Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party
Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party Chairman Ken Martin Senate leader Tom Bakk House leader Paul Thissen Founded April 15, 1944 Headquarters 255 Plato Blvd E
Saint Paul, MN 55107-1623
Ideology Populism National affiliation Democratic Party Official colors Blue Seats in the Upper House Seats in the Lower House Website www.dfl.org Politics of the United States
The Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party (DFL) is a major political party in the state of Minnesota and the state affiliate of the Democratic Party. It was created on April 15, 1944, with the merger of the Minnesota Democratic Party and the Farmer–Labor Party. Leading the merger effort were Elmer Kelm, the head of the Minnesota Democratic Party and founding chairman of the DFL party; Elmer Benson, effectively the head of the Farmer-Labor Party by virtue of his leadership of its dominant left-wing faction; and rising star Hubert H. Humphrey, who chaired the Fusion Committee that accomplished the union and then went on to chair its first state convention. Members of the party are frequently referred to as "DFLers".
Orville Freeman was elected the state's first DFL governor in 1954. Important members of the party have included Minneapolis mayor Hubert H. Humphrey and Minnesota Attorney General Walter Mondale, who each went on to be United States Senators, Vice Presidents of the United States, and unsuccessful Democratic nominees for president, Humphrey in 1968 and Mondale in 1984; Eugene McCarthy, a Senator who ran for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1968 as an anti-Vietnam War candidate; and Paul Wellstone, a Senator from 1991–2002 who became an icon of populist progressivism. The party's headquarters are in Saint Paul.
Candidates in 2010
- Shelley Madore for U.S. Representative (2nd district) (lost)
- Jim Meffert for U.S. Representative (3rd district) (lost)
- Tarryl Clark for U.S. Representative (6th district) (lost)
- Mark Ritchie for Minnesota Secretary of State (won)
- Rebecca Otto for Minnesota State Auditor (won)
- Lori Swanson for Minnesota Attorney General (won)
- Tim Walz for U.S. Representative (1st district) (won)
- Betty McCollum for U.S. Representative (4th district) (won)
- Keith Ellison for U.S. Representative (5th district) (won)
- Collin Peterson for U.S. Representative (7th district) (won)
- Jim Oberstar for U.S. Representative (8th district) (lost)
Current elected officials
Members of Congress
U.S. House of Representatives
- (1st district) – Tim Walz
- (4th district) – Betty McCollum
- (5th district) – Keith Ellison
- (7th district) – Collin Peterson
- Governor: Mark Dayton
- Lieutenant Governor: Yvonne Prettner Solon
- Attorney General: Lori Swanson
- State Auditor: Rebecca Otto
- Secretary of State: Mark Ritchie
- Chair – Ken Martin
- Associate Chair – Marge Hoffa
- Treasurer – Tom Hamilton
- Secretary – Jacob Grippen
- Affirmative Action Officer – Eric Margolis
- Republican Party of Minnesota
- Independence Party of Minnesota
- Political party strength in Minnesota
- United States presidential election, 1968
- United States presidential election, 1984
- ^ Loughlin, Sean (2002-08-25). "Wellstone Made Mark as a Liberal Champion". CNN Washington Bureau. http://archives.cnn.com/2002/ALLPOLITICS/10/25/elec02.mn.s.wellstone.obit. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
- Delton, Jennifer A. Making Minnesota Liberal: Civil Rights and the Transformation of the Democratic Party. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2002.
- Haynes, John Earl. Farm Coops and the Election of Hubert Humphrey to the Senate. Agricultural History 57, no. 2 (Fall 1983).
- Haynes, John Earl. Dubious Alliance: The Making of Minnesota's DFL Party. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984.
- Henrickson, Gary P. Minnesota in the 'McCarthy' Period": 1946–1954. Ph.D. diss. University of Minnesota, 1981.
- Lebedoff, David. The 21st Ballot: A Political Party Struggle in Minnesota. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1969.
- Lebedoff, David. Ward Number Six. New York: Scribner, 1972. Discusses the entry of radicals into the DFL party in 1968.
- Mitau, G. Theodore. The Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party Schism of 1948. Minnesota History 34 (Spring 1955).
Minnesota political parties Major Minor Defunct
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