Petroșani


Petroșani
Petroşani
—  Municipality  —
Apartment building

Coat of arms
Petroşani is located in Romania
Petroşani
Location of Petroşani
Coordinates: 45°24′44″N 23°22′24″E / 45.41222°N 23.37333°E / 45.41222; 23.37333Coordinates: 45°24′44″N 23°22′24″E / 45.41222°N 23.37333°E / 45.41222; 23.37333
Country  Romania
County Hunedoara County
Status Municipality
Government
 – Mayor Tiberiu Iacob Ridzi (Democratic Party)
Area
 – Total 195.56 km2 (75.5 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 – Total 45,194
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 – Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.petrosani.ro/

Petroşani (Romanian pronunciation: [petroˈʃanʲ]; German: Petroschen; Hungarian: Petrozsény) is a city in Hunedoara County, Romania, with a population of 45,447 (2002).

Contents

History

The city of Petroşani was founded in the 17th century (around 1640). In 1720, an Austrian cartographer mentions that the entire Jiu Valley was intensly populated and settlements could be seen from one end to the other.

During the 1818 census, Petroşani had 233 inhabitants, while the entire Valley counted 2550. During this time, the main activity of the people was shepherding and no urban settlement had appeared yet.

Around 1840 coal surface mining began in Petroşani, Vulcan and Petrila.

The population encountered a massive increase only in the 20th century during the communist regime, as many workers were brought in from other parts of the country.

Geography

Petroşani is located in the Jiu Valley, which is the entrance to the Retezat National Park and provides access to the Vâlcan, Parâng and Retezat mountains. The city administers four villages: Dâlja Mare, Dâlja Mică, Peştera and Slătinioara.

Landmarks

  • Sfinţii Arhangeli Church ("Holy Archangels Church"), built in the 18th century.
  • The "I. G. Duca" school, built in 1935
  • The Hungarian school - built in 1873 by Germans and inhabited by a group of 50 Catholic nuns from a monastery near Munich
  • The Old Theater, built in 1886
  • The Lutheran Church, built between 1892 and 1896
  • The Mining Museum, built in 1900
  • The actual Sports School building, built in 1919
  • The "I. D. Sîrbu" Theater Hall, built in 1905
  • The Justice Court building, built in 1910
  • The actual Students theater, built in 1922
  • The Unitarian Church, built between 1924 and 1928
  • The University of Petroşani, built in 1948
  • The Jiul Shopping Center, re-opened in December 2007 after renovation, initially built in the early 1980s

Social events

The following social events take place in Petroşani:

  • the Dramatic Theater offers a wide variety of performance every week
  • the annual international folklore festival
  • the Folk Music Festival Cântecul Adâncului... ("Song of the Deep")
  • artistic summer camps organized by the Petroşani University
  • art, numismatic and caricatures exhibitions
  • piano and violin recitals, offered by the Music School
  • the Petroşani Days festival, usually organized in autumn
  • the annual Underground Valley Graffiti Fest

Demographics

At the 2002 census, 89.4% of inhabitants were Romanians, 8.4% Hungarians, 1.2% Roma and 0.6% Germans. 83.3% were Romanian Orthodox, 7.2% Roman Catholic, 3.7% Reformed, 2.2% Pentecostal, 0.9% belonged to another religion and 0.8% Greek-Catholic.

See also

External links

  • Jiu Valley Portal - the regional portal host of the official Petrosani municipal website

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Petrosani — Petroşani Petroschen (Steinthal) Petrozsény …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Petroșani — Petroschen (Steinthal) Petrozsény …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Petrosani — Petroşani Petroşani Judeţ de Hunedoara (Roumanie) Statut : Municipalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Petroșani — Petroșani …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Petroşani —   [petrɔ ʃanj], ungarisch Petrozsény [ pɛtroʒeːɲ], Stadt im Kreis Hunedoara, im Südwesten Rumäniens, 650 m über dem Meeresspiegel, in der Petroşanisenke der Südkarpaten, 53 100 Einwohner; TU, Institut für Kohleforschung, Bergbaumuseum; Bau von… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Petroşani — Infobox Settlement subdivision type = Country subdivision name = ROU timezone=EET utc offset=+2 timezone DST=EEST utc offset DST=+3 map caption = Location of Petroşani |official name=Petroşani pushpin pushpin label position = pushpin map caption …   Wikipedia

  • Petroşani — /* */ Petroşani …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Petroșani — ▪ Romania       city, Hunedoara județ (county), west central Romania, situated on a tributary of the Jiu River. Founded in the 17th century, it is the principal city and cultural centre for the upper Jiu Valley coalfield. It has a theatre and a… …   Universalium

  • Petroşani — Diese Schreibung ist obsolet. Das Stichwort ist unter „Petroșani“ zu finden. In der rumänischen Orthographie finden statt der Buchstaben Şş und Ţţ die Buchstaben Șș und Țț Anwendung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Petrosani — Original name in latin Petroani Name in other language Petrosani, Petroseni, Petroshani, Petrozseny, Petrozsny, Petroani, Petroeni, Pietrosani, Pietroani, Петрошани State code RO Continent/City Europe/Bucharest longitude 45.41667 latitude… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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