- Dallas Phase
Dallas peoples moved into southwest Virginia from northeastern Tennessee in the early 13th century. Dallas phase settlements ranged from Holston River to Cobb Island, and up the Nolichucky River and Little Pigeon Creek in Tennessee and along the Clinch River in Virginia.
The Dallas Phase settlements typically have one to three mounds; however, some (40Un11 and 40An44) have no mounds at all. Their society was hierarchical and is characterized by distinctions between nobles and commoners in burial practices. Elites were buried in mounds, unlike the remaining population. Artifacts included shell gorgets, ear pins, and beads.
Dallas Phase sites include the following:
- Fain's Island (40JE1), Jefferson County, Tennessee
- Cox Site (40AN19), Anderson County, Tennessee
- David Davis Site (40HA301), Hamilton County, Tennessee
- Hixon Site (40HA3), Hamilton County, Tennessee
- DeArmond Site (40RE12), Roane County, Tennessee
- Toqua (40MR6), Monroe County, Tennessee
- Bussell Island (40LD17), Loudon County, Tennessee
- Henderson Site (40SV4), Sevier County, Tennessee
- McMahan Indian Mounds (40SV1), Sevier County, Tennessee
- Chiaha, Jefferson County, Tennessee
Overhill Cherokee sites, such as Citico (40Mr7), Hiwassee Old Town (40Pk3), and Chilhowee (40Bt7) have Dallas Phase artifacts; however, the Dallas Phase is associated with ancestral Muscogee Creek peoples.
In the same region, the Hiwassee Island Phase ran from 1000–1250 CE, followed by Early Dallas from 1250–1450 CE. Late Dallas ranged from 1450–1650 CE, which was followed by the Overhill Cherokee and Mouse Creek Phases.
- ^ Sullivan and Prezzano 201
- ^ a b Sullivan and Prezzano 281
- ^ Sullivan and Prezzano 220
- ^ a b Sullivan and Prezzano 208
- ^ Peregrine 49
- ^ Harle 79
- ^ Sullivan and Prezzano 203
- ^ Harle 81
- ^ Sullivan and Prezzano 204
- ^ Sullivan and Prezzano 218
- ^ Harle 7
- ^ Harle 47
- ^ Peregrine 86
- ^ Harle 59
- ^ Sullivan and Prezzano 285
- ^ Harle 50
- Harle, Michaelyn S. "Biological Affinities and the Construction of Cultural Identity for the Proposed Coosa Chiefdom." University of Tennessee. Trace: Tennessee Research and Creative Exchange. 2010.
- Peregrine, Peter Neal. Archaeology of the Mississippian Culture: A Research Guide. Taylor and Francis, 1996. ISBN 0-8153-0336-X.
- Sullivan, Lynne P. and Susan C. Prezzano, eds. Archaeology of the Appalachian Highlands. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2001. ISBN 1-57233-142-9.
Mississippian and related cultures Middle Mississippian· Angel Mounds · Angel Phase · Aztalan State Park · Beasley Mounds Site · Big Eddy Site · Boyd Mounds Site · Brentwood Library Site · Brick Church Mound and Village Site · Cahokia · Castalian Springs · Chucalissa · Cloverdale archaeological site · Dickson Mounds · Dunbar Cave · Fewkes Group Archaeological Site · John Roy Site · Kincaid Mounds · Kuhn Station Site · Marshall Site · Millstone Bluff · Mitchell Site · Monks Mound · Mound Bottom · Murphy Mound Archeological Site · Obion Mounds · Old Town Archaeological Site · Orendorf Site · Prather Site · Rowlandton Mound Site · Sellars Indian Mound · Shiloh Indian Mounds Site · Steed-Kisker culture · Sugarloaf Mound · Swallow Bluff Island Mounds · Tolu Site · Towosahgy · Turk Site · Twin Mounds Site · Wickliffe Mounds South Appalachian
MississippianBottle Creek Indian Mounds · Citico · Dauphin Island · Etowah · Fort Walton Culture · Fort Walton Mound · Garden Creek site · Hickory Ridge Cemetery · Hoojah Branch Site · Jere Shine Site · Lake Jackson Mounds · Leon-Jefferson Culture · Letchworth Mounds · Liddell Archeological Site · Moccasin Bend · Moundville · Muscogee (Creek) · Nacoochee Mound · Ocmulgee · Pisgah Phase · Roods Landing · Town Creek Indian Mound · Velda Mound · Waddells Mill Pond Site
Plaquemine MississippianAnna Site · Emerald Mound Site · Fitzhugh Mounds · Flowery Mound · Foster's Mound · Ghost Site Mounds · Grand Village of the Natchez · Holly Bluff Site · Jaketown Site · Julice Mound · Mangum Mound Site · Mazique Archeological Site · Medora Site · Mott Mounds · Pocahontas Mounds · Routh Mounds · Scott Place Mounds · Transylvania Mounds · Venable Mound · Winterville Site · Caddoan Mississippian Upper Mississippian
Late Mississippian /
ProtohistoricAnhaica · Apalachee Province · Belle Meade Phase · Bussell Island · Caddo · Caborn-Welborn culture · Campbell Site · Chiaha · Citico · Coosa chiefdom · Dallas Phase · de Soto Expedition · Eaker Site · Hovey Lake · Joara · Jordan Mounds · Lamar Phase · Mabila · Menard-Hodges Site · Natchez · Nodena Phase · Parkin Site · Slack Farm · Taensa · Tipton Phase · Toqua (Tennessee) · Tunica · Walls Phase
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