Burrowing Parrot

Burrowing Parrot
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Subfamily: Arinae
Genus: Cyanoliseus
Bonaparte, 1854
Species: C. patagonus
Binomial name
Cyanoliseus patagonus
(Vieillot, 1818)

The Burrowing Parrot (Cyanoliseus patagonus) is a bird species in the parrot family. It belongs to the smaller long-tailed Arinae (macaws and conures), and is also known as Patagonian Conure. The Burrowing Parrot belongs to the monotypic genus Cyanoliseus,[1] but the species is not monotypic, having several subspecies.

It is mainly found in Argentina. A very much reduced population still survives in Chile, and migration of some Argentine populations to Uruguay has been reported for the winter months. Sometimes strong westerly winds bring some individuals as far as the Falkland Islands.

Its natural habitats is the arid bush steppe community known as Monte.

The Burrowing Parrot has a monogamous mating system with very strong bi-parental care. Genetic testing has recently shown that this species is one of a few animals that is genetically monogamous in a socially monogamous mating system. Also, nest parasitism is not known to occur in this species.

Subspecies

Flying in Buenos Aires, Argentina

The following three subspecies are currently known:[2]

  • Cyanoliseus patagonus patagonus Patagonian Conure
  • Cyanoliseus patagonus byroni Greater Patagonian Conure
  • Cyanoliseus patagonus andinus

References

Media related to Cyanoliseus patagonus at Wikimedia Commons

  1. ^ Forshaw, Joseph M.; Cooper, William T. (1981) [1973, 1978]. Parrots of the World (corrected second edition ed.). David & Charles, Newton Abbot, London. ISBN 0-7153-7698-5. 
  2. ^ Animal-world.com

External links