Telecommunications in Mauritius


Telecommunications in Mauritius

Telecommunications had an early beginning in Mauritius, with the first telephone line installed in 1883, seven years after the invention of the telephone. Over the years, the network and telephony improved. By the late 20th century, the rapid development and convergence of information and telecommunications technologies gave rise to an ICT industry on the island along with many incentives provided by the government. The government thus aims to make the ICT sector the 5th pillar of the Mauritian economy and Mauritius a Cyber Island.[1]

Contents

History

In 1883, basic telephony was introduced in Mauritius, only seven years after the invention of the telephone. The first telephone line was set up between the Colony Governor's residence in Reduit and Government House in Port Louis. [2] The telephone network was maintained by the Electricity and Telephone Department till 1956. From that date, the telecommunications department took that responsibility. [3]

In 1893, Mauritius was linked to Zanzibar via a sub-marine telegraphic cable followed by Rodrigues in 1901. [3]

Before the independence of the country and till 1985, international communications were managed by Cable and Wireless, a private British company. From 1985, Overseas Telecommunications Services, which subsequently became Mauritius Telecom Limited took over. [3]

The Central Information Systems Division (CISD), formerly known as Data Processing Division (DPD), was created in 1971. The CISD nowadays is responsible for government payroll IT systems, government email, maintenance of all government/departmental websites and technical support.[4]

In 1987, a second standard B earth station and a domestic satellite network were installed with Rodrigues and the Outer Islands. That same year, a X.25 Packet Switched data exchange was also installed.[5]

In July 1988, the state-owned Department of Telecommunications was privatised to become the Mauritius Telecommunications Services (MTS). With privatisation, national and international activities were merged to form Mauritius Telecom Ltd.[5]

The 1988 Telecommunications Act established the legal framework to cater for telecom services in a state-owned monopoly.[5]

The National Computer Board (NCB) was also set up in 1988 by the National Board Act (No 43) to advise the Government on the formulation of national policies for the development of the IT sector and promote an IT culture in the country.[6]

In 1989, the Central Informatics Bureau (CIB) was created whose main functions were to plan and coordinate computerization within the Civil Service. [7]

The State Informatics Limited was also set up in 1989 initially to help in the computerization of the Civil Service.[5]

By 1997, the Ministry of Information and Telecommunications was created to formulate and implement policies regarding the development of the ICT sector. The CISD and CIB became departments within this new ministry.[5]

However, following the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) at the WTO, the 1988 Telecommunications Act was replaced with by the Telecommunications Act of 1998 which provided the legal framework to enable the emergence of a free and democratised telecommunications market on the island. This act also created the Mauritius Telecommunications Authority (MTA) as a regulatory body for the telecommunications sector.[5]

With the development of Information and Communications Technologies, the Telecommunications Act of 1998 was replaced by the Information and Communication Technologies Act of 2001. The MTA was subsequently replaced by the Information and Communication Technologies Authority (ICTA).[5]

General Statistics

Telephones - main lines in use: 359,000 (2005)

Telephones - mobile cellular: 940,000 (2007)(77% of the population)

Telephone system: small system with good service
domestic: primarily microwave radio relay trunk system
international: country code - 230; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean); new microwave link to Reunion; HF radiotelephone links to several countries; fiber optic submarine cable (SAT-3/WASC/SAFE) provides connectivity to Europe and Asia

Radio broadcast stations: AM 4, FM 9, shortwave 0 (2002)

Radios: 420,000 (1997)

Television broadcast stations: 2 (plus several repeaters) (1997)

Televisions: 258,000 (1997)

Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 4 (2008)

Internet users: 180,000 (2005)

Country code (Top level domain): MU

Broadband Internet access

Mauritius has several operators like Mauritius Telecom, Nomad, Mahanagar Telephone Mauritius Limited (MTML) & Emtel. Each operator uses a different technology to provide Internet access. Nomad makes use of WiMax, MTML uses CDMA 2000 and Emtel uses HSDPA(3.5G). The monopoly is retained by Mauritius Telecom(MT) which provides dial-up & ADSL services over existing telephone lines.

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Development of ICT in Mauritius". Development of ICT in Mauritius. Ministry of Information and Communication Technology. http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/telcomit/menuitem.724316eaddce37830fa5cc10a0208a0c/. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  2. ^ The ICT Sector in Mauritius - an Overview- Retrieved October 21, 2006
  3. ^ a b c Nagapen, Amédée (2010). Histoire de la Colonie: Isle de France - Ile Maurice (1721-1968). Editions de L'Océan Indien. pp. 120. ISBN 978-99903-0-619-4. 
  4. ^ "Central Information Systems Division - About Us". Central Information Systems Division - About Us. http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/cisd/menuitem.ea557b27bae9f94da3347524e2b521ca/. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "The ICT Sector in Mauritius - An Overview". The ICT Sector in Mauritius - An Overview. Information & Communication Technologies Authority. http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/ncb/file/ictview.pdf. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "About the National Computer Board". About the National Computer Board. National Computer Board. http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/ncbnew/menuitem.e6c78af276b0a4c9fff04a10a0208a0c/. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  7. ^ "About Central Informatics Bureau (CIB)". About Central Informatics Bureau (CIB). Central Informatics Bureau. http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/cib/menuitem.824bc4e423f863b42cc8591069c521ca/. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 

External links




Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mauritius — For other uses, see Mauritius (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Mauritania. Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Mauritius Telecom — Industry Telecommunications Founded 1992 Headquarters Port Louis, Mauritius Key people Mr Sarat Dutt Lallah, CEO Mr Jean Fran …   Wikipedia

  • Mauritius Telecom — Dates clés création en 1992  Personnages clés Sarat Lallah, Chief Executive Officer; Jean Francois Thomas, Chief Operations Officer Deputy Chief Executive Siège social …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Telecommunications in South Africa — Telecommunications infrastructure in South Africa provides modern and efficient service to urban areas, including cellular and internet services. In 1997, Telkom, the South African telecommunications parastatal, was partly privatised and entered… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications de Maurice — Télécommunications de Maurice Cet article traite des télécommunications de Maurice. Maurice a comme principal opérateur téléphonique Mauritius Telecom. Emtel (opérateur privé) et Cellplus (filiale du groupe Mauritius Telecom) sont des opérateurs… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mauritius–United States relations — Mauritius – United States relations Mauritius …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Ethiopia — is currently a monopoly in the control of the Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation (ETC); all telephone service and internet access[clarification needed] requires ETC to be involved. As of 2006, 866,700 cellular phones and 725,000 main line… …   Wikipedia

  • Mauritius Amateur Radio Society — Abbreviation MARS Formation 1968[1] Type …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in the People's Republic of China — Telecommunications in China redirects here. For the industry, see Telecommunications industry in China. This article is about Communications in the People s Republic of China, excluding Hong Kong and Macau (see Communications in Hong Kong and… …   Wikipedia

  • Telecommunications in Somaliland — Telecommunications in Somaliland, a de facto independent republic which is recognized as a part of Somalia, is characterized by a very low ICT usage. However, there is clear potential for development, especially with the regard to the presence of …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.