Coode Island

Map of Coode Island after a channel was cut in 1886, diverting the flow of the Yarra River, creating Coode Island.
Coode Island viewed from the junction of the Yarra and Maribyrnong Rivers

Coode Island, was an island at the convergence of the Yarra and Maribyrnong Rivers, 4km west of central Melbourne, Australia. Today the low-lying land is part of the Port of Melbourne, site of Swanson and Appleton Docks and their associated container storage and rail yards, as well as a number of chemical storage facilities.

History

Originally extensive low-lying wetlands, the area became an island after a channel was dug to shorten the length of the Yarra River in 1886.[1][2] A shipping canal was constructed to the south of the existing course of the river through Fishermans Bend, to allow access from the Port of Melbourne to Yarraville. The boundaries were the canal on the south, the Maribyrnong River on the west and the Yarra River on the north and east. Once formed, the island became an industrial area of 97 hectares. The island was named after Sir John Coode, an English harbour engineer who was engaged by the Melbourne Harbour Trust to select the optimum route for the canal as part of the Port of Melbourne. The former course of the Yarra River was slowly filled in over the years, along with the associated swamps, and by the mid 20th century, Coode Island was no longer a true island, although the name remained.

By 1909 the area was being used as an animal quarantine station and after 1915 as a sanatorium for victims of bubonic plague and other contagious diseases.[3] By the 1920s the area was inhabited by hermits living in huts and abandoned ships. In 1927 the Larkin Aircraft Supply Company had set up operations on the island, including a factory and aerodrome,[4][5] which was used until World War II.

In 1960 the area began being used for the storage of petrochemicals. In 1968 the Swanson Dock container terminal was constructed on the south side of the former island, which reduced the size of Coode Island.

On 21 August 1991 St Elmos Fire ignited one of the storage tanks, resulting in the Coode Island explosion. 8.5 million litres of chemicals burned, creating a toxic cloud over nearby residential suburbs, which was fortunately dispersed by high winds.[6][7][8][9][10]

Proposals were made to move the facility to Point Lillias near Geelong,[11][12] but environmental and Aboriginal heritage concerns thwarted the plans. In 2000 the Bracks Government announced that Coode Island would be the site of Victoria's major petrochemical storage facility, with six companies leasing the facility from the Melbourne Port Authority.

See also

References

  1. ^ "History of the port". Port of Melbourne. http://www.portofmelbourne.com/community/maritimeheritage/porthistory.asp. Retrieved 2008-08-21. 
  2. ^ GREAT HARBOUR PROJECTED. How the Port Has Grown. Sir John Coode's Great Part. The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) 9 September 1926
  3. ^ The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW), 3 July 1915, COODE ISLAND. MELBOURNE, Friday. The Premier (Sir Alexander Peacock) stated to-day that it had been decided to sell the quarantine station at Coode Island to the military authorities. It is proposed that returning soldiers suffering from contagious diseases, such as typhoid fever and measles, shall be accommodated at Coode Island.
  4. ^ "Larkin, Herbert Joseph (1894 - 1972)". Australian Dictionary of Biography Online. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A090676b.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-21. 
  5. ^ COODE ISLAND AIR PORT., The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.) 14 September 1927 p 23 Article Illustrated
  6. ^ "Coode Island, Melbourne, Vic: Explosion & Chemical Fire". Emergency Management Australia. http://www.ema.gov.au/ema/emadisasters.nsf/54273a46a9c753b3ca256d0900180220/dce42babf5210b47ca256d3300057b6e?OpenDocument. Retrieved 2008-08-21. [dead link]
  7. ^ Chemical accidents at Coode Island:1991 Aug 21-22, Fire and explosion in tanks at Terminals, involving acrylonitrile (acts like cyanide on the human body), Benzene (effects nervous system and causes leukaemia), Phenol and Methyl Ethyl Ketone. Residents and workers evacuated from the immediate vicinity; other residents told to stay inside. Smoke plume carried as far as Fern Tree Gully and covered the Central Business District. A number of firefighters were injured., (The Hazardous Materials Action Group)HAZMAG
  8. ^ Coode Island Review Panel, FINAL REPORT, Prepared for the Victorian Government, March 1992, Coode Island Community Consultative Committee
  9. ^ Don’t Mention It - Coode Island and Environmental Disclosure Strategies in the Australian Chemicals Industry, By Kathy Gibson, Senior Lecturer in Accounting & Professor Gary O’Donovan, University of Tasmania, Edwards School of Business
  10. ^ ABC News 1991 with Clive Hale, story Coode Island chemical fire Melbourne Video on Youtube
  11. ^ "About Coode Island". Coode Island Community Consultative Committee. http://www.ciccc.org/coodeisland.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-21. 
  12. ^ The Point Lillias Chemical Storage Facility:A proposed chemical storage facility for Victoria

Coordinates: 37°48′55″S 144°54′26″E / 37.81528°S 144.90722°E / -37.81528; 144.90722


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Coode (engineer) — Infobox Engineer image width = 150px caption = A woodcut of John Coode made after his death name = John Coode nationality = English birth date = November 11 1816 birth place = Bodmin, Cornwall death date = Death date and age|1892|3|2|1816|11|11… …   Wikipedia

  • Yarra River — Geobox | River name = Yarra other name = Birrarung other name1 = other name2 = other name3 = other name4 = other name5 = category = image caption = The Yarra River as it flows north west towards central Melbourne, passing underneath the Swan… …   Wikipedia

  • Port of Melbourne — Container crane and ship at Swanson Dock East Facility information Location West Melbourne …   Wikipedia

  • West Melbourne, Victoria — West Melbourne Melbourne, Victoria Aerial view of eastern commercial and residential section of West Melbourne looking south toward Melbourne CBD and Docklands. North Melbourne ra …   Wikipedia

  • Yarra River — Birrarung Karte des Yarra samt seiner Nebenflüsse DatenVorlage:Infobox Fluss/GKZ fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Point Wilson, Victoria — Infobox Australian Place | type = name = Point Wilson state = vic caption = Road towards Point Wilson lga = City of Greater Geelong postcode = 3212 est = pop = elevation= 18 maxtemp = mintemp = rainfall = stategov = fedgov = dist1 = dir1 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of Australian history — This is a timeline of Australian history.BC*c. 68,000 BC 40,000 BC: Aboriginal tribes thought to have arrived in Australia.1600s*1606 (March): The Duke of York s ship Duyfken , under Captain Willem Janszoon, explores the western coast of Cape… …   Wikipedia

  • Geography of the Yarra River — The Yarra River is a river in southern Victoria, Australia. This article contains explainations and lists of the river s tributaries and other geographic features. The river s major tributaries are the Plenty River, Merri Creek, Darebin Creek,… …   Wikipedia

  • Orange-bellied Parrot — Male in South West Tasmania Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • List of Melbourne suburbs — This is a list of Municipalities and their suburbs and townships in the greater metropolitan area of Melbourne, in the State of Victoria, Australia.Each suburb is followed by its postcode. (Some suburbs share the same postcode). Most Victorian… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.