List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Oceania


List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Oceania
Geopolitical Oceania in green. Smaller islands are not visible

This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Oceania. Although it is mostly ocean and spans many continental plates, Oceania is often defined as a continent. This list follows the boundaries of geopolitical Oceania, which includes Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, and Australasia. The main continental landmass of Oceania is Australia,[1] with the second largest being Zealandia.

The division between Asia and Oceania is not clearly defined. The Malay Archipelago is sometimes included in a wider geographical definition of Oceania. By two other common divisions, due to the cultural Melanesian line and the ecological Wallace Line, the eastern half of Indonesia and East Timor are sometimes considered to be part of Oceania while the rest of the archipelago is in Asia. For political reasons, the United Nations considers the border is between the two regions to be the Indonesian–Papua New Guineaian border.[2] Papua New Guinea is occasionally considered Asian due to its virtue of neighbouring Indonesia, but this is rare, and it is generally accepted to be part of Oceania. If the entire Malay archipelago is included as part of Oceania, then Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia, the Philippines, and East Timor are also included.

Contents

Sovereign states

The following is a list of sovereign states which are usually considered to be Oceanian, and whom all have their capital city in Oceania. Of these, only Australia and New Zealand have territory outside of Oceania. All of these states are members of the Pacific Islands Forum except Fiji, which is suspended.

Flag Map English short and formal names
[3][4][5]
Domestic short and formal names[3][4] Capital
[6][7][5]
Population
[8]
Area
[9]
Flag of Australia.svg
Australia (orthographic projection).svg Australia[note 1]

Commonwealth of Australia
English: Australia — Commonwealth of Australia Canberra

English: Canberra
21,766,711 7,741,220 km2 (2,988,902 sq mi)
Flag of Fiji.svg
LocationFiji.png Fiji

Republic of the Fiji Islands
English: Fiji —Republic of the Fiji Islands

Fijian: Viti — Matanitu ko Viti
Suva

English: Suva

Fijian: Suva
883,125 18,274 km2 (7,056 sq mi)
Flag of Kiribati.svg
LocationKiribati.png Kiribati

Republic of Kiribati
English: Kiribati — Republic of Kiribati

Gilbertese: Kiribati — Ribaberiki Kiribati
Tarawa

English: Tarawa
Bairiki

English: Bairiki
100,743 811 km2 (313 sq mi)
Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg
LocationMarshallIslands.png Marshall Islands

Republic of the Marshall Islands
English: Marshall Islands — Republic of the Marshall Islands

Marshallese: Aelōn in ̄ Maje ̧ļ
Majuro

English: Majuro
67,182 181 km2 (70 sq mi)
Flag of the Federated States of Micronesia.svg
LocationMicronesia.png Federated States of Micronesia / Micronesia English: Federated States of Micronesia Palikir

English: Palikir
106,836 702 km2 (271 sq mi)
Flag of Nauru.svg
LocationNauru.png Nauru

Republic of Nauru
English: Nauru — Republic of Nauru

Nauruan: Naoero
No official Capital
Government offices are in Yaren
9,322 21 km2 (8 sq mi)
Flag of New Zealand.svg
New Zealand (orthographic projection).svg New Zealand[note 2] English: New Zealand

Māori: Aotearoa
Wellington

English: Wellington
4,290,347 267,710 km2 (103,363 sq mi)
Flag of Palau.svg
Palau.png Palau

Republic of Palau
English: Palau — Republic of Palau

Palauan: Belau — Beluu er a Belau
Melekeok

English: Melekeok

Palauan: Melekeok
20,956 459 km2 (177 sq mi)
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg
Papua New Guinea (orthographic projection).svg Papua New Guinea

Independent State of Papua New Guinea
English: Papua New Guinea — Independent State of Papua New Guinea

Tok Pisin: Papua Niugini — Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini
Port Moresby

English: Port Moresby
6,187,591 462,840 km2 (178,704 sq mi)
Flag of Samoa.svg
LocationSamoa.png Samoa

Independent State of Samoa
English: Samoa — Independent State of Samoa

Samoan: Samoa — Malo Sa‘oloto Tuto'atasi o Samoa
Apia

English: Apia

Samoan: Apia
193,161 2,831 km2 (1,093 sq mi)
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg
LocationSolomonIslands.png Solomon Islands English: Solomon Islands Honiara

English: Honiara
571,890 28,896 km2 (11,157 sq mi)
Flag of Tonga.svg
LocationTonga.png Tonga

Kingdom of Tonga
English: Tonga — Kingdom of Tonga

Tongan: Tonga — Pule'anga Tonga
Nukuʻalofa

English: Nuku'alofa

Tongan: Nuku'alofa
105,916 747 km2 (288 sq mi)
Flag of Tuvalu.svg
LocationTuvalu.png Tuvalu English: Tuvalu

Tuvaluan: Tuvalu
Funafuti

English: Funafuti
10,544 26 km2 (10 sq mi)
Flag of Vanuatu.svg
Map OC-Melanesia Revised by Tom Emphasizing Vanuatu.PNG Vanuatu

Republic of Vanuatu
Bislama: Vanuatu — Ripablik blong Vanuatu

English: Vanuatu — Republic of Vanuatu

French: Vanuatu — République de Vanuatu
Port Vila

Bislama: Port Vila

English: Port Vila

French: Port-Vila
224,564 12,189 km2 (4,706 sq mi)

Non-sovereign territories

The following are external territories considered to be within Oceania but are not considered sovereign states. It includes various political and administrative divisions, as well as dependencies.

Dependent territories and other territories

Flag Map English short and formal names[3] Status Domestic short and formal names Capital Population Area[9]
Flag of American Samoa.svg
LocationAmericanSamoa.png American Samoa

Territory of American Samoa[5]
Insular area of the United States English: American Samoa — Territory of American Samoa

Samoan: Amerika Sāmoa
Pago Pago[6][5] 67,242[8] 199 km2 (77 sq mi)
Flag of Australia.svg
AshmoreandCartierIslands.png Ashmore and Cartier Islands

Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Territory of Australia English: Ashmore and Cartier Islands Uninhabited Uninhabited 5 km2 (2 sq mi)
Flag of the United States.svg
Orthographic projection over Baker Island.png Baker Island United States Minor Outlying Island English: Baker Island Uninhabited Uninhabited 129.1 km2 (49.8 sq mi)
Flag of France.svg
CarteLocal.gif Clipperton Island[note 3] French state private property French: Île Clipperton[3] Uninhabited Uninhabited 6 km2 (2 sq mi)
Flag of the Cook Islands.svg
LocationCookIslands.png Cook Islands[5] Self-governing state in free association with New Zealand English: Cook Islands
Cook Islands Māori: Kūki 'Āirani
Avarua[6][5] 11,124[8] 236 km2 (91 sq mi)
Flag of Australia.svg
Wyspy Morza Koralowego.png Coral Sea Islands

Coral Sea Islands Territory
Territory of Australia English: Coral Sea Islands — Coral Sea Islands Territory Uninhabited Uninhabited 3 km2 (1 sq mi)
Flag of French Polynesia.svg
Location French Polynesia.png French Polynesia

Overseas Lands of French Polynesia[5]
Overseas country of France French: Polynésie française — Pays d'outre-mer de la Polynesie Francaise [3] Papeete[6][5] 294,935[8] 4,167 km2 (1,609 sq mi)
Flag of Guam.svg
LocationGuam.png Guam

Territory of Guam
Insular area of the United States English: Guam — Territory of Guam

Chamorro: Guahan[3]
Hagåtña / Agaña[6][5] 183,286[10] 544 km2 (210 sq mi)
Flag of the United States.svg
Howland Island Locator1.png Howland Island United States Minor Outlying Island English: Howland Island Uninhabited Uninhabited 138.6 km2 (53.5 sq mi)
Flag of the United States.svg
Orthographic projection over Jarvis Island.png Jarvis Island United States Minor Outlying Island English: Jarvis Island Uninhabited Uninhabited 152 km2 (59 sq mi)
Flag of the United States.svg
LocationJohnstonAtoll.png Johnston Atoll United States Minor Outlying Island English: Johnston Atoll Uninhabited Uninhabited 276.6 km2 (106.8 sq mi)
Flag of the United States.svg
Orthographic projection over Kingman Reef.png Kingman Reef United States Minor Outlying Island English: Kingman Reef Uninhabited Uninhabited 1,958.01 km2 (755.99 sq mi)
Flag of the United States.svg
Orthographic projection centred over midway.png Midway Islands United States Minor Outlying Island English: Midway Islands Uninhabited Uninhabited 2,355.2 km2 (909.3 sq mi)
Flag of France.svg
LocationNewCaledonia.png New Caledonia

Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies
Sui generis collectivity of France[5] French: Nouvelle-Calédonie — Territoire des Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances[3] Nouméa[6][5] 256,275[8] 18,575 km2 (7,172 sq mi)
Flag of Niue.svg
LocationNiue.png Niue[5] Self-governing state in free association with New Zealand Niuean: Niuē

English: Niue
Alofi[6][5] 1,311[8] 260 km2 (100 sq mi)
Flag of Norfolk Island.svg
LocationNorfolkIsland.png Norfolk Island

Territory of Norfolk Island[5]
Self-governing integral Territory of Australia English: Norfolk Island — Territory of Norfolk Island

Norfuk: Norfuk Ailen
Kingston[6][5] 2,169[8] 36 km2 (14 sq mi)
Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands.svg
LocationNorthernMarianas.png Northern Mariana Islands

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands[5]
Insular area of the United States English: Northern Mariana Islands — Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands

Chamorro: Islas Mariånas — Sankattan Siha Na Islas Mariånas
Saipan[6][5] 46,050[8] 464 km2 (179 sq mi)
Flag of the Pitcairn Islands.svg
Pacific-Ocean-Pitcairn-Island-on-globe-view-English.jpg Pitcairn Islands

Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands
British overseas territory English: Pitcairn Islands — Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands Adamstown[6][5] 48[8] 47 km2 (18 sq mi)
Flag of Tokelau.svg
LocationTokelau.png Tokelau[5] Dependent territory of New Zealand Tokelauan: Tokelau

English: Tokelau
Each Atoll has its own administrative centre[6][5] 1,384[8] 12 km2 (5 sq mi)
Flag of the United States.svg
LocationWakeIsland.png Wake Island United States Minor Outlying Island English: Wake Island Uninhabited Uninhabited 6.5 km2 (2.5 sq mi)
Flag of France.svg
LocationWallisAndFutuna.png Wallis and Futuna

Territory of the Wallis and Futuna Islands
Overseas collectivity of France French: Wallis et Futuna — Territoire des Iles Wallis et Futuna[3] Mata-Utu[6][5] 15,398[8] 142 km2 (55 sq mi)

Other territories

The following are incorporated parts of a non-Oceanian state.

Flag Map English short and formal names Status Domestic short and formal names Capital
Flag of Rapa Nui, Chile.svg
Orthographic projection centred over Easter Island.png Easter Island Special territory of Chile Spanish: Isla de Pascua

Rapa Nui: Rapa Nui
Hanga Roa
Flag of Hawaii.svg
Hawaii in Pacific Ocean.png Hawaii

State of Hawaii
State of the USA English: Hawaii — State of Hawaii

Hawaiian: Hawaiʻi — Mokuʻāina o Hawaiʻi
Honolulu
Flag of Chile.svg
Orthographic projection centred over Juan Fernandez.png Juan Fernández Islands Special territory of Chile Spanish: Archipiélago Juan Fernández San Juan Bautista
Flag of Japan.svg
Map of ogasawara islands ja.png Marcus Island Part of Ogasawara village in Tokyo, Japan Japanese: 南鳥島 (

Minamitorishima)

Uninhabited
Flag of Japan.svg
Okinotorishima-en.svg Okinotori Islands Part of Ogasawara village in Tokyo, Japan Japanese: 沖ノ鳥島

Okinotorishima

Uninhabited
Flag of the United States.svg
Orthographic projection over Palmyra Atoll.png Palmyra Atoll[3] United States Minor Outlying Island English: Palmyra Atoll Uninhabited
Flag of Indonesia.svg
IndonesiaPapua.png Papua Province of Indonesia Indonesian: Papua Jayapura
Flag of Indonesia.svg
IndonesiaWestPapua.png West Papua Province of Indonesia Indonesian: Papua Barat Manokwari

Notes

  1. ^ Australia contains 4 external territories not associated with Oceania, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island in Asia, and the Heard and McDonald Islands and the claimed Australian Antarctic Territory in the Antarctic.
  2. ^ New Zealand also claims territory in the Antarctic as the Ross Dependency.
  3. ^ Clipperton Island is often associated with North America.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.dfat.gov.au/aib/island_continent.html
  2. ^ http://www.endpoverty2015.org/en/asia/news/marcos-diaz-crosses-oceania-asia-border-raise-awareness-mdgs/13/may/10
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Field Listing :: Names". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2142.html. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "UNGEGN List of Country Names". United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names. 2007. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/geoinfo/UNGEGN/docs/9th-uncsgn-docs/UNGEGN%20WG%20Country%20Names%20Document%20-%20August%202009.pdf. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "List of countries, territories and currencies". Europa. 9 August 2011. http://publications.europa.eu/code/en/en-5000500.htm. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Field Listing :: Capital". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2057.html. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  7. ^ "UNGEGN World Geographical Names". United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names. 29 July 2011. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/geoinfo/geonames/. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Country Comparison :: Population". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  9. ^ a b "Field Listing :: Area". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2147.html. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  10. ^ "Guam". CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gq.html. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 

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