Coolidge v. New Hampshire


Coolidge v. New Hampshire
Coolidge v. New Hampshire
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Supreme Court of the United States
Argued January 12, 1971
Decided June 21, 1971
Full case name Coolidge v. New Hampshire
Prior history Certiorari to the Supreme Court of New Hampshire
Holding
The warrant for the search and seizure of petitioner's automobile did not satisfy the requirements of the Fourth Amendment, because it was not issued by a "neutral and detached magistrate."
Court membership
Case opinions
Majority Stewart, joined by Burger, Harlan, Douglas, Brennan, Marshall
Concurrence Harlan
Concur/dissent Burger
Concur/dissent Black, joined by Burger, Blackmun
Concur/dissent White, joined by Burger

Coolidge v. New Hampshire, 403 U.S. 443 (1971) was a United States Supreme Court case dealing with the Fourth Amendment and the automobile exception.

The state sought to justify the search of Edward Coolidge's car on three theories: automobile exception, search incident, and plain view.

Facts of the Case: In the wake of a "particularly brutal" murder of a fourteen-year-old girl, the New Hampshire Attorney General took charge of police activities relating to the murder. When the police applied for a warrant to search suspect Coolidge's automobile, the Attorney General, acting as a justice of the peace, authorized it. Additionally, local police had taken items from Coolidge's home during the course of an interview with the suspect's wife. Coolidge was found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment.

In a decision in which a number of justices chose to concur in part and dissent in part, the Court held that the searches and seizures of Coolidge's property were unconstitutional. Justice Stewart's opinion held that the warrant authorizing the seizure of Coolidge's automobile was invalid because it was not issued by a "neutral and detached magistrate." Stewart also rejected New Hampshire's arguments in favor of making an exception to the warrant requirement. Stewart held that neither the "incident to arrest" doctrine nor the "plain view" doctrine justified the search, and that an "automobile exception" was inapplicable.

Further reading

  • Wright, Charles Alan (1971), "Must the Criminal Go Free If the Constable Blunders", Texas Law Review 50 (4): 736–745 .

http://www.oyez.org/cases/1970-1979/1970/1970_323


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • New Hampton, New Hampshire —   Town   Gordon Nash Library c. 1915 …   Wikipedia

  • New Durham, New Hampshire — Town of New Durham   Town   Free Will Baptist Church …   Wikipedia

  • New Hampshire Republican State Committee — The New Hampshire Republican State Committee is the affiliate of the United States Republican Party in New Hampshire. The Republican Executive Committee is headed by Chairman and former New Hampshire gubernatorial primary candidate, Jack Kimball …   Wikipedia

  • New Hampshire primary — Elections in New Hampshire Federal offices …   Wikipedia

  • New Hampshire primary — Primaire du New Hampshire La primaire du New Hampshire est la première élection primaire tenue aux États Unis tous les quatre ans, dans le processus d investiture des candidats républicain et démocrate à l élection présidentielle. Tenue dans le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Primaire du New Hampshire — La primaire du New Hampshire est la première élection primaire tenue aux États Unis tous les quatre ans, dans le processus d investiture des candidats républicain et démocrate à l élection présidentielle. Tenue dans le petit État du New Hampshire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Rockingham County, New Hampshire — Location of Rockingham County in New Hampshire This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Rockingham County, New Hampshire. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National… …   Wikipedia

  • Goffstown, New Hampshire —   Town   Seal …   Wikipedia

  • Portsmouth (New Hampshire) — 43° 04′ 32″ N 70° 45′ 41″ W / 43.075556, 70.761389 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claremont, New Hampshire —   City   City Hall …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.