Corippus

Flavius Cresconius Corippus was a late Roman epic poet of the 6th century, who flourished under East Roman Emperors Justinian I and Justin II. His major works are the epic poem Johannis and the panegyric In laudem Justini minoris. Corippus was probably the last important Latin author of Late Antiquity.

He was a native of Africa, and in one of the manuscripts is called grammaticus (teacher). He has sometimes been identified, but on insufficient grounds, with Cresconius Africanus, a Catholic bishop (7th century), author of a Concordia Canonum, or collection of the laws of the church.

Nothing is known of Corippus beyond what is contained in his own poems. He appears to have held the office of tribune or notary (scriniarius) under Anastasius, imperial treasurer and chamberlain of Justinian I, at the end of whose reign he left Africa for Constantinople, apparently in consequence of having lost his property during the Moorish and Vandal wars.

He was the author of two poems, of considerable importance for the history of the times. One of these, Johannis or De bellis Libycis, the earlier of the two, was not discovered till the beginning of the 19th century. It was dedicated to the nobles of Carthage and relates the overthrow of the Moors by a John Troglita, magister militum in 546. Johannis is in eight books (the last is unfinished) and contains about 5000 hexameters. The narrative commences with the despatch of Johannis to the theatre of war by Justinian, and ends with the decisive victory near Carthage (548).

The other poem,In laudem Justini minoris ("In praise of the younger Justin"), in four books, contains the death of Justinian, the coronation of his successor Justin II (November 13, 565); and the early events of his reign. It is preceded by a preface, and a short and fulsome panegyric on Anastasius, the poet's patron. The Laus was published at Antwerp in 1581 by Michael Ruyz Azagra, secretary to the emperor Rudolf II, from a ninth- or tenth-century manuscript.

The preface contains a reference to a previous work by the author on the wars in Africa; and although Johannes Cuspinianus in his De Caesaribus et Imperatoribus professed to have seen a manuscript of it in the library at Buda (destroyed by Suleiman II in 1527), it was not till 1814 that it was discovered at Milan by Cardinal Mazzucchelli, librarian of the Biblioteca Ambrosiana, from the codex Trivultianus (in the Biblioteca Trivulziana, the library of the marchesi Trivulzi), the only manuscript of the Johannis extant.

The Johannis "is not only a valuable historic source but a work of marked poetic merit."[1] It provides a description of the land and people of Late Roman Africa, which conscientiously records the impressions of an intelligent native observer; many of his statements as to manners and customs are confirmed both by independent ancient authorities (such as Procopius) and by our knowledge of the modern Berbers.

Virgil, Lucan, and Claudian were the poet's chief models. The Laus, which was written when he was advanced in years, although marred by a "Byzantine" servility and gross flattery of a by no means worthy object, throws much light upon Late Roman court ceremony, as in the account of the accession of Justin and the reception of the embassy of the Avars.

On the whole the language and metre of Corippus, considering the age in which he lived and the fact that he was not a native Italian, is remarkably pure. That he was a Christian is rendered probable by negative indications, such as the absence of all the usual mythological accessories of an epic poem, positive allusions to texts of Scripture, and the highly orthodox passage Laus iv. 294 ff. The editions of the Johannis by P. Mazzucchelli (1820) and of the Laus by Pierre-François Foggini (1797) are still valuable for their commentaries. They are both included in the 28th volume of the Bonn Corpus scriptorum historice Byzantinae.

Editions

  • Averil Cameron: Flavius Cresconius Corippus: In laudem Iustini Augusti minoris (in praise of Justin II). London 1976 (Translation and commentary).
  • George W. Shea: The Iohannis or de Bellis Libycis of Flavius Cresconius Corippus (Studies in Classics 7). Lewiston/NY 1998 (Translation).

References

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  • Averil Cameron, "Corippus' Poem on Justin II. A Terminus of Antique Art?", Annali Scuola Norm. Sup. Pisa, Ser. III. 5 (1975), 129–165.
  • W. Ehlers, "Epische Kunst in Coripps Johannis," Philologus, 124 (1980), 109-135.
  • John Martindale, The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, IIIa. (Cambridge, 1992), p. 354f.
  • Heinz Hofmann, "Corippus, Flavius Cresconius," in Der Neue Pauly, Vol. 3 (1997), pp. 165f.
  • J.U. Andres, Das Göttliche in der "Johannis" des Corippus. Antike Götterwelt und christliche Gottesvorstellung im Widerstreit? (Trier, 1997).
  • V. Zarini, Rhétorique, poetiqué, spiritualité: La technique épique de Corippe dans la Johannide (Turnhout, 2003).
  • Ch.O. Tommasi, "Exegesis by Distorting Pagan Myths in Corippus’ Epic Poetry," in Poetry and Exegesis in Premodern Latin Christianity: The Encounter between Classical and Christian Strategies of Interpretation. Eds. Willemien Otten and Karla Pollmann (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2007) (Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae, 87).
  • Gärtner, Thomas, Untersuchungen zur Gestaltung und zum historischen Stoff der "Johannis" Coripps (Berlin: de Gruyter, 2008) (Untersuchungen zur antiken Literatur und Geschichte, 90).
  • C. Schindler, Per carmina laudes. Untersuchungen zur spätantiken Verspanegyrik von Claudian bis Coripp (Berlin/New York, 2009).
  • Peter Riedlberger (ed.), Philologischer, historischer und liturgischer Kommentar zum 8. Buch der Johannis des Goripp nebst kritischer Edition und Übersetzung (Groningen: Egbert Forsten, 2010).

Footnotes

  1. ^ M.L.W. Laistner, Thought and Letters in Western Europe (Cornell: University Press, 1957), p. 113.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Corippus — Corippus, Flavius Cresconius, geb. in Afrika, Bischof, Grammatiker u. Dichter im 6. Jahrh.; er schr.: De laudibus Justini minoris, Antw. 1681, Altorf 1743; Fragmentum panegyrici in Justinum minorem, herausgegeben von Götz, Altorf 1743, auch in… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Corippus — Corippus, Flavius Cresconius, aus Afrika, im 6. Jahrh. n. Chr., Grammatiker, später Hofbeamter in Konstantinopel, verfaßte zwei historische Epen: »Johannis (seu de bellis Libycis)« in 8 Büchern, eine chronikartige Schilderung des Maurenkrieges… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • CORIPPUS — Grammaticus Poeta Afer, sub Iustino II. de quo scripsit Poema historicum, 4. libr. a Mich. Ruizio primum editum. Adulatorium eius stylum carpit Nic. Alemannus, in praef. Hist. Procop. l. 9. Vide Voss, de Hist. Lat. l. 3. c. 3. p. 748. et de Poet …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Corippus — Flavius Cresconius Corippus (oder Gorippus, eingedeutscht Coripp; * um 500; † um 570) war ein spätantiker lateinischer Dichter. Er gilt oft als der letzte bedeutende lateinische Poet des Altertums. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Literatur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Corippus —    African poet; author of the Johannis, an epic poem in eight books of Latin hexameters that extols the deeds of John Troglita against the Moors (qq.v.) in 546 548. The Johannis is the chief source for Troglita s campaign, besides including… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Corippus — Corippe Corippe[1](Crippus ou Falvius Cresconius[2]) est un poète épique et grammairien de la fin de l Antiquité Tardive. C est un auteur latin du VIe siècle (né vers 500 et mort en 568). Il a vécu pendant le règne de Justinien. Parmi ses œuvres… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Corippus, Flavius Cresconius — ▪ Latin poet flourished 6th century AD       important Latin epic poet and panegyrist.       Of African origin, Corippus migrated to Constantinople. His Johannis, an epic poem in eight books, treats the campaign conducted against the insurgent… …   Universalium

  • Flavius Cresconius Corippus — was a late Roman epic poet of the 6th century, who flourished under East Roman Emperors Justinian I and Justin II. His major works are the epic poem Johannis and the panegyric In laudem Justini minoris . Corippus was probably the last important… …   Wikipedia

  • Flavius Cresconius Corippus — (* um 500, † um 570) war ein spätantiker lateinischer Dichter. Er gilt als der letzte bedeutende lateinische Poet des Altertums. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Literatur 2.1 Ausgaben und Übersetzungen 2.2 Sekundärliteratur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • КОРИПП —    • Corippus,          полное имя Flavius Cresconius С., родом из Африки, написал во второй половине 6 в. от Р. X. 2 эпических стихотворения панегерического характера, Iohannidos s. de bellis Libycis 1. VII и de laudibus Iustini Augusti (565 578 …   Реальный словарь классических древностей


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.