List of sovereign states and dependent territories in South America


List of sovereign states and dependent territories in South America
South America (orthographic projection).svg

The following is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in South America, including their capitals, official languages, currencies, population, area, and GDP per capita at PPP.

South America is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean. North America and the Caribbean Sea lie to the northwest. South America has an area of approximately 17,840,000 square kilometres (6,890,000 sq mi), or almost 3.5% of the Earth's surface. As of 2008, its population is more than 380 million, according to estimates of population in the The World Factbook. South America ranks fourth among all continents in area (after Asia, Africa, and North America) and fifth in population (after Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America).[1]

The division between North and South America is unclear, lying somewhere in the Isthmus of Panama, however, Panama is considered to be part of North America.

Contents

Sovereign states and other territories

  Overseas department or dependency
Flag Name Official name Form of government Capital Official language(s) Notes
Argentina Argentina Argentine Republic Federal presidential republic Buenos Aires Spanish [2][3]
Bolivia Bolivia Plurinational State of Bolivia Republic La Paz & Sucre [B] Spanish, Quechua, Aymara [4]
Brazil Brazil Federative Republic of Brazil Federal presidential republic Brasília Portuguese [5]
Chile ChileJ Republic of Chile Republic Santiago[C] Spanish [6]
Colombia Colombia Republic of Colombia Presidential republic Bogotá Spanish [7]
Ecuador Ecuador Republic of Ecuador Presidential republic Quito Spanish [8]
Falkland Islands Falkland Islands (UK) Falkland Islands Territory of the United Kingdom Stanley English [9]
French Guiana French Guiana (France)[D] French Republic (Guyane) Presidential republic Cayenne (Paris)[10] French [11][12]
Guyana Guyana Co-operative Republic of Guyana Semi-presidential republic Georgetown English [13][14]
Paraguay Paraguay Republic of Paraguay Constitutional presidential republic Asunción Spanish, Guaraní [15][16]
Peru Peru Republic of Peru Presidential republic Lima Spanish, Quechua[G] [17][18]
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands[19] (UK) South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Territory of the United Kingdom King Edward Point English
Suriname Suriname Republic of Suriname Constitutional democracy Paramaribo Dutch [20]
Uruguay Uruguay Oriental Republic of Uruguay Constitutional republic Montevideo Spanish [21]
Venezuela Venezuela Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Federal presidential republic Caracas Spanish[H] [22]

Demographics and geography

  Overseas department or dependency
Name Area Population
(July 2008 est.)
Map Notes
Argentina 2,766,890 km2 (1,068,300 sq mi) &1000000004067734800000040,677,348 LocationArgentina.svg [2]
Bolivia 1,098,580 km2 (424,160 sq mi) &100000000092478160000009,247,816 LocationBolivia.svg [4]
Brazil 8,511,965 km2 (3,286,488 sq mi) &10000000191908598000000191,908,598 LocationBrazil.svg [5]
ChileJ 756,950 km2 (292,260 sq mi) &1000000001645414300000016,454,143 LocationChile.svg [6]
Colombia 1,138,910 km2 (439,740 sq mi) &1000000004501367400000045,013,674 LocationColombia.svg [7]
Ecuador 283,560 km2 (109,480 sq mi) &1000000001392765000000013,927,650 LocationEcuador.svg [8]
Falkland Islands (UK) 12,173 km2 (4,700 sq mi) &100000000000031400000003,140 LocationFalklandIslands.png [9]
French Guiana (France)[D] 91,000 km2 (35,000 sq mi)[E] &10000000000209000000000209,000
(Jan. 2007 est.)
Location-Guyane-France.png [11][12]
Guyana 214,999 km2 (83,012 sq mi) &100000000011656730000001,165,673 LocationGuyana.svg [13]
Paraguay 406,750 km2 (157,050 sq mi) &100000000068313060000006,831,306 LocationParaguay.svg [15]
Peru 1,285,220 km2 (496,230 sq mi) &1000000002918089900000029,180,899 LocationPeru.svg [17]
South Georgia and the South Sandwich islands (UK) 3,903 km2 (1,507 sq mi) &1000000000000003000000030
(2006 est.)
LocationSouthGeorgiaAndSouthSandwichIslands.png
Suriname 163,270 km2 (63,040 sq mi) &10000000000475996000000475,996 LocationSuriname.svg [20]
Uruguay 176,220 km2 (68,040 sq mi) &100000000034777780000003,477,778 LocationUruguay.svg [21]
Venezuela 912,050 km2 (352,140 sq mi) &1000000002641481500000026,414,815 LocationVenezuela.svg [22]

Economic statistics

Name Currency GDP (PPP) per capita[A]
(2008 est. in U.S. dollars)
Notes
Argentina Argentine peso $&1000000000001420000000014,200 [2]
Bolivia Boliviano $&100000000000045000000004,500 [4]
Brazil Brazilian real $&1000000000001010000000010,100 [5]
Chile Chilean peso $&1000000000001490000000014,900 [6]
Colombia Colombian peso $&100000000000089000000008,900 [7]
Ecuador United States dollar $&100000000000075000000007,500 [8]
Falkland Islands (UK) Falkland Islands pound $&1000000000003540000000035,400 (2002 est.) [9]
French Guiana (France) Euro $&100000000000060000000006,000 (2001 est.)[F] [11][12]
Guyana Guyanese dollar $&100000000000039000000003,900 [13]
Paraguay Paraguayan guaraní $&100000000000042000000004,200 [15]
Peru Peruvian nuevo sol $&100000000000084000000008,400 [17]
South Georgia and the South Sandwich islands (UK)
Suriname Surinamese dollar $&100000000000089000000008,900 [20]
Uruguay Uruguayan peso $&1000000000001220000000012,200 [21]
Venezuela Venezuelan bolívar $&1000000000001350000000013,500 [22]

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ The New York Times Guide to Essential Knowledge: A Desk Reference for the Curious Mind (2nd ed.), New York: St. Martin's Press, 2007, p. 598, ISBN 0-312-37659-6, OCLC 173243876 
  2. ^ a b c "The World Factbook: Argentina". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  3. ^ Calvert, Peter (2004). A Political and Economic Dictionary of Latin America: an essential guide. New York: Routledge. p. 14. ISBN 1857432118. OCLC 57134234. 
  4. ^ a b c "The World Factbook: Bolivia". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bl.html. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  5. ^ a b c "The World Factbook: Brazil". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/br.html. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  6. ^ a b c "The World Factbook: Chile". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ci.html. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  7. ^ a b c "The World Factbook: Colombia". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/co.html. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  8. ^ a b c "The World Factbook: Ecuador". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ec.html. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  9. ^ a b c "The World Factbook: Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/fk.html. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  10. ^ Cayenne is the departmental capital.
  11. ^ a b c Americas Review 2003/2004: Economic and Business Report (21st ed.). London: Kogan Page. 2003. p. 79. ISBN 0749440643. ISSN 1351-4571. 
  12. ^ a b c (French) "Résultats régionaux des enquêtes de recensement de 2004 à 2007". INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/recensement/nouv_recens/resultats/resultats-regionaux.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  13. ^ a b c "The World Factbook: Guyana". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gy.html. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  14. ^ Nohlen, Dieter (2005). Elections in the Americas: a data handbook (21st ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. vol. 1, p. 359. ISBN 0-19-928357-5. OCLC 58051010. 
  15. ^ a b c "The World Factbook: Paraguay". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pa.html. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  16. ^ The New York Times Guide to Essential Knowledge: A Desk Reference for the Curious Mind, p. 845.
  17. ^ a b c "The World Factbook: Peru". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pe.html. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  18. ^ Americas Review 2003/2004: Economic and Business Report, p. 144.
  19. ^ Sometimes grouped with Antarctica rather than South America
  20. ^ a b c "The World Factbook: Suriname". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ns.html. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  21. ^ a b c "The World Factbook: Uruguay". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/uy.html. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  22. ^ a b c "The World Factbook: Venezuela". CIA Directorate of Intelligence. 2008-05-15. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ve.html. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  23. ^ Redfield, Peter (2000). Space in the Tropics: From Convicts to Rockets in French Guiana. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 269. ISBN 0-520-21985-6. OCLC 191037539. 
  24. ^ Baker, Colin; Sylvia P. Jones (1998). Encyclopedia of Bilingualism and Bilingual Education. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. p. 460. ISBN 1-85359-362-1. OCLC 34932753. 
  25. ^ Kozloff, Nikolas (2007). Hugo Chavez: Oil, Politics, and the Challenge to the United States. New York: Macmillan Publishers. p. 136. ISBN 1-4039-8409-3. OCLC 144596511. 


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