Dalem Seganing

This article is part of the
History of Indonesia series
History of Indonesia.png
See also:
Timeline of Indonesian History
Prehistory
Early kingdoms
Kutai (4th century)
Tarumanagara (358–669)
Kalingga (6th–7th century)
Srivijaya (7th–13th centuries)
Sailendra (8th–9th centuries)
Sunda Kingdom (669–1579)
Medang Kingdom (752–1045)
Kediri (1045–1221)
Singhasari (1222–1292)
Majapahit (1293–1500)
The rise of Muslim states
Spread of Islam (1200–1600)
Sultanate of Ternate (1257–present)
Malacca Sultanate (1400–1511)
Sultanate of Demak (1475–1548)
Aceh Sultanate (1496–1903)
Sultanate of Banten (1526–1813)
Mataram Sultanate (1500s–1700s)
European colonization
The Portuguese (1512–1850)
Dutch East India Co. (1602–1800)
Dutch East Indies (1800–1942)
The emergence of Indonesia
National awakening (1908–1942)
Japanese occupation (1942–45)
National revolution (1945–50)
Independent Indonesia
Liberal democracy (1950–57)
Guided Democracy (1957–65)
Start of the New Order (1965–66)
The New Order (1966–98)
Reformasi era (1998–present)
v · d · e

Dalem Seganing was a king of Bali who reigned in the first half of the 17th century, his exact dating being still uncertain. He belonged to a dynasty which originated from Majapahit on Java, and ruled from the palace (puri) of Gelgel.

Contents

Accession to the throne

Dalem Seganing is briefly mentioned as king in the religious texts Usana Bali and Rajapurana Besakih. However, most of the surviving details of his reign come from the Babad Dalem, a chronicle from the 18th century.[1] He was the younger son of the Gelgel ruler Dalem Baturenggong and the daughter of Dukuh Seganing. He loyally supported his elder brother, king Dalem Bekung, whose reign was beset by rebellions and abortive warfare. According to some versions he took royal powers even before the death of his incapable brother.[2] He might have been the Balinese king who met the first Dutch visitors to the island in 1597. Dalem Seganing was assisted in his reign by two chief ministers, the brothers Kiyayi Agung and Kiyayi Ler (Lor). The latter is possibly identical with 'Kijloer', the supreme Balinese minister at the time of the 1597 visit. According to a Dutch text, "This Kijloer is, besides the king, the uppermost of the entire Island of Bali, and no-one may come to the king in the palace as he wishes, except this Kijloer".[3]

Reign

The reign of Dalem Seganing was briefly troubled by a rebellion by the nobleman Pinatih, an event dated in 1605 by a Balinese text. However, the minister Kiyayi Agung was able to persuade Pinatih to lay down arms. For the rest, the chronicles praise the age of Dalem Seganing as peaceful and successful.[4] His death is dated 1623 in a text, but it has also been suggested that he died in 1651. He had 14 sons of whom Dalem Di Made succeeded to the throne.[5] In the late historical text Babad Buleleng (1920), the founder of the Buleleng kingdom in North Bali, Gusti Panji Sakti, is claimed to be a son of Dalem Seganing.[6] The same paternity is claimed for Dewa Manggis I, the ancestor of the kings of Gianyar.[7]

External threats and trade relations

From external, in particular Dutch sources, it can be seen that the Gelgel kingdom on Bali was relatively stable and powerful in the first half of the 17th century. The rulers claimed a loose suzerainty over Blambangan in East Java, Lombok, and Sumbawa. However, the warlike activities of the Makassar kingdom of South Sulawesi deprived the Gelgel ruler of his interests in Sumbawa in c. 1618-19, and jeopardized his hold on Lombok.[8] The Dutch East Indies Company (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie or VOC) was interested in Bali for economic and strategical reasons, as being a Hindu realm that was opposed to the Muslim Mataram kingdom on Java. Among the items coveted by the VOC were rice, cattle and slave women, and a trading post was briefly established in c. 1620. It was quickly withdrawn, though, and Balinese trade with the outside world was henceforth carried out by Dutch private traders, Chinese, and various Indonesian groups.[9]

See also

  • History of Bali
  • List of monarchs of Bali
  • Gelgel, Indonesia

References

  1. ^ I Wayan Warna, Babad Dalem; Teks dan Terjemahan. Denpasar: Dinas Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Daerah Tingkat I Bali.
  2. ^ I B. Rai Putra, Babad Dalem. Denpasar: Upada Sastra 1991, p. 59.
  3. ^ V.E. Korn, Het adatrecht van Bali. 's-Gravenhage: Naeff 1932, p. 34.
  4. ^ C.C. Berg, De middeljavaansche historische traditië. Santpoort: Mees 1927, pp. 156-7.
  5. ^ H. Creese, 'Balinese Babad as Historical Sources', Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 147 1991.
  6. ^ P. Worsley, Babad Buleleng; A Balinese Dynastic Genealogy. The Hague: M. Nijhoff.
  7. ^ Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung, Kenangan Masa Lampau. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia 1993, p. 5-6.
  8. ^ H.J. de Graaf, 'Lombok in de 17e eeuw', Djåwå 21 1941.
  9. ^ W.A. Hanna, Bali Chronicles. Singapore: Periplus 2004, p. 39.

Further reading

  • Adrian Vickers, Bali, A Paradise Created. Singapore: Periplus 1989.
Preceded by
Dalem Bekung
King of Bali
c. 1580-1623
Succeeded by
Dalem Di Made

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dalem Bekung — This article is part of the History of Indonesia series See also: Timeline of Indonesian History Prehistory Early kingdoms …   Wikipedia

  • Dalem Di Made — This article is part of the History of Indonesia series See also: Timeline of Indonesian History Prehistory Early kingdoms …   Wikipedia

  • Dalem Baturenggong — This article is part of the History of Indonesia series See also: Timeline of Indonesian History Prehistory Early kingdoms …   Wikipedia

  • Liste de souverains de Bali — La liste des souverains de Bali ci après donne les nom, titre, dates de règne et filiation des rois ou rajas de l île de Bali dans l archipel indonésien. Elle présente en premier lieu les souverains de l ensemble de l île puis les rajas des états …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dewa Cawu — (died April or May 1673) was a prince on the Island of Bali, who possibly reigned as king for a short while in the 1650s. He belonged to a dynasty that claimed descent from the Hindu Javanese Majapahit Empire, and kept its palace (puri) in Gelgel …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.