The Rasulid was a
Muslim dynastythat ruled Yemenand Hadhramautfrom 1229to 1454. The Rasulids assumed power after the Egyptian Ayyubid left the southern provinces of the Arabian Peninsula.
The Rasulid descended from Rasul (his real name is Muhammad ibn Harun) whos lineage could be traced back to
Jabalah ibn al-Aihamthe last Ghassanid king, and they were mistakenly identified as Turkmen because their Turkic language Rasul gained living in the land of the Turks. Rasul came to Yemen around 1180while serving as a messenger for an Abbasid caliph. His son Ali was governor of Meccafor a time, and his grandson Umar bin Ali was the first sultanof the Rasulid dynasty.
"Rasūl" is Arabic for "messenger" (although in this context it does not carry the Islamic prophet significance); during their reign, however, the Rasulids claimed to be descendants of the legendary
*Dresch, P., Tribes, Government, and History in Yemen. Oxford, 1989.
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