- 2010 Itawamba County School District prom controversy
The 2010 Itawamba County School District prom controversy took place in Itawamba County, Mississippi, and began when lesbian student Constance McMillen was refused permission to bring her girlfriend as a date, and to wear a tuxedo, to the Itawamba County Agricultural High School prom. As a result of a lawsuit brought against the school, the school canceled the prom and encouraged parents to organize a private prom. The parents organized a private prom, but canceled it. A second private prom was organized and represented to be the official prom. Meanwhile, parents organized a secret prom to which McMillen was not invited and which most of the student body attended. The school district settled the lawsuit by agreeing to a payment to McMillen and adoption of a sexual orientation non-discrimination policy.
In March 2010, the Itawamba County School District board made international news after it decided to cancel the prom for Itawamba Agricultural High School because 18-year old lesbian student Constance McMillen had requested permission to take a same-sex date to the event, and to wear a tuxedo. The school board encouraged the creation of a private prom. On March 10, 2010, the American Civil Liberties Union filed a free speech lawsuit on McMillen's behalf, seeking an injunction which would reinstate the prom. The ACLU stated that it was "shameful and cowardly of the school district to have canceled the prom and to try to blame [the student]". On April 21, 2010, an amended complaint was filed, seeking compensatory damages. A court hearing was scheduled to take place on Monday, March 22, 2010.
On a March 12, 2010 appearance on the national CBS Early Show, McMillen claimed that she had first asked the school principal about bringing a same-sex date to the prom in December 2009, and that he said it was not allowed, due to a concern that pairs of same sex friends who were not in a relationship would buy less expensive couples tickets instead of individual tickets. McMillen said she told him "you can't pretend like there's not gay people at our school, and if you tell people they can't bring a same-sex date, that is discrimination to them." Although the school board did not explicitly say the prom was cancelled due to McMillen's request, the cancellation came only one week after the ACLU sent a letter to the board pleading her case.
Subsequent to international press coverage of the prom's cancellation, many groups offered to sponsor a non-discriminatory prom and enough money was reportedly raised to host one. However, it was reported that adults posted signs in protest on the high school, including ones stating "What happened to the Bible Belt?", and "Gomorrah".
On March 23, 2010, U.S. District Court Judge Glen H. Davidson issued a ruling in favor of both McMillen and the Itawamba County School District. Judge Davidson ruled that Itawamba County School District did violate McMillen's First Amendment rights by not allowing her to attend the prom with her girlfriend, not allowing her to wear a tuxedo and cancelling the prom. Judge Davidson wrote, "The court finds this expression and communication of her viewpoint is the type of speech that falls squarely within the purview of the First Amendment." However, in favor of the Itawamba County School District, Judge Davidson ruled that he would not force the school district to hold the prom since a private prom had already been planned. At the preliminary hearing, school board members testified that all junior and senior students would be allowed to attend the private prom but did not make it clear as to whether or not same-sex couples would be allowed to attend. McMillen received no official information on, or an invitation to, the private prom.
During the hearing, the school board testified that they cancelled the prom because the "media attention generated distracted the school from its educational mission, and that the board cancelled the prom in an attempt to restore order". Judge Davidson said he was not swayed by that testimony because the high school's own principal had testified to the opposite, saying that "e-mail and phone calls generated by the controversy had no impact on classroom instruction".
The school was later ordered to pay $35,000 in damages to McMillen, pay her attorneys' fees and create a non-discrimination policy.
On March 30, 2010, The Clarion-Ledger newspaper reported that the original private prom scheduled to be held at the Tupelo Furniture Market had been cancelled after McMillen attempted to purchase a ticket. Lori Byrd, who served on the parent organizing committee of the private prom, told the newspaper that there were many parents involved who did not want to be sued for not allowing same-sex dates at the private prom, so they cancelled it. However, the Northeast Mississippi Daily Journal reported the following day that a new official private prom had been organized, to be held at the Fulton Country Club, and that McMillen would be allowed to attend with her girlfriend.
McMillen and her date attended the prom, but found only five other students in attendance including two students "with learning difficulties". A second secret private prom had been arranged by parents, to be held in the community of Evergreen, and the rest of the students chose to attend that prom instead of the official private prom. McMillen said she was aware of the "Evergreen" event but when she asked another student if she was invited, the student told her, "the prom is at the country club." McMillen said she took that answer as a "no" in regards to her question on whether or not she was invited and details about the secret private prom were kept from her.
Students who attended the "Evergreen" prom posted photos of the event on their Facebook pages, but many of the photos were deleted after they became public. Some students said the event was not a prom but was instead a birthday party, while others said it was just a private party. However, while claiming the event was not a prom publicly, students uploaded photos from the event to their Facebook pages labeled as "Prom 2010" and posted status updates which referred to the gathering as "prom".
Media and celebrity attention
The controversy brought about world wide media attention as well as attention from celebrities.
Ellen DeGeneres invited McMillen to be a guest on her television show, The Ellen DeGeneres Show. On the show, DeGeneres presented McMillen with a $30,000 scholarship, paid for and donated by Tonic.com.
McMillen was also invited to be a guest by Wanda Sykes on her television show, The Wanda Sykes Show. On the show, Sykes noted that she was receiving the Stephen F. Kolzack Award at the 2010 GLAAD Media Awards and that award recipients, such as her, could decide whom they wanted to present their award. Sykes said that she would like McMillen to come to Los Angeles, at Sykes's expense, and be the person who presented the award to her.
Celebrity blogger Perez Hilton invited, and she accepted, McMillen and guests of her choosing to attend at his expense a birthday bash being held for him. When he posted about it on his web site, he wrote that "she will be treated like a homecoming queen for the day."
- LGBT rights
- ^ CNN Wire Staff (2010-07-20). "Mississippi school pays damages to lesbian teen over prom dispute". CNN. Atlanta, Georgia, USA: Turner Broadcasting System. Archived from the original on 2011-02-27. http://www.webcitation.org/5woNLWDDr. Retrieved 2011-02-27.
- ^ a b Joyner, Chris (2010-03-11). "Miss. prom canceled after lesbian's date request". USA Today (McLean, Virginia, USA: Gannett Company). ISSN 0734-7456. Archived from the original on 2010-04-04. http://www.webcitation.org/5okMbDs7o. Retrieved 2010-05-31.
- ^ Sheila Byrd (Associated Press) (March 11, 2010). "Lesbian teen back at Miss. school after prom flap". Yahoo! News. http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20100311/ap_on_re_us/us_lesbian_prom_date. Retrieved March 11, 2010. [dead link]
- ^ Meghan Housley (March 11, 2010). "Mississippi school board cancels prom over lesbian and her date". National Post. http://network.nationalpost.com/NP/blogs/posted/archive/2010/03/11/mississipi-school-board-cancels-prom-over-lesbian-and-her-date.aspx. Retrieved March 11, 2010.
- ^ "Radio interview with Constance McMillan". KGO (AM). March 11, 2010. http://members.kgoradio.com/kgo_archives/player.php?day=4&hour=11. Retrieved March 11, 2010.
- ^ David Gardner (March 13, 2010). "School cancels prom after lesbian pupil asks to take her girlfriend... and wear a dinner suit". Mail Online. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/worldnews/article-1257354/Constance-McMillen-School-bans-prom-lesbian-student-asks-girlfriend--wear-tuxedo.html. Retrieved March 13, 2010.
- ^ Chris Joyner (March 11, 2010). "ACLU files suit against Miss. school for canceling prom". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2010-03-11-no-prom-mississippi_N.htm. Retrieved March 11, 2010. Archived at WebCite
- ^ Constance McMillen (10 March 2010). "Constance McMillen v. Itawamba County School District". ACLU. http://www.aclu.org/files/assets/McMillen_complaint_final.pdf. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- ^ Constance McMillen (21 April 2010). "Constance McMillen v. Itawamba County School District". ACLU. http://www.aclu.org/files/assets/McMillen_Amended_Complaint_04.21.10.pdf. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- ^ Constance McMillen. "Fulton, MS Prom Discrimination". ACLU. http://www.aclu.org/lgbt-rights/fulton-ms-prom-discrimination. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- ^ "Lesbian teenager files lawsuit against school district". WLBT. Raycom Media. 22 April 2010. http://www.wlbt.com/Global/story.asp?S=12353293. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- ^ a b "Lesbian Teen Speaks Out on Cancelled Prom". The Early Show. March 12, 2010. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2010/03/12/earlyshow/main6292120.shtml. Retrieved March 12, 2010.
- ^ a b Chris Joyner (March 15, 2010). "Itawamba prom hearing could be held by Monday". The Clarion-Ledger. http://www.clarionledger.com/article/20100316/NEWS/3160350/1001/NEWS. Retrieved March 17, 2010. [dead link] Archived at WebCite
- ^ a b c d e f g Chris Joyner (March 24, 2010). "Both sides claim win in lesbian's prom lawsuit". The Clarion-Ledger. http://www.clarionledger.com/article/20100324/NEWS/3240360. Retrieved March 24, 2010. [dead link] Archived at WebCite
- ^ CNN Wire Staff (March 23, 2010). "Judge: School violated lesbian's rights, but prom cancellation valid". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2010/LIVING/03/23/mississippi.lesbians.prom/index.html. Retrieved March 24, 2010. Archived at WebCite
- ^ a b Chris Joyner (March 30, 2010). "Parent-sponsored prom in Itawamba canceled". The Clarion-Ledger. http://www.hattiesburgamerican.com/article/20100330/NEWS01/100330015/Parent-sponsored+prom+in+Itawamba+canceled+. Retrieved April 1, 2010. [dead link] Archived at WebCite
- ^ Chris Kieffer and Alisha Wilson (March 31, 2010). "Itawamba prom off, then on again". Northeast Mississippi Daily Journal. http://nems360.com/view/full_story/6891294/article-Itawamba-prom-off--then-on-again?. Retrieved April 1, 2010. Archived at WebCite
- ^ a b Unknown (April 5, 2010). "McMillen: I Was Sent to Fake Prom". The Advocate. http://www.advocate.com/News/Daily_News/2010/04/05/ACLU_Investigating_Fake_Prom/. Retrieved April 5, 2010. Archived at WebCite
- ^ a b Chris Kieffer (April 5, 2010). "UPDATE: McMillen goes to Itawamba County prom that is sparsely attended". Northeast Mississippi Daily Journal. http://nems360.com/view/full_story/6946554/article-UPDATE--McMillen-attends-sparse-Itawamba-prom. Retrieved April 5, 2010. Archived at WebCite
- ^ Jake Simpson (April 6, 2010). "Lesbian Couple Sent to Fake Prom". The Atlantic Wire. http://www.theatlanticwire.com/features/view/feature/Lesbian-Couple-Sent-to-Fake-Prom-1015. Retrieved April 11, 2010.
- ^ Kim LaCapria. "Followup: Constance McMillen’s classmates confirm prom ruse, the fact that they’re bigoted". The Inquisitr. http://www.inquisitr.com/69069/constance-mcmillen-fake-prom-confirmed/.
- ^ QMI Agency (April 7, 2010). "Students send lesbian to decoy prom". Toronto Sun. http://www.torontosun.com/news/world/2010/04/07/13501391.html. Retrieved April 12, 2010.
- ^ Editorial board (April 7, 2010). "Mississippi outrage: 'Fake proms' for lesbians". The Week Magazine. http://theweek.com/article/index/201598/Mississippi_outrage_Fake_proms_for_lesbians. Retrieved April 12, 2010.
- ^ Carlin DeGuerin Miller (April 7, 2010). "Constance McMillen faces Facebook Backlash as her Classmates Ridicule her Online". CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-504083_162-20001910-504083.html. Retrieved April 12, 2010.
- ^ Advocate.com Editors (March 23, 2010). "School Wrong, But Prom Won't Go On". The Advocate. http://www.advocate.com/News/Daily_News/2010/03/23/McMillens_School_Wrong_But_Prom_Wont_Have_to_Go_On/. Retrieved April 7, 2010. Archived at WebCite
- ^ Associated Press (March 19, 2010). "Ellen presents $30K to lesbian teen in prom flap". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/life/people/2010-03-19-degeneres_N.htm. Retrieved April 7, 2010. Archived at WebCite
- ^ Advocate.com Editors (March 14, 2010). "Sykes Interviews Lesbian Barred From Prom". The Advocate. http://www.advocate.com/News/Daily_News/2010/03/14/Sykes_Interviews_Lesbian_Barred_From_Prom/. Retrieved April 7, 2010. Archived at WebCite
- ^ Advocate.com Editors (March 16, 2010). "Constance to Party With Perez". The Advocate. http://www.advocate.com/News/Daily_News/2010/03/16/Constance_to_Party_with_Perez/. Retrieved April 7, 2010. Archived at WebCite
- ^ QMI Agency (2010-04-15). "Gay teen banned from prom to lead NYC pride parade". torontosun.com. http://www.torontosun.com/news/world/2010/04/15/13595146.html. Retrieved 2010-04-22.
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