Telecommunications in Turkey

Communications Of Turkey
Telephones main lines in use 16.534 million (2009) 18th in world [1]
Telephones mobile cellular 62.78 million(2009) 17th in world [2]
Telephone system
  • Urban Areas: both fiber-optic cable and digital microwave radio relay
  • Remote areas are reached by a domestic satellite system
International service
  • Three submarine fiber-optic cables in the Mediterranean and Black Seas linking Turkey with Italy, Greece, Israel, Bulgaria, Romania, and Russia
  • Overland fiber-optic cables connecting Turkey to Greece, Bulgaria, and now also Syria and Iraq
  • 12 Intelsat earth stations, and by 328 mobile satellite terminals in the Inmarsat and Eutelsat systems (2002)
country calling code 90
Radio broadcast stations AM 16, FM 107, shortwave 6 (2001)
Radios 11.3 million (1997)
Television broadcast stations 635 (plus 2,934 repeaters) (1995)
Televisions 20.9 million (1997)
Internet country code .tr
Internet hosts 3.433 million (2010)[3]
Internet Service Providers ISPs 50 (2001)
Internet users 27.233 million (2009) [4]

The telecommunications liberalisation process started in 2004 after the creation of the Telecommunication Authority, and is still ongoing. Private sector companies operate in mobile telephony, long distance telephony and Internet access. There were 16.5 million fixed phone lines, 62.8 million mobile phone subscribers, and 6.2 million broadband subscribers by December 2009.[5]

Telecommunications liberalisation is progressing, but at a slow pace. The Telecommunication Authority (now renamed Bilgi İletişim ve Teknolojileri Kurumu or BTK) while technically an independent organization, is still controlled by the Ministry of Transport and Communications [6].

While progress is being made, for example local as well as long distance calls are now open to competition, the incumbent has so far managed in many areas to restrict access and protect its monopoly; for example wholesale line rental is still not available to alternative operators, making it necessary for subscribers to pay two bills (one for line rental to the incumbent, and one to the chosen operator). The incumbent has also so far managed to prevent any operator from connecting its own fiber optic cable at local loop unbundling exchanges, though it is technically required to allow this. Recently, the incumbent announced it is acquiring Invitel, one of only two other players in the inter-city capacity business, raising questions as to how the Turkish Competition Board will treat the acquisition.

The lack of progress by the BTK in ensuring a competitive playing field can be evidenced by the market share the incumbent still holds. In broadband, the incumbent's provider still occupies roughly 95% share of the market. The Governmental Audit Office of the President (T.C. Cumhurbaşkanlığı Devlet Denetleme Kurulu) issued a highly critical report of the BTK in February 2010, listing 115 findings to be addressed. For example finding #20 points out that the BTK has completed only 50% to 78% of its stated work plans in each of the years from 2005-2008.[7] Alternative operators are rapidly growing, yet much progress needs to be made by the BTK to improve the competitive landscape.



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Telecommunications in the People's Republic of China — Telecommunications in China redirects here. For the industry, see Telecommunications industry in China. This article is about Communications in the People s Republic of China, excluding Hong Kong and Macau (see Communications in Hong Kong and… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Armenia — Telecommunications Republic of Armenia …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Cambodia — Telecommunications Communications towers in Kampong Thom Telephone land lines 54,200 (2009) Mobile lines …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Mauritius — Telecommunications had an early beginning in Mauritius, with the first telephone line installed in 1883, seven years after the invention of the telephone. Over the years, the network and telephony improved. By the late 20th century, the rapid… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Syria — is slowly moving towards liberalization, with a number of licenses awarded and services launched in the Internet service provision market. The initiative reflects the government’s change in attitude towards liberalization, following its promise… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Thailand — are based on an extensive network of telephone lines covering the country. TOT Public Company Limited and True Corporation operate the majority of the telephone network in the Bangkok metropolitan area while TOT Public Company Limited and TT T… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Uzbekistan — Telecommunications Republic of Uzbekistan …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Australia — deals with telecommunications in Australia, involving the availability and use of electronic devices and services, such as the telephone, television, radio or computer, for the purpose of communication. Contents 1 Early 2 Deregulation and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in South Africa — Telecommunications infrastructure in South Africa provides modern and efficient service to urban areas, including cellular and internet services. In 1997, Telkom, the South African telecommunications parastatal, was partly privatised and entered… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Mexico — Telecommunications Telmex Retail Store in Puerto Vallarta Telephone land lines 19.8 million (2006) Mobile lines 57 million (2006) …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.