Telecommunications in Brazil


Telecommunications in Brazil
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Demographics · Economy · Energy · Foreign relations Geography · History · Military · Politics · Telecommunications ·

Transportation ·
Statistics
Land Line Terminals 34 Millions (2T2009)[1]
Mobile Phones 217 Millions (2T2009)[2]
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Brazil has both modern technologies in the center-south portion, counting with 3G HSDPA, VDSL2+, Digital TV. Other areas of the country, particularly the north and north-west regions, lack even basic analogue land line phones. This is a problem that the governnment is trying to solve by linking the liberation of new technologies (such as WiMax or PLC) only tied with compromises on extension of the service to less populated regions.

Contents

Phone system

Land line system

Statistics[3]

  • Served Locations: 37.355
  • Installed Terminals: 43.626.836
  • In Service: 33.800.370
  • Public Terminals: 1.128.350
  • Density: 22.798 Phones/100 Hab

Domestic: extensive microwave radio relay system and a domestic satellite system with 64 earth stations.[4]

International: country code - 55; landing point for a number of submarine cables, including Atlantis 2, that provide direct links to South and Central America, the Caribbean, the US, Africa, and Europe; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean region east), connected by microwave relay system to Mercosur Brazilsat B3 satellite earth station (2007)[4]

Mobile System

Statistics[2]

  • Number of Devices: 161.922.375
  • Percentage of Prepaid Lines: 81,91%
  • Density: 84,61 Phones/100 Hab

Technology Distribution[2]

Technology 2008 (Dec) 2009 (Jul)
Phone Number Month Growth Annual Growth
AMPS 11.546 6.240 0,00% -75 -45,96%
TDMA 1.153.580 541.802 0,33% -39.020 -53,03%
CDMA 12.732.287 9.527.796 5,88% -425.018 -25,17%
GSM 133.925.736 145.840.175 90,07% 2.497.642 8,90%
WCDMA 1.692.436 2.010.740 1,24% 107.710 -
CDMA 2000 452.816 218.166 0,13% -9.994 -
Data Terminals 673.002 3.777.456 2,28% 177.623 -
Total 150.641.403 161.922.375 100,00% 2.308.868 10,00%

International backbones

Submarine cables

Several submarine cables link Brazil to the world:[5]

  • Americas II cable entered operations on September 2000, connecting Brazil (Fortaleza) to United States.
  • ATLANTIS-2, with around 12 thousand kilometers in extension, operating since 2000, it connects Brazil (Rio de Janeiro and Natal) to Europe, Africa and South America. This is the only cable that connects South America to Europe.
  • EMERGIA – SAM 1 cable connects all three Americas, surrounding it with a total extension of more than 25 thousand kilometers.
  • GLOBAL CROSSING - SAC Connects all Americas, surrounding them with a total extension of more than 15 thousand kilometers.
  • GLOBENET/360 NETWORK Another link from North America to South America.
  • UNISUR Interconnects Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina.

All these cables have a bandwidth Going from 20 Gbit/s to 80 Gbit/s, and some have a projected final capacity of more than 1 Tbit/s.

Satellite connections

List of business and satellites they operate (Brazilian Geostationary Satellites)[6]

Satellite Operator Satellite Bands Orbital Positions Operational
Hispamar Amazonas 1 C e Ku 61,0º W Yes
Amazonas 2
Loral Skynet ESTRELA DO SUL Ku 63,0º W Yes
ESTRELA DO SUL 2 Ku 63,0º W No
Star One BRASILSAT-B1 C and X 70,0º W Yes
BRASILSAT-B2 C and X 65,0º W Yes
BRASILSAT-B3 C 84,0º W Yes
BRASILSAT-B4 C 92,0º W Yes
STARONE-C1 Ku 65,0º W Yes
STARONE-C2 Ku 70,0º W Yes
STARONE-C3 C and Ku 75,0º W No
STARONE-C4 C,L,S 75,0º W No
STARONE-C5 C and Ku 68,0º W No

Television and Radio

Under the Brazilian constitution, television and radio are not treated as telecommunication ways to avoid creating problems with a series of regulamentations that reduce and control how international businesses and persons participate on it. It is worth mentioning that Brazil has the 3rd biggest media conglomerate in the world, Rede Globo.

Internet

Internet has become quite popular in Brazil, with steadily growing numbers in adhesion and disponibility, with numbers that positions Brazil at the 6th spot on number of users.[7] Many technologies are actually in use to bring Broadband Internet to consumers, with ADSL and its variants being the most used, and 3G Technologies.

References


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