Romanus (exarch)

Romanus (died 596 or 597) was Exarch of Ravenna (589-596/7).

In 589 he became Exarch in place of the discredited Smaragdus. [Paul the Deacon (3.26). "History of the Lombards", translated by William Dudley Foulke, 1907 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1974), p. 133] In his first year Romanus recovered the cities of Modena, Reggio, Parma, Piacenza, Altinum, and Mantua from the Lombards. [As described in the "Liber Pontificalis". Raymond Davis (translator), "The Book of Pontiffs (Liber Pontificalis)", first edition (Liverpool: University of Liverpool Press, 1989), p. 61.]

In 592 Pope Gregory I appealed to the Exarch for help in assisting Naples, then under Lombard attack, but Romanus thought it more prudent to remain in central Italy. The Pope was forced to make peace with the Duchy of Spoleto to save Naples. [R.A. Markus, "Gregory the Great and His World" (Cambridge: University Press, 1997), p. 102f] Shortly afterwards, the Lombards occupied Perugia, causing Romanus to send an army to retake Umbria. [Paul the Deacon (4.8). Foulke however dates this to 594, while noting that the historian Thomas Hodgkin dates this to 593 ("History of the Lombards", p. 155n .2)] The Lombard King Agilulf, noticing this, crossed into central Italy and even threatened Rome. Frustrated with the lack of support he received from the Exarch (R.A. Markus describes him as a "large thorn in Gregory's side"), [Markus, "Gregory the Great", p. 105] the Pope tried to circumvent Romanus' authority by appealing to the Byzantine Emperor Maurice in 595, but this proved fruitless, given the fact that Maurice saw more emphasis in maintaining a link between Ravenna and the Balkans, where he kept the Avars and Slavs at bay.

Romanus died soon after this, and was succeeded by Callinicus, who proved to be more conciliatory to Pope Gregory.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Romanus (Exarch) — Romanus war ein oströmischer Patricius und Exarch von Ravenna von 589/590 bis 595/597. Romanus folgte Smaragdus im Exarchat 589/590. Die Schismatiker behaupteten in einem Brief, den sie Anfang 591 an den Kaiser richteten, die günstige Lage in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Romanus — (der Römische) ist der Eigenname folgender Personen: Romanus (Samosata), Märtyrer im 3. Jahrhundert Romanus von Cäsarea († 303) Romanus (Statthalter), römischer Statthalter in Afrika (4. Jh.) Romanus (Usurpator) († 470), weströmischer Usurpator… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kallinikos (Exarch) — Callinicus (griechisch Kallinikos Καλλίνικος) war ein oströmischer Patricius und von 596/597 bis 602/603 Exarch von Ravenna. Callinicus war der Nachfolger des Romanus und ist das erste Mal im Juni 597 als Exarch bezeugt. Er ist der Empfänger von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Smaragdos (Exarch) — Smaragdus war ein oströmischer Patricius und Exarch von Ravenna von 584/585 bis 589/590 sowie von 603 bis 608 (?). Der kaiserliche Hofbeamte und Eunuch Smaragdus ersetzte im Jahr 584/585 im Auftrag des Kaisers Maurikios seinen Vorgänger Decius.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Romanos (Exarch) — Romanus war ein oströmischer Patricius und Exarch von Ravenna von 589/590 bis 595/597. Romanus folgte Smaragdus im Exarchat 589/590. Die Schismatiker behaupteten in einem Brief, den sie Anfang 591 an den Kaiser richteten, die günstige Lage in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Callinicus (Exarch) — Callinicus (griechisch Kallinikos Καλλίνικος) war ein oströmischer Patricius und von 596/597 bis 602/603 Exarch von Ravenna. Callinicus war der Nachfolger des Romanus und ist das erste Mal im Juni 597 als Exarch bezeugt. Er ist der Empfänger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Rom — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ariulf of Spoleto — Ariulf (died 602) was the second duke of Spoleto from 592 (the death of Faroald [The dates of Ariulf s reign are either 591 ndash;601 or 592 ndash;602.] ) to his own death. In 592, Ariulf, whose position at Spoleto and control of key points along …   Wikipedia

  • Gregory I —     Pope St. Gregory I ( the Great )     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Gregory I ( the Great )     Doctor of the Church; born at Rome about 540; died 12 March 604. Gregory     is certainly one of the most notable figures in Ecclesiastical… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope St. Gregory I (the Great) —     Pope St. Gregory I ( the Great )     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Gregory I ( the Great )     Doctor of the Church; born at Rome about 540; died 12 March 604. Gregory     is certainly one of the most notable figures in Ecclesiastical… …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.