of SmackDown, Edge had said goodbye to SmackDown fans. However, Edge turned on the fans by calling them "puppets" for saying 'spear! spear! spear!' and later tried a sneak attack on his former tag team partner Christian, thus becoming a villain once again.[160] After being drafted to the Raw brand and heel turn, Edge began a feud with his former Rated-RKO tag team partner Randy Orton, with both Edge and Orton gaining the upper hand over one another. Much of the antagonism stemmed of Randy's refusal to re-form Rated-RKO with Edge, as Edge wanted to pursue the tag team titles he had been stripped of. Edge beat Christian in a match on the May 17 edition of Raw held in Toronto.[161] Edge and Orton met in a match at May's Over the Limit pay-per-view, with the match resulting in a double countout.[162] At Fatal 4-Way, Edge participated in a fatal four-way match that included Orton, Sheamus, and John Cena for the WWE Championship, though Edge failed to win the title.[163]

The following month Edge participated in the Raw Money in the Bank ladder match at the Money in the Bank pay-per-view but failed to win the briefcase. Edge then went on to participate in the main event of SummerSlam in which he and six teammates were victorious in a seven-on-seven elimination tag team match against The Nexus. On the 900th episode of Raw, he disqualified himself, in the main event in a five-on-five elimination match against The Nexus. This saw him enter into a feud with the anonymous GM of Raw, during which the GM cost him several matches. At Night of Champions, Edge participated in a six pack elimination challenge for Sheamus' WWE Championship but once again failed to win the title.

At WWE's Hell in a Cell PPV event, Edge defeated Jack Swagger. The next night on Raw, it was announced that he had been traded to the Smackdown brand for SmackDown's CM Punk due to him destroying the Raw GM computer turning him face and ending the feud between the two. On his SmackDown return, he defeated Jack Swagger in his first match. On the October 15, 2010 episode of SmackDown, he defeated Dolph Ziggler to become part of Team SmackDown at WWE's Bragging Rights PPV event. At the event, Edge won the cup for Team SmackDown alongside Rey Mysterio eliminating R-Truth, John Morrison and Team Raw's captain Miz.

Soon after that, he entered a feud with World Heavyweight Champion Kane. He defeated Mysterio and Alberto Del Rio to become the number one contender for Kane's World Championship at WWE's Survivor Series PPV event, which ended in a draw. On December 19, 2010 Edge defeated Kane, Rey Mysterio, and Alberto Del Rio in a Tables, Ladders, and Chairs match at the TLC: Tables, Ladders & Chairs PPV event to win the World Heavyweight Championship for a record sixth time and making him a ten time World Champion.[164] Edge then defended the World Championship against Kane in a winning effort in a Last Man Standing match, thus ending their feud.

Edge would then feud with Dolph Ziggler and Vickie Guerrero up through the Royal Rumble and after. After the Royal Rumble, Rumble winner Alberto Del Rio announced that he would challenge for the World Heavyweight Championship, which was held by Edge at that time. On the 600th episode of Smackdown on February 18, acting GM Guerrero fired Edge, and awarded the World Title to her (kayfabe) boyfriend Ziggler. Smackdown GM Teddy Long returned later that night, and rehired Edge. Edge would then defeat Ziggler to become the World Heavyweight Champion for the seventh time, and win his 11th World Championship overall. After the match, Teddy Long fired Dolph and Vickie would follow the next week after losing a tag team match with Drew McIntyre facing Copeland and Kelly Kelly.

Edge destroying Alberto Del Rio's car, as Christian watches, at WrestleMania XXVII.

At the Elimination Chamber pay-per-view, Edge successfully defended his World Heavyweight Championship in an Elimination Chamber match by finally pinning Rey Mysterio. After he defended his championship, he was attacked by Alberto Del Rio, but was saved by the returning Christian. Edge and Christian briefly reunited to defeat Alberto and his NXT bodyguard Brodus Clay. At WrestleMania XXVII, in his last WWE in-ring match, Edge successfully defended the World Title against Alberto Del Rio in the opening match. This proved to be Edge's last in ring match which he won only to relinquish the title and ultimately retire on the 11th April edition of Raw as the World Hevyweight Champion.[165]

Part-time appearances (2011)

On the April 11 episode of Raw, Edge gave a speech about his career and the realities of wrestling. He also mentioned he took more tests after passing his basic strength tests at the behest of WWE, and the MRI forced him to retire.[166][13][167] Leading up to this announcement, he had reflected upon his previous neck injury where his cervical vertebrae had been fused, and mentioned feeling numbness in his arms and losing feeling in them. This was diagnosed as cervical spinal stenosis, and because of such, the doctors cannot medically clear him to compete without him risking neck-down paralysis, or even death.[13] Later that same week on the April 15 edition of SmackDown, Edge officially relinquished the World Heavyweight Championship, retiring as the World Champion.[168]

On the April 22 episode of SmackDown, Edge made an appearance, interrupting Alberto Del Rio's mock retirement party.[169] At Extreme Rules, Edge helped Christian win the vacant World Heavyweight Championship by using Del Rio's car horn to distract him.[170] At SummerSlam, Christian had Edge return to be in his corner for his World Heavyweight Championship defense against Randy Orton. However, Edge, disappointed by the cowardly tactics Christian used to win his second World Heavyweight Championship, berated him and walked out on him. Christian would later lose the belt to Orton for a second time.[171] On the September 16, 2011 edition of SmackDown, Edge hosted the Cutting Edge between Mark Henry and the World Heavyweight Champion, his Rated-RKO partner, Randy Orton. After the event went off the air they had Edge appreciation night celebrating the career of Edge.

In October 2011, he came in Paris for a video game show and had an video interview with Play3-Live.com[172] where he talks about his career since he's retired, about his projects, and about other wrestlers.

Other media

In 2000, he made a cameo appearance in the fantasy movie Highlander: Endgame, credited as "Road Bandit". During the appearance, actor Adrian Paul remarks "Looks like you've lost your edge, lad" after defeating him in a sword fight.[173]

In March 2002, Copeland alongside other WWE Superstars appeared on the quiz show, the Weakest Link. He was voted out in the first round, and the eventual winner was Kane.[174] On the August 6, 2006 episode of Mind of Mencia, Copeland appeared as Edge as a commentator for "The Royal Religious Rumble". He punched out an actor playing L. Ron Hubbard to stop Scientology from ruling the world and then speared another actor playing Tom Cruise.[175] In March 2007 he alongside Randy Orton, John Cena, and Bobby Lashley appeared on Deal or No Deal.[176] Weeks later he appeared on the sketch comedy show MADtv.[176] Copeland appeared in a Slim Jim commercial where his spicy side causes chaos in a DMV, a restaurant and a hotel.[177]

Edge: a Decade of Decadence, a DVD documentary of Copeland's life, was released in December 2008. The DVD illustrates his wrestling career dating back to 1998 when he entered the WWF.[178]

In June 2011, Copeland appeared on the Syfy series Sanctuary, in the season 3 finale episode, "Into the Black" as Thelo, an Abnormal.[179]

Copeland will also appear regularly in the second season of the Syfy series Haven, which started in July 2011, as Dwight Hendrickson.[180]

He will also star alongside Jamie Kennedy and Jennifer Esposito in the 2011 WWE production Bending the Rules.

Filmography

Year Title Role Notes
2000 Highlander: Endgame Road Bandit
2002 Weakest Link Himself
2006 Mind of Mencia Himself Episode: Royal Religious Rumble
2007 Deal or No Deal Himself with WWE Superstar, Randy Orton
MADtv Himself
2011 Sanctuary Thelo Episode: Into the Black, Uprising
Haven Dwight Hendrickson Episodes: Sparks and Recreation, Lockdown, Who, What, Where, Wendigo?, and Business as Usual

Personal life

Copeland used to play hockey with National Hockey League (NHL) player Aaron Downey.[181] He is a fan of the NHL's New Jersey Devils.[182] As a teenager, Copeland attended WrestleMania VI sitting in the eleventh row at ringside.[183] He was cheering on WWF Champion Hulk Hogan against The Ultimate Warrior, and he credits this match with making him realize he wanted to be a wrestler.[5] Twelve years later Copeland returned to SkyDome as a competitor at WrestleMania X8.[5]

Copeland has been married two times. His first marriage was to Alannah Morley, the sister of Sean Morley, whom he wedded on November 8, 2001.[184] They divorced after three years on March 10, 2004.[185] His second marriage was to Lisa Ortiz on October 21, 2004. But they soon divorced on November 17, 2005.[186] Edge currently resides in Asheville, N.C. with his girlfriend Charissa.[187]

His autobiography, titled Adam Copeland on Edge, was published on November 4, 2004. Unlike most wrestlers who used "ghostwriters" to write their autobiographies, Copeland wrote the entire book himself, in longhand. Mick Foley wrote the foreword to his book.[188] Copeland does not smoke. He claims he had his first cigarette when he was sixteen, hated it, and has not smoked since.[189] Copeland has several tattoos. He has a tattoo of a red and black sun on his left upper biceps (which covers a tattoo of a muscular shark which resembled the Street Sharks), a star on his right upper biceps with several smaller stars below it, two skulls wearing bandannas, adorned with flowers and hearts, below said star tattoo, along with a tattoo of a cross on his left forearm, and another tattoo of a scroll like piece of paper that adorns the words Rise Above. All of Copeland's tattoos represent a stage in his career: his sun, which Copeland got while recovering from his neck injury, represents "looking towards brighter days." The cross tattoo represents his time with the Brood, and his star and skull tattoos represent his Rated-R Superstar persona and his self-proclaimed status as the "Guns N' Roses of wrestling".[190]

Controversy

In March 2007, Copeland became a key figure in an alleged steroid ring and drug investigation. On March 19, Sports Illustrated posted an article on its website in its continuing series investigating a steroid and HGH ring used by a number of professional athletes in several sports. That article mentioned several current and former WWE wrestlers, including Copeland who was alleged to have obtained HGH.[191] Copeland has previously admitted using steroids in April 2004 after neck surgery as an experiment on TSN's Off The Record with Michael Landsberg in January 2005. He said he felt it slowed him down, so he quickly got off the substance.[192] According to Copeland, he took HGH after returning from a spinal fusion neck surgery. He was told by doctors that it would help the bones grow back around the screws and plate that were inserted into his neck. He claims to have taken blood tests, consulted doctors, studied the drug, and got prescriptions before deciding to take them.[193]

According to a Sports Illustrated article rotated on August 30, 2007, Copeland was named one of 10 superstars found to have purchased steroids and other drugs from an online pharmacy, a violation of the WWE Talent Wellness program. Copeland was said to have received somatropin, genotropin, and stanozolol between September 2004 and February 2007.[194][195]

In wrestling

Edge performing a spear on Mr. Kennedy
Edge performing the Sharpshooter on CM Punk
Edge performing his signature entrance, with pyrotechnics.
Edge in his trademark pose at WrestleMania 26 before his title match with Chris Jericho
Edge, pictured with his custom 'Rated-R' Spinner belt during his 2nd WWE Championship reign

Championships and accomplishments

Edge during his first reign as World Heavyweight Champion.
  • Insane Championship Wrestling
    • ICW Street Fight Tag Team Championship (2 times) – with Christian[3][4]
  • New Tokyo Pro Wrestling
    • NTPW Pro Tag Team Championship (1 time) – with Christian [209]

1 ^ Won during the Invasion storyline.
2 ^ Won the 2007 Money in the Bank contract when he defeated the then–Money in the Bank holder, Mr. Kennedy, on Raw.

  • WrestleSlam Awards
    • Superstar of the Year (2010)

Lucha de Apuesta record

Wager Winner Loser Location Date Notes
Hair Edge Kurt Angle Nashville, Tennessee 02002-05-19 May 19, 2002 Hair vs. hair match at Judgment Day[54]

Notes

  1. ^ "Christian Cage bio". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/Bios/christian.html. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  2. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 55. ISBN 0743483472. 
  3. ^ a b c "Bodyslamming profile". http://bodyslamming.com/wwe/edge.html. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Edge Profile". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/profiles/e/edge.html. Retrieved 2008-07-27. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Edge's WWE Profile". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/superstars/wwealumni/edge. Retrieved 2010-10-05. 
  6. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 74. ISBN 0743483472. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Edge bio". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/Bios/edge.html. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  8. ^ Mooneyham, Mike (2010-06-06). "Jim Ross staying in WWE". The Post and Courier. Archived from the original on 2010-08-02. http://www.webcitation.org/5rgUAl8r6. Retrieved 2010-08-02. 
  9. ^ "Test bio". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/SlamWrestlingBios/martin_andrew.html. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  10. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 51. ISBN 0743483472. 
  11. ^ Brodi, Caroline (2009-04-16). "Grappling with the world-beaters". Aberdeen Press & Journal. "One showdown guaranteed to have the crowds on their feet is the billed world heavyweight championship bout between Edge, real name Adam Joseph Copeland, and titleholder John Cena" 
  12. ^ a b Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 16. ISBN 0743483472. 
  13. ^ a b c "Injury forces Edge to retire". WWE Inside. World Wrestling Entertainment. 2011-04-11. http://www.wwe.com/inside/edge-announcement. Retrieved 2011-04-12. 
  14. ^ Murphy, Ryan (2011-04-14). "WWE "Living on the Edge: The Career of Adam Copeland"". Wwe.com. http://www.wwe.com/shows/smackdown/edge-career-history. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  15. ^ a b Press, Jordan. "Wrestle-maniac — Adam Copeland turns a childhood dream into a WWF career". Toronto Star: D04. 
  16. ^ Nemeth, Jason D. (2010). Edge. Capston Press. p. 8. ISBN 9781429633468. 
  17. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 129. ISBN 0743483472. 
  18. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 47. ISBN 0743483472. 
  19. ^ Nemeth, Jason D. (2010). Edge. Capston Press. p. 12. ISBN 9781429633468. 
  20. ^ Anstett, Patricia (2002-06-13). "Pro wrestler lends muscle to fight against angina". Detroit Free Press. http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-8817767_ITM. Retrieved 2009-09-28. 
  21. ^ a b Lamont, Tom (2009-03-29). "How I got my body — Adam 'Edge' Copeland". The Observer. guardian.co.uk. http://www.guardian.co.uk/sport/2009/mar/29/adam-copeland-wrestling. Retrieved 2009-03-30. 
  22. ^ "Midwest / Insane Championship Wrestling". Pro Wrestling History. http://www.prowrestlinghistory.com/indy/mwcw-icw/mwcwtitles.html#mwcwtag. Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  23. ^ Powell, John. "Edge speaks". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/SlamWrestlingEdge/copeland_interview.html. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  24. ^ Marvez, Alex (2000-09-15). "Tag-Team Champ Is Happy To Live His Life On The Edge". South Florida Sun-Sentinel: 38. 
  25. ^ Adam Copeland (2006-11-08). "Blog from the last Japan trip". MySpace. http://myspace.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=blog.view&friendID=107643765&blogID=190578859&Mytoken=FA78C117-EF5E-4970-BFC004117D4AE1473040398. Retrieved 2007-03-21. 
  26. ^ "Full Match Friday: Meng vs Damon Striker". prorasslin.com. 2011-04-15. http://prorasslin.com/2011/04/15/full-match-friday-meng-vs-damon-striker/. Retrieved 13 July 2011. 
  27. ^ a b Nemeth, Jason D. (2010). Edge. Capston Press. p. 14. ISBN 9781429633468. 
  28. ^ "Parting shot for Hitman Escape clause will allow Hart to bolt WWF for WCW". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. 1997-11-08. http://slam.canoe.ca/SlamWrestlingArchive/nov8_wrestling1.html. Retrieved 11 April 2010. 
  29. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 109. ISBN 0743483472. 
  30. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 106. ISBN 0743483472. 
  31. ^ "WWF Raw is WAR recap". Slash Wrestling.com. 1998-06-22. http://slashwrestling.com/raw/980622.html. Retrieved 2007-03-21. 
  32. ^ Powell, John (1998-08-31). "Ladder match dominates SummerSlam". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/SlamWrestlingArchive/aug31_summerslam.html. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  33. ^ Copeland, Adam (2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 119. ISBN 978-1-4165-1130-4. 
  34. ^ a b Copeland, Adam (2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-4165-1130-4. 
  35. ^ a b "History of the Intercontinental Championship — Edge (1)". World Wrestling Entertainment. 1999-07-24. http://www.wwe.com/inside/titlehistory/intercontinental/322584. Retrieved 2009-02-26. 
  36. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 130. ISBN 0743483472. 
  37. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 131. ISBN 0743483472. 
  38. ^ Powell, John (1999-10-18). "Tag match highlights No Mercy". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/SlamWrestlingArchive/oct18_nomercy.html. Retrieved 2008-01-20. 
  39. ^ "2007 Wrestling almanac & book of facts". Wrestling’s historical cards (Kappa Publishing): p. 105. 2007. 
  40. ^ Russo, Ric; Brian Fritz (2000-04-07). "WrestleMania Fallout — Solofa 'Rikishi' Fatu Is Riding High After 10 Years In Ring". Orlando Sentinel: 21. 
  41. ^ "Edge's Title History". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/superstars/smackdown/edge/titlehistory. Retrieved 2010-10-05. 
  42. ^ Copeland, Adam (2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 155. ISBN 978-1-4165-1130-4. 
  43. ^ "2007 Wrestling almanac & book of facts". Wrestling’s historical cards (Kappa Publishing): p. 106. 2007. 
  44. ^ a b c d "2007 Wrestling almanac & book of facts". Wrestling’s historical cards (Kappa Publishing): p. 107. 2007. 
  45. ^ Powell, Jason (2001-06-25). "Angle and Edge rule KOTR". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/SlamWrestlingPPV/jun25_kotr-can.html. Retrieved 2009-02-13. 
  46. ^ Quijones, Eric (2001-09-13). "'Smackdown!' to be aired live". The Star-Ledger: 80. 
  47. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 188. ISBN 0743483472. 
  48. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 189. ISBN 0743483472. 
  49. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 191. ISBN 0743483472. 
  50. ^ "Edge's first reign". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/inside/titlehistory/unitedstates/3044541114. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  51. ^ Powell, John (2001-11-19). "WWF pulls out Survivor Series win". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/SlamWrestlingPPV/nov19_survivor-can.html. Retrieved 2009-02-13. 
  52. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 195. ISBN 0743483472. 
  53. ^ Grmalich, Chris (2002-03-18). "Hogan passes torch at WrestleMania". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/SlamWrestlingWM18/mar18_wmgramlich-can.html. Retrieved 2009-02-13. 
  54. ^ a b Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 204. ISBN 0743483472. 
  55. ^ "Edge & Hogan's first reign". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/inside/titlehistory/worldtagteam/30445413211222. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  56. ^ "No Mercy 2002 official results". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/nomercy/history/2002/results/. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  57. ^ "SmackDown! results – October 24, 2002". Online World of Wrestling. http://www.onlineworldofwrestling.com/results/smackdown/021024.html. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  58. ^ "Rey Mysterio and Edge's first Tag Team Championship reign". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/inside/titlehistory/wwetag/330018. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  59. ^ "Survivor Series 2002 official results". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/survivorseries/history/2002/results/. Retrieved 2008-05-18. 
  60. ^ Marvez, Alex (2003-02-28). "'Edge' Latest With Neck Problem As Injuries Come To A Head". South Florida Sun-Sentinel: 42. 
  61. ^ "Second high for Benoit". The Malay Mail. 2004-04-22. "To Raw's newest tag team ... [Chris] Benoit & captured the World Tag Team Championship in front of their native Canadian fans by defeating Ric Flair & Batista" 
  62. ^ Sokol, Chris (2004-07-12). "Canadians have Edge at Vengeance". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2004/07/12/537080.html. Retrieved 2009-02-13. 
  63. ^ "Orton's great escape". The Malay Mail. 2004-09-09. 
  64. ^ a b Sokol, Chris (2004-10-20). "Nothing Taboo at Tuesday PPV". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2004/10/20/788799.html. Retrieved 2009-02-13. 
  65. ^ Ryan Allen and Mike Greenslade (2004-11-01). "WWE Raw Results – 11/01/04 – Peoria, IL (6 Man Tag + Tag Title Change)". WrestleView. http://www.wrestleview.com/results/raw/raw2004/1099369001.shtml. Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  66. ^ a b Martin, Adam (2004-11-29). "Raw Results – 11/29/04 – Baltimore, MD (World Title up for grabs...)". WrestleView. http://www.wrestleview.com/results/raw/raw2004/1101788171.shtml. Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  67. ^ Tylwalk, Nick (2005-01-10). "No Revolution: Triple H prevails". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2005/01/10/901074.html. Retrieved 2009-02-13. 
  68. ^ Plummer, Dale; Tylwalk, Nick (2005-01-31). "Batista claims the Rumble". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2005/01/31/915606.html. Retrieved 2009-02-13. 
  69. ^ a b Plummer, Dale; Tylwalk, Nick (2005-04-03). "Main events weak at WrestleMania 21 – Batista, Cena go over but undercard steals the show". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2005/04/03/981377.html. Retrieved 2009-01-21. 
  70. ^ a b Clark, Jeff (2007-09-07). "The Luchagors Drop a Powerbomb". Stomp and Stammer. http://www.stompandstammer.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=986&Itemid=51. Retrieved 2007-10-02. 
  71. ^ Clevett, Jason (2005-03-02). "Lita on road to recovery". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2005/02/27/944653.html. Retrieved 2007-10-18. 
  72. ^ Blackjack Brown (2005-04-17). "WWE cuts Hardy, Rhyno, Holly". Chicago Sun-Times: 87. 
  73. ^ Evans, Ant. "Power Slam". What’s going down... (SW Publishing LTD): p. 4. 132. 
  74. ^ Jordan, Ron (2005-07-16). "Loose Cannon: Matt Hardy's Return Is Retirement Of Pillman's". Winston-Salem Journal: 9. 
  75. ^ "All-Time SummerSlam Results". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/summerslam/history/302480. Retrieved 2009-12-09. 
  76. ^ Golden, Hunter (2005-08-29). "Raw Results – 8/29/05 – Tampa, Florida (Hardy & Edge Street Fight)". WrestleView. http://www.wrestleview.com/results/raw/raw2005/1125374206.shtml. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  77. ^ Sokol, Chris (2005-09-19). "Unforgiven marred by unfortunate ending". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2005/09/19/1223557.html. Retrieved 2009-01-21. 
  78. ^ Golden, Hunter (2005-10-03). "Raw Results-10/3/05-Dallas, TX -(Homecoming to USA Network)". WrestleView. http://www.wrestleview.com/results/raw/raw2005/1128399622.shtml. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  79. ^ Madigan, TJ (2005-11-05). "WWE starts to implode". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2005/11/05/1293935.html. Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  80. ^ a b Golden, Hunter (2005-12-05). "Raw Results – 12/5/05 – North Charleston, SC (Eric Bischoff Fired...)". WrestleView. http://www.wrestleview.com/news2005/1133844305.shtml. Retrieved 2010-01-12. 
  81. ^ Martin, Adam (2005-12-12). "Raw Results – 12/12/05 – Boston, MA (Elimination Chamber & more)". WrestleView. http://www.wrestleview.com/news2005/1134459395.shtml. Retrieved 2010-01-12. 
  82. ^ Golden, Hunter (2005-12-26). "Raw Results – 12/26/05 – Bridgeport, CT (McMahon/Beat the Clock)". WrestleView. http://www.wrestleview.com/news2005/1135659373.shtml. Retrieved 2010-01-12. 
  83. ^ a b Sokol, Chris (2006-01-09). "Edge surprise champ after Revolution". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2006/01/09/1385492.html. Retrieved 2009-02-13. 
  84. ^ a b Golden, Hunter (2006-01-09). "Raw Results – 1/9/06 – Hershey, PA (Live sex celebration and more)". WrestleView. http://www.wrestleview.com/results/raw/raw2005/1136868615.shtml. Retrieved 2009-12-09. 
  85. ^ "Raw ratings rise". World Wrestling Entertainment. 2006-01-10. http://www.wwe.com/inside/news/archive/rawratingsrise. Retrieved 2007-03-21. 
  86. ^ McAvennie, Mike (2006-12-24). "Raw's Sex Edge-ucation". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/inside/listthis/greatrawmoments/rawmoments7. Retrieved 2007-03-21. 
  87. ^ Plummer, Dale (2006-01-17). "Raw: A little TLC goes a long way". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2006/01/17/1398586.html. Retrieved 2009-12-09. 
  88. ^ Emanuel Jr., Bob (2006-01-30). "Wrestling Fans Get Their Show". The Miami Herald: 3D. 
  89. ^ Keller, Wade (2006-02-20). "Keller's Raw Report 2/20: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of live show". PW Torch. http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/TV_Reports_9/article_16158.shtml. Retrieved 2010-01-12. 
  90. ^ "Saturday Night's Main Event XXXII". Saturday Night's Main Event. NBC. 2006-03-18. 90 minutes in.
  91. ^ Plummer, Dale; Tylwalk, Nick (2006-04-03). "WrestleMania delivers big time on PPV". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2006/04/03/1517785.html. Retrieved 2009-02-13. 
  92. ^ Brown, Jeremy (July 2006). "Unholy Alliance". WWE Raw 12: 44–51. 
  93. ^ Golden, Hunter (2006-05-08). "Raw Results – 5/8/06 Anaheim, CA (Hardcore Rematch, ECW, more)". WrestleView. http://www.wrestleview.com/results/raw/raw2006/1147145975.shtml. Retrieved 2010-01-12. 
  94. ^ Martin, Adam (2006-05-15). "Raw Results – 5/15/06 – Lubbock, TX – (New IC Champion and more)". WrestleView. http://www.wrestleview.com/results/raw/raw2006/1147761046.shtml. Retrieved 2010-01-12. 
  95. ^ a b Elliott, Brian (2006-06-12). "ECW resurrected at PPV". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2006/06/12/1628639.html. Retrieved 2009-02-13. 
  96. ^ Martin, Adam (2006-06-25). "Vengeance (Raw) PPV Results – 6/25/06 – Charlotte, NC (DX, more)". WrestleView. http://www.wrestleview.com/news2006/1151289839.shtml. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  97. ^ William III, Ed (2006-07-03). "Stolen Championship". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/archive/07032006/mainarticle. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  98. ^ Zeigler, Zack (2006-07-15). "Cena snaps on Edge". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/snme/history/july152006/matches/2581598/. Retrieved 2010-01-12. 
  99. ^ Plummer, Dale; Tylwalk, Nick (2006-08-21). "Flair & Hogan top average SummerSlam". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2006/08/21/1767711.html. Retrieved 2009-02-13. 
  100. ^ a b Golden, Hunter (2006-08-21). "Raw Results – 8/21/06 – Bridgeport, CT (Foley fired, & New title belt)". WrestleView. http://www.wrestleview.com/results/raw/raw2006/1156217017.shtml. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  101. ^ a b Plummer, Dale (2006-08-29). "Raw: A hellish night for DX". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2006/08/29/1783883.html. Retrieved 2009-02-26. 
  102. ^ a b Dee, Louie (2006-09-17). "The Champ is back". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/unforgiven/history/2006/matches/288175811/. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  103. ^ John Cena: My Life (DVD). WWE Home Video. 2007. 
  104. ^ Zeigler, Zack (2006-09-25). "SmackDown beatdown". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/archive/09252006/mainarticle. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
  105. ^ Golden, Hunter (2006-10-09). "Raw Results – 10/9/06 – Columbia, SC ('Raw Family Reunion' Results)". WrestleView. http://www.wrestleview.com/results/raw/raw2006/1160450871.shtml. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  106. ^ Zeigler, Zack (2006-10-09). "Cyber Sunday Blockbuster". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/archive/10092006/mainarticle. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  107. ^ Elliott, Brian (2006-11-06). "K-Fed costs Cena at Cyber Sunday". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2006/11/06/2253314.html. Retrieved 2009-02-13. 
  108. ^ Zeigler, Zack (2006-11-13). "Rated-RKO Champions". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/archive/11132006/mainarticle. Retrieved 2008-01-06. 
  109. ^ a b "History of the World Tag Team Championship — Edge & Randy Orton". World Wrestling Entertainment. 2006-11-13. http://www.wwe.com/inside/titlehistory/worldtagteam/244843211. Retrieved 2008-01-06. 
  110. ^ Golden, Hunter (2006-11-27). "Raw Results – 11/27/06 – Pittsburgh, PA (The Hardy Boyz Reunite...)". WrestleView. http://www.wrestleview.com/results/raw/raw2006/1164688191.shtml. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  111. ^ Plummer, Dale; Tylwalk, Nick (2007-01-08). "Cena retains, Triple H injured at Revolution". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2007/01/08/3235732.html. Retrieved 2009-02-13. 
  112. ^ Plummer, Dale (2007-01-30). "Raw: HBK & Cena Trump Edge & Orton". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2007/01/30/3481310.html. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  113. ^ Elliott, Brian (2007-04-29). "No filler makes for a consistent Backlash". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2007/04/29/4140920.html. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  114. ^ Mooneyham, Mike (2007-12-02). "'Mr. Kennedy' endures pitfalls". The Post and Courier. http://www.postandcourier.com/news/2007/dec/02/mr_kennedy_endures_pitfalls23762/. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  115. ^ a b DiFino, Lennie. "Gold digging". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/archive/05072007/mainarticle. Retrieved 2008-07-09. 
  116. ^ Lennon, Patrick (2007-05-11). "WWE hits the buffers". Daily Star. 
  117. ^ Elliott, Brian (2007-05-20). "WWE just passes on Judgment Day". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2007/05/21/4197038.html. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  118. ^ Kaplan, Brett (2007-06-04). "Cena wins again; Hardys retain tag belts". The Miami Herald. 
  119. ^ McAvennie, Mike (2007-06-24). "Batista's last stand falls". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/nightofchampions/history/2007/matches/40811641/. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  120. ^ Martin, Adam (2007-07-06). "Smackdown Results – 7/6/07 – Dallas, TX (Edge & Kane — much more)". WrestleView. http://www.wrestleview.com/results/smackdown/smackdown2006/1183778546.shtml. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  121. ^ Waldman, Jon (2007-07-21). "Smackdown: A champion is crowned". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2007/07/21/4356566.html. Retrieved 2009-02-26. 
  122. ^ Tylwalk, Nick; Plummer, Dale (2007-11-18). "Survivor Series ends with an Edge". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2007/11/18/4666920.html. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  123. ^ Dee, Louie (2007-11-24). "Rated "T" for Tombstone". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/smackdown/archive/11232007/articles/ratedtfortombstone. Retrieved 2008-01-17. 
  124. ^ McAvennie, Mike (2008-12-01). "Three-dogged night". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/smackdown/archive/11302007/articles/threedoggednight. Retrieved 2008-01-24. 
  125. ^ Kapur, Bob (2007-12-17). "Edge brings in the clones to win at Armageddon". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2007/12/17/4728475.html. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  126. ^ Dee, Louie (2007-12-17). "A Major revelation". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/armageddon/history/2007/exclusives/majorrevelation. Retrieved 2007-12-17. 
  127. ^ Tello, Craig (2008-01-22). "Chavo's night". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/ecw/archive/01222008/articles/chavosnight. Retrieved 2008-01-23. 
  128. ^ Rote, Andrew (2008-01-15). "Edge spoils CM Punk's run". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/ecw/archive/01152008/articles/edgespoils. Retrieved 2008-01-24. 
  129. ^ Dee, Louie (2008-01-18). "Champions, contenders and carnage". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/smackdown/archive/01182008/articles/tagteamcarnage. Retrieved 2008-01-24. 
  130. ^ McNamara, Andy (2008-02-16). "Smackdown: Edge pops the question". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2008/02/16/4852328.html. Retrieved 2009-12-10. 
  131. ^ Fishman, Scott (2008-03-31). "A final bow for Flair". The Miami Herald. 
  132. ^ Dee, Louie (2008-04-27). "Second verse, same as the first". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/backlash/history/2008/matches/6347966/. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  133. ^ Dee, Louis (2008-05-02). "Title turmoil". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/smackdown/archive/05022008/articles/titleturmoil. Retrieved 2008-05-03. 
  134. ^ a b Kapur, Bob (2008-05-18). "Judgment Day spoils streak of good shows". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2008/05/18/5609326.html. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  135. ^ a b Mackinder, Matt (2008-05-30). "One Night Stand WWE's best this year". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2008/05/30/5721341.html. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  136. ^ Sitterson, Aubrey (2008-07-01). "A Draft Disaster". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/results/. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  137. ^ Passero, Mitch. "A champion scorned". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/smackdown/archive/07042008/mainarticle. Retrieved 2008-07-12. 
  138. ^ DiFino, Lennie. "SmackDown — Eternal Love?". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/smackdown/results/. Retrieved 2008-07 12. 
  139. ^ Martin, Adam (2008-07-20). "Great American Bash PPV Results – 7/20 – Long Island (HHH & Edge)". WrestleView. http://www.wrestleview.com/news2008/1216608570.shtml. Retrieved 2009-09-28. 
  140. ^ DiFino, Lennie (2008-08-25). "SmackDown: A woman's scorn, a Deadman reborn". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/smackdown/archive/07252008/mainarticle. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  141. ^ Passero, Mitch (2008-08-08). "Edge’s descent into darkness". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/smackdown/results/. Retrieved 2008-08-12. 
  142. ^ DiFino, Lennie (2008-08-17). "Unleashed in Hell". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/summerslam/history/2008/matches/6541940/. Retrieved 2009-02-05. 
  143. ^ Plummer, Dale; Nick Tylwalk (2008-11-24). "Two new world champs at dull Survivor Series". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2008/11/24/7514611.html. Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  144. ^ Watson, Dustin. "The Wrestling Genius: Brotherly history". Observer-Dispatch. 
  145. ^ DiFino, Lennie (2009-01-25). "Hardy's twisted fate brings gold to Edge". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/royalrumble/history/2009/matches/9055494/. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  146. ^ Passero, Mitch (2009-02-15). "Regaining the throne". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/nowayout/matches/9253224/results/. Retrieved 2009-02-28. 
  147. ^ a b c d e Tello, Craig (2009-02-15). "Shameless in Seattle". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www2.wwe.com/shows/nowayout/matches/9229100/results/. Retrieved 2009-02-28. 
  148. ^ Fishman, Scott (2009-04-06). "HBK, Taker strike gold at WWE WrestleMania's silver anniversary". The Miami Herald. 
  149. ^ Passero, Mitch (2009-04-26). "Fueled by hatred and desperation". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/backlash/matches/9808960/results/. Retrieved 2009-04-26. 
  150. ^ Passero, Mitch (2009-05-17). "Game changer". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/judgmentday/matches/9587726/results/. Retrieved 2009-08-10. 
  151. ^ Mackinder, Matt (2009-06-07). "Extreme Rules sees many title changes, but fails to live up to its name". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2009/06/07/9711341.html. Retrieved 2010-04-04. 
  152. ^ Sitterson, Aubrey (2009-06-07). "Game changer". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/archive/06082009/mainarticle. Retrieved 2009-08-10. 
  153. ^ Adkins, Greg (2009-07-28). "Uninvited guests". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/thebash/matches/10535742/results/. Retrieved 2009-08-10. 
  154. ^ Aldren, Mike (2009-06-04). "Edge in serious injury blow". The Sun. http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/sport/wrestling/2517597/WWE-superstar-Edge-hit-by-injury-blow.html. Retrieved 2009-07-06. 
  155. ^ Styles, Joey. "Edge to face surgery". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/inside/news/10773900. Retrieved 2009-07-07. 
  156. ^ Adkins, Greg (2010-02-22). "Taking the bull by the horns". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/archive/02222010/mainarticle. Retrieved 2010-03-29. 
  157. ^ Plummer, Dale and Tylwalk, Nick (2010-03-29). "Undertaker ends Shawn Michaels' career in thrilling rematch to cap off Wrestlemania XXVI". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/WrestleMania26/2010/03/29/13391706.html. Retrieved 2010-04-04. 
  158. ^ "Results: No escape for Chris Jericho". World Wrestling Entertainment. 2010-04-25. http://www.wwe.com/shows/extremerules/history/2010/matches/14169130/. Retrieved 2010-04-26. 
  159. ^ Plummer, Dale (2010-04-26). "Raw: Feeling a draft". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2010/04/26/13731411.html. Retrieved 2010-05-03. 
  160. ^ Hillhouse, Dave (2010-05-01). "Smackdown!: Comings and goings". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2010/05/01/13790226.html. Retrieved 2010-05-03. 
  161. ^ Caldwell, James (2010-05-17). "Caldwell's WWE Raw results 5/17: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of commercial-free Raw - Buzz Aldrin, Bret Hart vs. The Miz". PWTorch. http://www.pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwerawreport/article_41382.shtml. Retrieved 2011-06-09. 
  162. ^ Eck, Kevin (2010-05-24). "Ring Posts: Over the Limit thoughts". The Baltimore Sun. http://weblogs.baltimoresun.com/sports/wrestling/blog/2010/05/over_the_limit_thoughts.html. Retrieved 2010-06-09. 
  163. ^ Eck, Kevin (2010-06-21). "Fatal Fourway thoughts". The Baltimore Sun. http://weblogs.baltimoresun.com/sports/wrestling/blog/2010/06/fatal_fourway_thoughts.html#more. Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
  164. ^ Sokol, Bryan (2010-12-20). "TLC delivers highs, lows and a new champ". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/PPVReports/2010/12/20/16615521.html. Retrieved 2010-12-20. 
  165. ^ Bishop, Matt (2011-04-03). "The Rock costs Cena as The Miz retains at WrestleMania XXVII". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/WrestleMania27/2011/04/03/17863646.html. Retrieved 2011-04-04. 
  166. ^ Plummer, Dale (2011-04-11). "RAW: Edge calls it a career". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/2011/04/11/17958501.html. Retrieved 2011-04-12. 
  167. ^ Meltzer, Dave (2011-04-11). "Major star announces retirement; Extreme Rules main event". Wrestling Observer Newsletter. http://www.f4wonline.com/content/view/20220/. Retrieved 2011-04-12. 
  168. ^ "CUPACH'S WWE SMACKDOWN REPORT 4/15: Look-back to last week's Smackdown - Edge's farewell, battle royal". http://www.pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwesmackdownreport/article_49335.shtml. 
  169. ^ "PARKS' WWE SMACKDOWN REPORT 4/22: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of the show, including Alberto Del Rio's retirement party for Edge". http://www.pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wwesmackdownreport/article_49523.shtml. 
  170. ^ "CALDWELL'S WWE EXTREME RULES PPV RESULTS 5/1: Complete "virtual time" coverage of live PPV - three title changes and a host of gimmick matches". http://www.pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wweppvs/article_49726.shtml. 
  171. ^ Passero, Mitch. "Randy Orton def. Christian in a No Holds Barred Match (New World Heavyweight Champion)". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/summerslam/2011/randy-orton-christian. Retrieved 16 August 2011. 
  172. ^ (English)"Edge video interview in Paris, October 2011". http://www.play3-live.com/news-ps3-wwe-12-notre-interview-dedge-37414.html. 
  173. ^ "The Wrestler Actor Database: Movies about wrestling ... wrestlers in movies". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/Movies/actors.html. Retrieved 2009-06-01. 
  174. ^ "WWF Superstars Edition 2". Weakest Link. NBC Universal. NBC. 2002-03-10.
  175. ^ "Episode #213". Mind of Mencia. Comedy Central. 2006-08-06. 22 minutes in.
  176. ^ a b Martin, Adam. "WWE stars on NBC's 'Deal or No Deal', Howie Mandel + Edge and MadTV". WrestleView. http://www.wrestleview.com/news2006/1172700828.shtml. Retrieved 2009-06-01. 
  177. ^ "Spicy Side Video Library". SpicySide. http://www.spicyside.com/index.aspx. Retrieved 2009-05-01. 
  178. ^ Bright, Mark (2009-03-11). "DVD Review: WWE — Edge: A Decade of Decadence". ifight365.com. http://www.ifight365.com/2009/03/dvd-review-wwe-edge-a-decade-of-decadence-part-1. Retrieved 2009-09-28. 
  179. ^ "WWE Superstar Edge Guest Stars as an "Abnormal" in Season Finale of Syfy's Popular Series "Sanctuary"". The Futon Critic. November 2, 2010. http://www.thefutoncritic.com/news/2010/11/02/wwe-superstar-edge-guest-stars-as-an-abnormal-in-season-finale-of-syfys-popular-series-sanctuary-986304/20101102syfy01/. Retrieved 2 November 2010. 
  180. ^ Ultimate Opportunist pursues new challenges By: Mitch Passero July 14, 2011
  181. ^ J.S. Trzcienski (November 2006). "WWE Superstar Edge goes one on one with canadiens.com". canadiens.com. Hockey Fan Zone. Archived from the original on 2006-10-24. http://web.archive.org/web/20061024073510/http://www.canadiens.com/eng/magazine/thelastword.html. Retrieved 2009-02-26. 
  182. ^ "Edge's Picks". The Hockey News. 2007-04-10. http://www.thehockeynews.com/subchannel/news.html?idNews=24292. Retrieved 2007-04-11. 
  183. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 39. ISBN 0743483472. 
  184. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 192. ISBN 0743483472. 
  185. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 273. ISBN 0743483472. 
  186. ^ https://www.myfloridacounty.com/serv/MyFloridaCounty/ORI/Order
  187. ^ "Jim Ross staying in WWE | The Post and Courier, Charleston SC - News, Sports, Entertainment". Postandcourier.com. 2010-06-06. http://www.postandcourier.com/news/2010/jun/06/jim-ross-staying-wwe/. Retrieved 2011-10-30. 
  188. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 7. ISBN 0743483472. 
  189. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 41. ISBN 0743483472. 
  190. ^ "Edge: A history in ink". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/inside/superstarink/articles/edge. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  191. ^ "Wrestlers allegedly tied to drug ring". Sports Illustrated. CNN. 2007-03-19. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2007/more/03/19/wrestlers/index.html. Retrieved 2007-03-21. 
  192. ^ John Pollack (2007-03-20). "Pro Wrestlers Tied to Steroid Ring". The Fight Network. http://www.thefightnetwork.com/news/wrestling?nid=1336. Retrieved 2007-03-21. 
  193. ^ Copeland, Adam (March 2007). "My new blog (this is the controversial one!!!!)". MySpace. http://myspace.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=blog.view&friendID=107643765&blogID=243887243. Retrieved 2007-03-21. 
  194. ^ "Fourteen wrestlers tied to pipeline". Sports Illustrated (CNN). 2007-08-30. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2007/more/08/30/wrestlers/. Retrieved 2007-08-31. 
  195. ^ Farhi, Paul (2007-09-01). "Pro Wrestling Suspends 10 Linked to Steroid Ring". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/08/31/AR2007083101961.html. Retrieved 2007-09-02. 
  196. ^ "Edge". CageMatch. http://cagematch.de/?id=2&nr=932&gimmick=Edge. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  197. ^ a b Mihaly, John (May 2008). "Edge's Decade of Awesome". WWE 24: 56. 
  198. ^ "World Heavyweight Champion Edge def. Jeff Hardy". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/judgmentday/2009/9587726. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  199. ^ "Fear of the Spear". WWE. http://www.wwe.com/shows/smackdown/archive/02262010/mainarticle. Retrieved 30 June 2011. 
  200. ^ "5/31 WWE in Bowling Green, Ky.: Edge vs. Hardy, Punk vs. Umaga, Bourne vs. Kidd, Ref Armstrong pulls out a dropkick". PW Torch. http://www.pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/Arena_Reports_10/article_32478.shtml. Retrieved 4 July 2011. "Edge cut a promo... He knew that Jeff received a concussion from the top-rope Edgecution Jeff received from Edge at Judgment Day." 
  201. ^ Copeland, Adam (2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 158. ISBN 0743483472. "We [Edge and Christian] became known as 'the chairmen of the WWE' with our illegal finishing move, the Conchairto. Essentially a chair sandwich around our opponents' heads." 
  202. ^ a b c d Caldwell, James. "CALDWELL'S WWE ROYAL RUMBLE PPV RESULTS 1/30: Complete "virtual time" coverage of live PPV - Miz vs. Orton, 40-man Rumble". PW Torch. http://www.pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/wweppvs/article_47247.shtml. Retrieved 4 July 2011. 
  203. ^ a b Keller, Wade. "KELLER'S WWE BACKLASH PPV REPORT 4/27: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of live PPV event". PW Torch. http://www.pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/PPV_Reports_5/article_25416.shtml. Retrieved 4 July 2011. 
  204. ^ Tedesco, Mike (2009-03-04). "Smackdown Results – 3/13/09". WrestleView.com. http://www.wrestleview.com/news2009/1237053908.php. Retrieved 2009-08-05. 
  205. ^ "WWE NEW YEAR'S REVOLUTION FLASHBACK - 6 yrs. ago (01-09-05): Triple H wins Elimination Chamber, terrible undercard, Who's in WWE & TNA in 2011?". PW Torch. http://www.pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/Torch_Feedback_17/article_46632.shtml. Retrieved 4 July 2011. 
  206. ^ Powell, Jason. "Raw: Early Rock vs. Triple H match - 5 Yrs Ago". PW Torch. http://pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/Torch_Flashbacks_19/article_4309.shtml. Retrieved 4 July 2011. 
  207. ^ Keller, Wade. "WWE WRESTLEMANIA 26 RESULTS (Hour 3): Keller's report on Bret-Vince conclusion, Chris Jericho vs. Edge, more". PW Torch. http://www.pwtorch.com/artman2/publish/PPV_Reports_5/article_40230.shtml. Retrieved 4 July 2011. 
  208. ^ "Tables Ladder and Chairs Match". ProWrestling Wikia. http://prowrestling.wikia.com/wiki/Tables_Ladders_and_Chairs_Match. Retrieved 2011-09-135. 
  209. ^ Copeland, Adam (November 2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. WWE Books. p. 104. ISBN 0743483472. 
  210. ^ a b c d "Edge's Title History". World Wrestling Entertainment. Archived from the original on 2010-04-05. http://www.webcitation.org/5olXGYvfn. Retrieved 2009-12-14. 
  211. ^ "World Tag Team Championship history". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/inside/titlehistory/worldtagteam/. Retrieved 2009-02-28. 
  212. ^ "Edge and Rey Mysterio's WWE Tag Team Championship title reign". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/inside/titlehistory/wwetag/330018. Retrieved 2007-11-09. 
  213. ^ "Edge's WWE title history". World Wrestling Entertainment. Archived from the original on 2007-11-11. http://web.archive.org/web/20071111223540/http://www.wwe.com/superstars/smackdown/edge/titlehistory. Retrieved 2007-11-09. 
  214. ^ "Slammy Award Winners". World Wrestling Entertainment. 2008-12-08. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/slammyawards08/. Retrieved 2009-02-05. 
  215. ^ "RAW Results December 13, 2010". World Wrestling Entertainment. http://www.wwe.com/shows/raw/archive/16558124/mainarticle. Retrieved 2010-12-13. 
  216. ^ a b c d Meltzer, Dave (January 26, 2011). "Biggest issue of the year: The 2011 Wrestling Observer Newsletter Awards Issue". Wrestling Observer Newsletter (Campbell, CA): 1–40. ISSN 1083-9593. 

References

  • Copeland, Adam (2004). Adam Copeland on Edge. World Wrestling Entertainment Books. ISBN 978-1416505235. 
  • "2007 Wrestling almanac & book of facts". Wrestling’s historical cards (Kappa Publishing). 2007. 
  • Edge: A Decade of Decadence DVD. World Wrestling Entertainment. 2008. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Edge (Wrestler) — Adam Joseph Copeland Kanada …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • EDGE — (engl. für ‚Rand‘, ‚Kante‘, ‚Schneide‘) steht für: Edge (Texas), eine Stadt in Texas, USA Edge (Organisation), ein amerikanischer Think Tank, Herausgeber des Internetmagazins Edge – The Third Culture, das sich der Vermittlung zwischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edge — (engl. für ‚Rand‘, ‚Kante‘, ‚Schneide‘) steht für: Edge (Texas), eine Stadt in Texas, USA Edge (Zeitschrift), ein Magazin über Computerspiele in englischer und deutscher Ausgabe Edge ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Selwyn Edge… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edge (Adam Copeland) — Adam Copeland Pour les articles homonymes, voir Copeland et Edge …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edge — An edge in common usage denotes a sharp border of a (solid) object.cience and technology* Edge (graph theory), a line segment joining two nodes in a graph * Edge (geometry), a line segment joining two vertices in a polytope * Edge case, a problem …   Wikipedia

  • Straight Edge — [stɻeɪt ɛdʒ] (engl. etwa ‚nüchterner Vorteil‘, wörtlich: ‚gerade Kante‘; auch: straightedge, seltener str8 edge, abgekürzt SE, SxE oder sXe) bezeichnet eine Gegen bzw. Jugendkultur aus dem Bereich des Hardcore Punk. Ihre Anhänger werden als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Over the Edge (1999) — Promotional poster featuring The Undertaker Information Promotion World Wrestling Federation …   Wikipedia

  • Big Show (wrestler) — The Big Show Big Show in Tribute to Troops 2010 Ring name(s) (The) Big Show[1][2] …   Wikipedia

  • Christian (wrestler) — Christian Reso in September 2008 during his time with TNA. Ring name(s) Christian[1] Christian Cage …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Wright (wrestler) — The Goodfather redirects here. For the 1985 drama film, see The Good Father. Charles Wright Ring name(s) Baron Smedly[1] …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.