Telecommunications in Somaliland

Telecommunications in Somaliland, a de facto independent republic which is recognized as a part of Somalia, is characterized by a very low ICT usage. However, there is clear potential for development, especially with the regard to the presence of telecommunication companies from neighboring countries, expatriates engaged in universities and other sectors, and the presence of six telecommunications operators and several VSAT operators.

There is no telecommunication regulatory institution in the Somaliland region. There is consensus among actors that it would be desirable, but Somaliland is at the beginning of the institutional creation process.

Telesom was established in the year 2001. It later become the leading provider of telecommunication services in the region and holds 90% of mobile subscribers and the other 10% switch between other operators. Telesom provides a variety of mobile communication products and services. They offer prepaid call plans, monthly subscription plans, International Roaming, MMS, WAP (over both GSM and GPRS), Residential Fixed Line services,Broadband Internet plans, and 3rd of July,2011, 3G services started to both prepaid and postpaid subscription customers.

The competition in the telecommunication market is “a negotiated competition”. All operators cooperate in the Somaliland Telecommunication Operators Association, where they agree on prices and give information on this to the Ministry. Prices are uniform and adjusted according to inflation and the exchange rate to the US-dollar.

Fierce competition has driven consumer costs down; international calls on mobile phones cost $0.30 U.S. per minute or less, five or six times lower than in most African countries. The low prices for international calls may be seen as a combined result of real “competition”; low economic level/development and no public intervention.

Telecommunication companies are shareholder entities and are the most important source of income generation and employment opportunities for Youth. There are about 6 main Telecom operators in Somaliland: Telesom, Telcom, Africa Online, Nation Link, Somtel and Soltelco. Telesom is the biggest ISP and telecom provider in Somaliland.

Satellite technology is playing an instrumental role in Somaliland. Based on 2002 prices, it has been shown that a VSAT-based asymmetrical 128/64 connection in any given location in Somaliland costs $0.058 per minute, assuming the connection is used 24 hours per day, seven days per week. Further, the connection may be shared by several PCs and the “per minute charge” can then be lowered accordingly. A tele-centre scenario in Somaliland showed the rate per PC to be $0.005 per minute.

In 2010, a Somaliland company, Somaliland Cable (SomCable) Ltd announced it was contracted to deploy the submarine cable from Djibouti to Somaliland would pull the submarine cable from Djibouti port to Berbera by sea (submarine cable) and on land, it would run cost effective land based long haul fiber-optic communications networks from Djibouti to Somaliland. SomCable declared it would invest $35 million USD on the project and would employ more than 10,000 locals where funding will come from the current President Silanyo.[citation needed]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Telecommunications in Mauritius — Telecommunications had an early beginning in Mauritius, with the first telephone line installed in 1883, seven years after the invention of the telephone. Over the years, the network and telephony improved. By the late 20th century, the rapid… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in South Africa — Telecommunications infrastructure in South Africa provides modern and efficient service to urban areas, including cellular and internet services. In 1997, Telkom, the South African telecommunications parastatal, was partly privatised and entered… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Ethiopia — is currently a monopoly in the control of the Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation (ETC); all telephone service and internet access[clarification needed] requires ETC to be involved. As of 2006, 866,700 cellular phones and 725,000 main line… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in the People's Republic of China — Telecommunications in China redirects here. For the industry, see Telecommunications industry in China. This article is about Communications in the People s Republic of China, excluding Hong Kong and Macau (see Communications in Hong Kong and… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Australia — deals with telecommunications in Australia, involving the availability and use of electronic devices and services, such as the telephone, television, radio or computer, for the purpose of communication. Contents 1 Early 2 Deregulation and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Cambodia — Telecommunications Communications towers in Kampong Thom Telephone land lines 54,200 (2009) Mobile lines …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Armenia — Telecommunications Republic of Armenia …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Eritrea — Telecommunications infrastructure in Eritrea is poorly developed and controlled by the government. Statistics are not widely available on all sectors, but it was estimated that in 2003–4 there were 38,100 main telephones lines, around 1,050… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Mexico — Telecommunications Telmex Retail Store in Puerto Vallarta Telephone land lines 19.8 million (2006) Mobile lines 57 million (2006) …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Canada — include telephone, radio, television, and internet usage. Contents 1 Telephone 2 Radio 3 Television 4 Internet 5 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.