1990–95 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons

The 1990–1995 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons ran year-round from 1 July to 30 June during each year between 1990 and 1995. Tropical cyclone activity in the Southern Hemisphere reaches its peak from mid-February to early March.

Contents

1990–91 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season

1991–92 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season

Tropical Cyclone Fran

Storm path

While out at sea, Fran reached the powerful Category 5 equivalent on the Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale. Eventually, as a Category 2 system, Fran crossed the coast near 1770, Queensland on 16 March 1992. Having crossed the coast a first time, Fran turned to the south-east and crossed the coast again, at Fraser Island, before heading back out to sea. The cyclone damaged houses in Bundaberg and extensively damaged a marina complex at Burnett Heads. The Kolan and Burnett rivers suffered major flooding. No deaths were attributed to this cyclone.

Severe Tropical Cyclone Ian

Category 5 severe tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Category 4 tropical cyclone (SSHS)
Duration 27 February – 4 March
Intensity 210 km/h (130 mph) (10-min), 930 mbar (hPa)

A Category 4 stuck Western Australia in March 1992 causing minimal damage. [2]

Tropical Cyclone Neville

Storm path

Struck Tiwi Islands in April 1992 leaving only minor damage. [3]

Other tropical cyclones

The following tropical cyclones also occurred within the 1991–1992 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season: [4]

Storm path
  • Graham, 2 to 10 December 1991, Indian Ocean
Storm path
  • Alexandra, 20 to 25 December 1991, Indian Ocean
Storm path
  • Bryna, 30 December 1991 to 2 January 1992, crossed Madagascar

Tropical Cyclone Mark

Category 2 tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Category 2 tropical cyclone (SSHS)
Clockwise vortex
Duration 7 January – 10 January
Intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min), 980 mbar (hPa)
Storm path
  • Celesta, 11 to 13 February 1992, Indian Ocean
Storm path
  • Davilia, 23 to 24 February 1992, Indian Ocean

Severe Tropical Cyclone Harriet

Category 5 severe tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Category 4 tropical cyclone (SSHS)
Duration 24 February – 9 March
Intensity 210 km/h (130 mph) (10-min), 930 mbar (hPa)

Severe Tropical Cyclone Ian

Category 4 severe tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Category 4 tropical cyclone (SSHS)
Duration 27 February – 7 March
Intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (10-min), 925 mbar (hPa)
Storm path
  • Farida, 26 February to 3 March 1992, Indian Ocean
Storm path
  • Gerda, 27 to 28 February, Indian Ocean
Storm path
  • Jane/Irna, 8 to 18 April 1992, Indian Ocean

1992–93 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season

Tropical Cyclone Nina

Nina formed on December 23, 1992, the storm reached Category 1 status before making landfall in northern Queensland, then Nina moved eastward, reaching Category 3 status before becoming extratropical on January 2, 1993. [5]

Tropical Cyclone Kina

Storm path

Formed on 26 December 1992 over the Pacific Ocean, north of Fiji's main Island, Viti Levu. Tracked towards the capital, Suva, where it caused significant damage and reports of casualties [6]. The main bridge and secondary bridge to the international airport at Nadi collapsed and subsequently delayed the evacuation of tourists from the island, with emergency ferry services forced to ferry passengers from buses waiting on either side of the river bank.

Throughout Fiji, 23 people were killed and damage amounted to $100 million.[1]

Tropical Cyclone Adel

Storm path

Adel lasted from 13–16 May 1993. During its life, it passed over Bougainville Island and near Goodenough Island, leaving two drowned and a total of at least 15 missing. Leaves were blown from trees, and 345 houses were destroyed, along with a radio tower that was bent over.[7]

Other tropical cyclones

The following tropical cyclones also occurred within the 1992–1993 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season: [8]

Storm path
  • Aviona, 27 September to 1 October 1992, Indian Ocean
Storm path
  • Babie, 18 to 21 October 1992, Indian Ocean
Storm path
  • Joni, 6 to 12 December 1992, Pacific Ocean
Storm path
  • Ken, 19 to 23 December 1992, Indian Ocean
Storm path
  • Colina, 14 to 21 January 1993, Indian Ocean
Storm path
  • Dessilia, 20 to 21 January 1993, crossed Madagascar
Storm path
  • Edwina, 20 to 29 January 1993, Indian Ocean
Storm path
  • Lena, 24 to 29 January 1993, off Western Australia
Storm path
  • Lin, 31 January to 4 February 1993, Pacific Ocean
Storm path
  • Oliver, 4 to 12 February 1993, off Queensland
Storm path
  • Mick, 5 to 9 February 1993, Pacific Ocean
Storm path
  • Nisha, 12 to 16 February 1993, Pacific Ocean
Storm path
  • Finella, 13 to 15 February 1993, near Madagascar
Storm path
  • Oli, 16 to 18 February 1993, Pacific Ocean
Storm path
  • Polly, 25 February to 3 March 1993, Pacific Ocean
Storm path
  • Roger, 12 to 18 March 1993, Pacific Ocean
Storm path
  • Prema, 27 March to 1 April 1993, Pacific Ocean
Storm path
  • Jourdanne, 3 to 9 April 1993, Indian Ocean
Storm path
  • Monty, 10 to 12 April 1993, near Western Australia
Storm path
  • Konita, 2 to 7 May 1993, Indian Ocean

1993–94 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season

Tropical Cyclone Naomi

Duration 15 December – 18 December
Intensity Winds unknown, Unknown

Naomi was the first cyclone of the 1993/94 season. Forming early on 15 December 1993, the storm moved south and strengthened into a Category 3 before making landfall.[2] There was moderate damage and a fishing boat was disabled during the storm. There were no deaths.

Tropical Cyclone Oscar

Storm path

Cyclone Oscar was a weak system, and only barely reached cyclone strength on 3 January 1994 for about a 12 hour period. It moved on a generally westsouthwest course parallel to the Kimberley and Pilbara coasts. [9]

Tropical Cyclone Pearl

Storm path

Tropical Cyclone Pearl developed off the northwest Kimberley coast on 11 January 1994 and moved westwards as a very small but severe Category 3 cyclone covering a distance of more than 4000 km, before finally dissipating in the Central Indian Ocean on the 22nd. [10]

Tropical Cyclone Quenton

Storm path

Tropical Cyclone Quenton began as a tropical low to the east of Christmas Island on 23 January 1994. The low moved slowly west, then on 25 January intensified to cyclone strength and moved southward across the Indian Ocean. By early on the 27th the cyclone had dissipated. [11]

Tropical Cyclone Sharon

Tropical Cyclone Sharon was the most intense cyclone in the Western Australian region during the 1993/94 season. It formed about 1100 km north of Northwest Cape on 13 March 1994, then rapidly intensified during the 14th while moving on a southsouthwest path towards the west Pilbara coast. During the 16th the cyclone rapidly weakened due to movement into a region of strong westerly wind shear. Cyclone warnings were issued for the west Pilbara and upper west coast on the 16th but were cancelled on the morning of the 17th Continued shearing and subsequent movement over cooler waters weakened the storm to below cyclone strength by the morning of the 18th. [12]

Tropical Cyclone Tim

Tropical Cyclone Tim was a very small weak system that moved on a generally westward path from south of Sumatra to the Cocos Islands from 30 March to 1 April 1994. It passed about 100 km to the south of Christmas Island but its effects, other than a wind shift, were barely recognisable on the Island. [13]

Tropical Cyclone Vivienne

Storm path

Tropical Cyclone Vivienne formed from a tropical low that had moved westward across the Timor Sea. It intensified rapidly during the afternoon and night of 7 April 1994, reaching maximum intensity on 8 April when it was located 550 km to the northnorthwest of Broome. Its development from here on was hampered by vertical wind shear and Vivienne moved on a generally westsouthwest path parallel to, but well offshore from, the Western Australian coastline. It dissipated on 11 April and no watches or warnings were issued. [14]

Tropical Cyclone Willy

Storm path

Willy was a Category 1 cyclone lasting from 28 to 30 April 1994 that passed about 80 km west of the Cocos Islands. [15]

Tropical Cyclone Rewa

Category 5 severe tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Category 4 tropical cyclone (SSHS)
Duration 26 December – 23 January
Intensity 205 km/h (125 mph) (10-min), 905 mbar (hPa)

Cyclone Rewa formed on 26 December 1993. It looped around the Coral Sea for almost a month, crossed New Caledonia and the Solomon Island, and dissipated on 21 January. Rewa was the longest-lived South Pacific tropical cyclone on record, lasting 25 days, from 26 December to 21 January.

Intense Tropical Cyclone Geralda

Intense tropical cyclone (MFR)
Category 5 tropical cyclone (SSHS)
Duration 26 January – 5 February
Intensity 205 km/h (125 mph) (10-min), 905 mbar (hPa)

Part of a spree of four powerful cyclones to impact Madagascar this year, Geralda killed 200 people and left half a million homeless as it made landfall on the island in early February.

Tropical Cyclone Hollanda

Storm path

Named shortly after Geralda was dissipating, Hollanda, a category 4 cyclone was the most devastating tropical cyclone to have hit the island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean since tropical cyclone Gervaise in 1975. The cyclone passed 10 km to the west of Mauritius on February 10, 1994. The island was seriously affected, with winds of over 160 km/h (100 mph) and torrential rains (an average of 400mm for the island). The maximum gusts speed recorded was 218 km/h when Hollanda was at its closest to the country, earning a warning cyclone class 4 (the maximum). A warning cyclone class 4 is issued by the Mauritian Meteorological Services when gusts speeds of the order of 120 km/h is being recorded on the island and is expected to continue. On the Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale, Hollanda reached category 4 (winds speeds of 210–249 km/h). Some sources issued that tropical cyclone Hollanda could have exceeded the gusts speed of 216 km/h and reached about 300 km/h in Port Louis due to the considerable damage caused in the northern part of the island. In the capital city, some concrete buildings were severely damaged and a construction tower crane collapsed. The Mauritius Meteorological Services rejected that Hollanda could have peak to a category 5 or a very intense tropical cyclone with gusts of 280–300 km/h. During the cyclone, three people died by a falling tree, 50% of the telephone system was down, electrical power was nearly completely out, 50% of sugar plantation was destroyed, many vegetables fields were devastated, 1500 people became homeless and concrete buildings were moderately damaged. Major roads were blocked by trees and landslides. The estimated damaged caused by the cyclone was USD 135.4 million.[16][17][18]

Tropical Cyclone Nadia

Storm path

The last of the spree of devastating Madagascar cyclones, Nadia made landfall in Madagascar in late March. After crossing the northern tip of the island, Nadia impacted Mozambique before returning to the Mozambique channel and finally dissipating. Nadia killed dozens in Madagascar. It claimed around 200 more lives in Mozambique and left over one million people homeless.

Tropical Cyclone Alexina

Storm path

Tropical Cyclone Bettina

Storm path

Tropical Cyclone Cecilia

Storm path

Tropical Cyclone Daisy

Storm path

Tropical Cyclone Edmea

Storm path

Tropical Cyclone Farah

Storm path

Tropical Cyclone Ivy

Storm path

Tropical Cyclone Julita

Tropical Cyclone Kelvina

Storm path

Tropical Cyclone Litanne

Storm path

Tropical Cyclone Mariola

Storm path

Tropical Cyclone Odille

Storm path

Tropical Depression 29P

Tropical depression (SSHS)
Clockwise vortex
Duration April 24 – April 25
Intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min), 1000 mbar (hPa)

On April 20, the JTWC started to monitor an area of low pressure that located over the Solomon Islands about 155 km (95 mi) to the north of Honiara.[3] During that day the disturbance moved towards the southeast and passed over several of the Solomon Islands, before emerging into the Australian basin.[3] Over the next couple of days the disturbance gradually developed further while moving towards the southwest before re-curving and moving southeastwards.[3] On April 24, as it moved back into the South Pacific basin, the JTWC initiated advisories on the disturbance, designating it as Tropical Cyclone 29P, with peak windspeeds equivalent to a tropical depression.[3][4] As the system was classified, it recurved again and started to move slowly towards the northwest, and started to feel the effects of a hgih amount of vertical windshear.[3][4] As a result of the windshear, the center became exposed and displaced from the deep convection before the JTWC issued their final advisory on April 25 as 29P weakened into an area of low pressure, before dissipating later that day about 600 km (370 mi) to the southwest of Honiara.[3][4]

1994–95 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season

Australian region

Tropical Cyclone Annette

Category 4 severe tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Category 5 tropical cyclone (SSHS)
Duration 10 December – 20 December
Intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (10-min), 925 mbar (hPa)

Annette formed on 15 December 1994. The storm moved southeastward while intensifying to a Category 4 cyclone. Annette made landfall at Mandora Station on 18 December. There was considerable damage to homes and crops and about a 1,000 cattle were lost in the storm.[19]

Tropical Cyclone Bobby

Category 4 severe tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Category 5 tropical cyclone (SSHS)
Duration 18 February – 27 February
Intensity 180 km/h (115 mph) (10-min), 930 mbar (hPa)

Severe Tropical Cyclone Bobby, a Category 4 cyclone with estimated winds up to 270 km/hour near the centre, crossed the Western Australian Pilbara coast to the east of Onslow between midnight and 0100 on the 25 February 1995. Seven lives were lost when two fishing trawlers were sunk off the coast from Onslow. A bulk ore carrier also ran aground in the cyclone. There was very minor property damage reported from the Karratha area and approximately 20 houses in Onslow suffered superficial roofing damage. Cyclone Bobby also brought heavy rains and extensive flooding to the south of the Pilbara area, which damaged roads, bridges and crops and seriously affected mining production. A motorist was drowned inland from Carnarvon while attempting to cross a flooded creek.[5][6][7]

Tropical Cyclone Chloe

Category 5 severe tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Category 5 tropical cyclone (SSHS)
Duration 29 March – 9 April
Intensity 200 km/h (125 mph) (10-min), 925 mbar (hPa)

The third major cyclone to strike Australia. Cyclone Chloe reached Category 5 status before making landfall in the uninhabited section of the coast of the Kimberley region of Western Australia on 7 April 1995. The storm dissipated well inland.[20]

Other tropical cyclones

The following tropical cyclones also occurred within the 1994–1995 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season: [21]

Category 3 severe tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHS)
Duration 28 February – 9 March
Intensity 135 km/h (85 mph) (10-min), 960 mbar (hPa)
  • Violet, 3 to 7 March 1995, Category 3 in Pacific Ocean
Storm path
  • Warren, 5 to 6 March 1995, Gulf of Carpentaria
Storm path
  • Agnes, 17 to 22 April 1995, Category 3 near Cape York, Queensland

South-West Indian Ocean

Intense Tropical Cyclone Albertine

Intense tropical cyclone (MFR)
Category 4 tropical cyclone (SSHS)
Duration 21 November – 3 December
Intensity 175 km/h (110 mph) (10-min), 925 mbar (hPa)

Moderate Tropical Storm Bentha

Moderate tropical storm (MFR)
Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration 3 January – 6 January
Intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min), 984 mbar (hPa)

Moderate Tropical Storm Christelle

Moderate tropical storm (MFR)
Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration 6 January – 9 January
Intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min), 980 mbar (hPa)

Intense Tropical Cyclone Dorina

Intense tropical cyclone (MFR)
Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHS)
Duration 20 January – 29 January
Intensity 175 km/h (110 mph) (10-min), 925 mbar (hPa)

Severe Tropical Storm Fodah

Severe tropical storm (MFR)
Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration 24 January – 26 January
Intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min), 970 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Cyclone Gail

Tropical cyclone (MFR)
Category 1 tropical cyclone (SSHS)
Duration 5 February – 11 February
Intensity 140 km/h (85 mph) (10-min), 975 mbar (hPa)

Moderate Tropical Storm Heida

Moderate tropical storm (MFR)
Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration 5 February – 7 February
Intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min), 990 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Cyclone Ingrid

Tropical cyclone (MFR)
Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHS)
Duration 24 February – 1 March
Intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (10-min), 945 mbar (hPa)

Severe Tropical Storm Josta

Severe tropical storm (MFR)
Category 1 tropical cyclone (SSHS)
Duration 7 March – 12 March
Intensity 105 km/h (65 mph) (10-min), 972 mbar (hPa)

Moderate Tropical Storm Kylie

Moderate tropical storm (MFR)
Category 2 tropical cyclone (SSHS)
Duration 7 March – 12 March
Intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min), 984 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression Lidy

Tropical depression (MFR)
Clockwise vortex
Duration 14 March – 20 March
Intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min), 996 mbar (hPa)

Intense Tropical Cyclone Marlene

Intense tropical cyclone (MFR)
Category 4 tropical cyclone (SSHS)
Duration 30 March – 10 April
Intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (10-min), 920 mbar (hPa)

See also

Cyclone Catarina from the ISS on March 26 2004.JPG Tropical cyclones portal

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 1990-1995 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons — The 1990 1995 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons ran year round from July 1 to June 30 during each year between 1990 and 1995. Tropical cyclone activity in the Southern Hemisphere reaches its peak from mid February to early March.… …   Wikipedia

  • 1985–90 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons — The 1985 1990 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons ran year round from July 1 to June 30 during each year between 1985 and 1990. Tropical cyclone activity in the Southern Hemisphere reaches its peak from mid February to early March.… …   Wikipedia

  • 1985-1990 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons — The 1985 1990 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons ran year round from July 1 to June 30 during each year between 1985 and 1990. Tropical cyclone activity in the Southern Hemisphere reaches its peak from mid February to early March.… …   Wikipedia

  • 1970–75 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons — The 1970 1975 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons ran year round from July 1 to June 30 during each year between 1970 and 1975. Tropical cyclone activity in the Southern Hemisphere reaches its peak from mid February to early March.… …   Wikipedia

  • 1980–85 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons — The 1980 1985 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons ran year round from July 1 to June 30 during each year between 1980 and 1985. Tropical cyclone activity in the Southern Hemisphere reaches its peak from mid February to early March.… …   Wikipedia

  • 1970-75 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons — The 1970 1975 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons ran year round from July 1 to June 30 during each year between 1970 and 1975. Tropical cyclone activity in the Southern Hemisphere reaches its peak from mid February to early March.… …   Wikipedia

  • 1980-1985 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons — The 1980 1985 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons ran year round from July 1 to June 30 during each year between 1980 and 1985. Tropical cyclone activity in the Southern Hemisphere reaches its peak from mid February to early March.… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons — The following is a list of Southern Hemisphere cyclone seasons. 1900s Pre 19701970 75 1975 80 1980 85 1985 90 1990 951995 96 1996 97 1997 98 1998 99 1999 00 2000s 2000 01 2001 02 2002 03 2003 04 2004 05 2005 06 2006 07 2007 08 Post 2008 ee… …   Wikipedia

  • 1995–96 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season — The 1995 96 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season ran throughout the year from 1 July 1995 to 30 June 1996. It was made up of three different basins and seasons; the 1995–96 South West Indian Ocean cyclone season west of 90°E, discussed in… …   Wikipedia

  • 1996–97 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season — The 1996 97 Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season ran year round from 1 July 1996 to 30 June 1997, reaching its peak mid February to early March. Southern Hemisphere Cyclone Seasons 1990 95 1995 96 1996 97 1997 98 1998 99 Contents 1… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.