Burrowing Parrot Conservation status Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves Order: Psittaciformes Family: Psittacidae Subfamily: Arinae Genus: Cyanoliseus
Species: C. patagonus Binomial name Cyanoliseus patagonus
The Burrowing Parrot (Cyanoliseus patagonus) is a bird species in the parrot family. It belongs to the smaller long-tailed Arinae (macaws and conures), and is also known as Patagonian Conure. The Burrowing Parrot belongs to the monotypic genus Cyanoliseus, but the species is not monotypic, having several subspecies.
It is mainly found in Argentina. A very much reduced population still survives in Chile, and migration of some Argentine populations to Uruguay has been reported for the winter months. Sometimes strong westerly winds bring some individuals as far as the Falkland Islands.
The Burrowing Parrot has a monogamous mating system with very strong bi-parental care. Genetic testing has recently shown that this species is one of a few animals that is genetically monogamous in a socially monogamous mating system. Also, nest parasitism is not known to occur in this species.
The following three subspecies are currently known:
- Cyanoliseus patagonus patagonus Patagonian Conure
- Cyanoliseus patagonus byroni Greater Patagonian Conure
- Cyanoliseus patagonus andinus
- BirdLife International 2004. Cyanoliseus patagonus. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 24 July 2007.
- Blackwell-synergy Blackwell-synergy Mating system
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