 Unipotent representation

In mathematics, a unipotent representation of a reductive group is a representation that has some similarities with unipotent conjugacy classes of groups.
Informally, Langlands philosophy suggests that there should be a correspondence between representations of a reductive group and conjugacy classes a Langlands dual group, and the unipotent representations should be roughly the ones corresponding to unipotent classes in the dual group.
Unipotent representations are supposed to be the basic "building blocks" out of which one can construct all other representations in the following sense. Unipotent representations should form a small (preferably finite) set of irreducible representations for each reductive group, such that all irreducible representations can be obtained from unipotent representations of possibly smaller groups by some sort of systematic process, such as (cohomological or parabolic) induction.
Contents
Finite fields
Over finite fields, the unipotent representations are those that occur in the decomposition of the Deligne–Lusztig characters R1
T of the trivial representation 1 of a torus T . They were classified by Lusztig (1978, 1979). Some examples of unipotent representations over finite fields are the trivial 1dimensional representation, the Steinberg representation, and θ_{10}.Nonarchimedean local fields
Lusztig (1995) classified the unipotent characters over nonarchimedean local fields.
Archimedean local fields
Vogan (1987) discusses several different possible definitions of unipotent representations of real Lie groups.
See also
References
 Barbasch, Dan (1991), "Unipotent representations for real reductive groups", in Satake, Ichirô, Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians, Vol. II (Kyoto, 1990), Tokyo: Math. Soc. Japan, pp. 769–777, ISBN 9784431700470, MR1159263, http://mathunion.org/ICM/ICM1990.2/
 Lusztig, George (1979), "Unipotent representations of a finite Chevalley group of type E_{8}", The Quarterly Journal of Mathematics. Oxford. Second Series 30 (3): 315–338, doi:10.1093/qmath/30.3.315, ISSN 00335606, MR545068
 Lusztig, George (1978), Representations of finite Chevalley groups, CBMS Regional Conference Series in Mathematics, 39, Providence, R.I.: American Mathematical Society, ISBN 9780821816899, MR518617, http://books.google.com/books?id=wn27F59SwAC
 Lusztig, George (1995), "Classification of unipotent representations of simple padic groups", International Mathematics Research Notices (11): 517–589, doi:10.1155/S1073792895000353, ISSN 10737928, MR1369407
 Vogan, David A. (1987), Unitary representations of reductive Lie groups, Annals of Mathematics Studies, 118, Princeton University Press, ISBN 9780691084817; 9780691084824, http://books.google.com/books?id=0O9c_kImJYC
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