Crocidosema

The grass moth genus Crocidophora has been mis-spelled Crocidosema.
Crocidosema
Imago of the widespread C. plebejana,
Aranda, Australian Capital Territory
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Division: Ditrysia
Superfamily: Tortricoidea
Family: Tortricidae
Subfamily: Olethreutinae
Tribe: Eucosmini
Genus: Crocidosema
Zeller, 1847
Type species
Crocidosema plebejana
Zeller, 1847
Diversity
28 species
Synonyms

[1]
Crocidosoma (lapsus)
Crosidosema (lapsus)
Heligmocera Walsingham, 1891
Parasuleima Clarke, 1965

Crocidosema is a genus of tortrix moths (family Tortricidae) belonging to the tribe Eucosmini of subfamily Olethreutinae. They are found mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, being especially common in the Neotropics. But some occur elsewhere, such as on the Hawaiian Islands.[2]

At least some of them can be recognized by their wing veins. In the hindwings, vein 3 and 4 originate from a common stalk, and are approached by the fifth vein at its end. In the forewings, veins 4-6 converge at the termen.[3]

These moths are mostly small and inconspicuous. But C. plebejana is an occasional pest of cotton (and some other mostly malvaceous plants) and has become widely distributed by trade in agricultural produce, while the Lantana Flower-cluster Moth (C. lantana) is employed in Lantana biocontrol and has been deliberately introduced to some locations.

Species

As of 2010, the 28 described species of Crocidosema are:[2]

  • Crocidosema accessa (Heinrich, 1931)
  • Crocidosema apicinota (Turner, 1946)
  • Crocidosema aporema (Walsingham, 1914)
  • Crocidosema callida Meyrick, 1917
  • Crocidosema calvifrons (Walsingham, 1891)
  • Crocidosema cecidogena (Kieffer, 1908)
  • Crocidosema compsoptila Meyrick, 1936
  • Crocidosema cosmoptila Meyrick, 1917
  • Crocidosema evidens (Meyrick, 1917)
  • Crocidosema impendens Meyrick, 1917
  • Crocidosema lantana – Lantana Flower-cluster Moth, Lantana Tortricid Moth
  • Crocidosema leprarum
  • Crocidosema leptozona (Meyrick, 1921)
  • Crocidosema longipalpana (Moschler, 1891)
  • Crocidosema marcidellum
  • Crocidosema meridospila (Meyrick, 1922)
  • Crocidosema orfilai Pastrana, 1964
  • Crocidosema perplexana (Fernald, 1901)
  • Crocidosema plebejana
  • Crocidosema pollutana (Zeller, 1877)
  • Crocidosema pristinana (Zeller, 1877)
  • Crocidosema pyrrhulana (Zeller, 1877)
  • Crocidosema roraria Meyrick, 1917
  • Crocidosema sediliata (Meyrick, 1912)
  • Crocidosema thematica (Meyrick, 1918)
  • Crocidosema unica (Heinrich, 1923)
  • Crocidosema venata Razowski & Wojtusiak, 2006
  • Crocidosema veternana (Zeller, 1877)

Footnotes

  1. ^ Pitkin & Jenkins (2004), Baixeras et al. (2010a)
  2. ^ a b Baixeras et al. (2010ab)
  3. ^ Clarke (1986)

References