List of sovereign states and dependent territories in North America


List of sovereign states and dependent territories in North America
Location North America.svg

This is an alphabetical list of sovereign states and dependent territories in North America. This list uses the most inclusive definition of North America, which covers the landmass north of the Panama-Colombia border, and the islands of the Caribbean. North America is the northern continent of the Americas,[1] situated in the Earth's northern hemisphere and almost totally in the western hemisphere. It is bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southeast by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the North Pacific Ocean; South America lies to the southeast.

Contents

Sovereign states

Flag English Short Name English Long Name Capital Currency Domestic Short Names
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda [n 1] Antigua and Barbuda St. John's East Caribbean dollar English: Antigua and Barbuda
The Bahamas Bahamas [n 1] Commonwealth of The Bahamas Nassau Bahamian dollar English: Bahamas
Barbados Barbados [n 1] Barbados Bridgetown Barbadian dollar English: Barbados
Belize Belize [n 1][n 2] Belize Belmopan Belize dollar English: Belize
Canada Canada [n 3] Canada Ottawa Canadian dollar English: Canada
French: Canada
Costa Rica Costa Rica [n 2] Republic of Costa Rica San José Costa Rican colón Spanish: Costa Rica
Cuba Cuba Republic of Cuba Havana Cuban peso, Cuban convertible peso Spanish: Cuba
Dominica Dominica [n 1] Commonwealth of Dominica Roseau East Caribbean dollar English: Dominica
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic [n 2] Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Dominican Peso Spanish: República Dominicana
El Salvador El Salvador [n 2] Republic of El Salvador San Salvador United States dollar Spanish: El Salvador
Grenada Grenada [n 1] Grenada St. George's East Caribbean dollar English: Grenada
Guatemala Guatemala [n 2] Republic of Guatemala Guatemala City Guatemalan quetzal Spanish: Guatemala
Haiti Haiti [n 1] Republic of Haiti Port-au-Prince Haitian gourde French: Haïti
Honduras Honduras [n 2] Republic of Honduras Tegucigalpa Honduran lempira Spanish: Honduras
Jamaica Jamaica [n 1] Jamaica Kingston Jamaican dollar English: Jamaica
Mexico Mexico [n 3] United Mexican States Mexico City Mexican Peso Spanish: México
Nicaragua Nicaragua [n 2] Republic of Nicaragua Managua Nicaraguan córdoba Spanish: Nicaragua
Panama Panama [n 2] Republic of Panama Panama City Panamanian balboa, United States dollar Spanish: Panamá
Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis [n 1] Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre East Caribbean dollar English: Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia [n 1] Saint Lucia Castries East Caribbean Dollar English: Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines [n 1] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown East Caribbean dollar English: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago [n 1] Republic of Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Trinidad and Tobago dollar English: Trinidad and Tobago
United States United States [n 3] United States of America Washington, D.C. United States dollar English: United States

Non-sovereign territories

This section contains areas that are not sovereign states, but are not part of the sovereign states listed above. This includes dependent territories and integral areas of a primarily non-North American state.

Dependent territories

Dependencies that are not internationally recognised, or not in effect, are listed in italics.

Flag English Short Name English Long Name Capital Currency Domestic Short Names Legal Status
Anguilla Anguilla Anguilla The Valley East Caribbean dollar English: Anguilla British Overseas Territory
Aruba Aruba Aruba Oranjestad Aruban florin Dutch: Aruba Constituent Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
United States Bajo Nuevo Bank [n 4] Bajo Nuevo Bank N/A N/A Spanish: Bajo Nuevo Unincorporated Unorganized Territory of the United States of America
Bermuda Bermuda Bermuda Islands Hamilton Bermudian dollar English: Bermuda
Portuguese: Bermudas
British Overseas Territory
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands Virgin Islands Road Town United States dollar English: Virgin Islands British Overseas Territory
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands Cayman Islands George Town Cayman Islands dollar English: Cayman Islands British Overseas Territory
France Clipperton Island Clipperton Island N/A Euro French: Île de la Passion Overseas Possession of France
Curaçao Curaçao Curaçao Willemstad Netherlands Antillean guilder Dutch: Land Curaçao
Papiamento: Pais Kòrsou
Constituent Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Greenland Greenland Greenland Nuuk Danish krone Kalaallisut: Kalaallit Nunaat
Danish: Grønland
Constituent Country of the Kingdom of Denmark
Montserrat Montserrat [n 1] Montserrat Plymouth East Caribbean dollar English: Montserrat British Overseas Territory
United States Navassa Island [n 5] Navassa Island N/A United States dollar English: Navassa Island Unincorporated Unorganized Territory of the United States
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Commonwealth of Puerto Rico San Juan United States dollar Spanish: Puerto Rico
English: Puerto Rico
U.S. Commonwealth
France Saint Barthélemy Collectivity of Saint Barthélemy Gustavia Euro French: Saint-Barthélemy French Overseas Collectivity
France Saint Martin Collectivity of Saint Martin Marigot Euro French: Saint-Martin French Overseas Collectivity
France Saint Pierre and Miquelon Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint-Pierre Euro French: Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon French Overseas Collectivity
United States Serranilla Bank [n 4] Serranilla Bank N/A N/A Spanish: Bajo Serranilla Unincorporated Unorganized Territory of the United States
Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Philipsburg Netherlands Antillean guilder Dutch: Eilandgebied Sint Maarten Constituent Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands Cockburn Town United States dollar English: Turks and Caicos Islands British Overseas Territory
United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands United States Virgin Islands Charlotte Amalie United States dollar English: United States Virgin Islands Unincorporated organized Territory of the United States

Other areas

Flag English Short Name English Long Name Capital Currency Domestic Short Names
Bonaire Bonaire [n 6] Bonaire Kralendijk United States dollar Dutch: Bonaire
Papiamento: Boneiru
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe [n 7] Guadeloupe Basse-Terre Euro French: Guadeloupe
Martinique Martinique [n 7] Martinique Fort-de-France Euro French: Martinique
Saba Saba [n 6] Saba The Bottom United States dollar Dutch: Saba
English: Saba
Colombia San Andrés and Providencia [n 8] Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina San Andrés Colombian peso Spanish: San Andrés y Providencia
Sint Eustatius Sint Eustatius [n 6] Sint Eustatius Oranjestad United States dollar Dutch: Sint Eustatius
English: Statia
Venezuela Federal Dependencies of Venezuela [n 9] Federal Dependencies of Venezuela Los Roques Venezuelan bolívar Spanish: Dependencias Federales de Venezuela

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Member of the Caribbean Community. The Caribbean Community also includes Guyana and Suriname.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Member of the Central American Integration System.
  3. ^ a b c Member of the North American Free Trade Agreement.
  4. ^ a b Certain U.S. government documents list these as unorganized, unincorporated territories of the United States. For the most part, however, they are under Colombia administration as an integral part of Colombia, part of the San Andrés department. They are also claimed by Nicaragua, and in part by Jamaica and Honduras.
  5. ^ Claimed by Haiti.
  6. ^ a b c Part of the Netherlands.
  7. ^ a b Part of France.
  8. ^ Part of Colombia.
  9. ^ Part of Venezuela.

See also

References



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