Greater Montreal

Greater Montreal
Greater Montreal
Grand Montréal
—  Metropolitan area  —
Montreal Metropolitan Community
Motto: L'espace pour se réaliser
Room to make it real
Country Canada
Province  Quebec
 – Total 4,258.97 km2 (1,644.40 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 – Total 3,859,318
 – Density 906.2/km2 (2,347.1/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code prefixes H, J
Area code(s) 438, 450, 514, 579

Greater Montreal is one of the two metropolitan communities of Quebec.

Greater Montreal is the most populous metropolitan area in Québec. As of 2009, Statistics Canada identifies Montréal's Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) (land area 4,259 square kilometres (1,644 sq mi)) as Canada's second most populous with a population of 3,859,318.[1] A smaller area of 3,838 square kilometres (1,482 sq mi) is governed by the Montreal Metropolitan Community (MMC) (French: Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal, CMM). This level of government is headed by a president (currently Montréal mayor Gérald Tremblay).

The inner ring is composed of densely populated municipalities located in close proximity to Downtown Montreal. It includes the entire Island of Montreal, Laval, and the Urban Agglomeration of Longueuil.

The outer ring is composed of low-density municipalities located on the fringe of Metropolitan Montreal. Most of these cities and towns are semi-rural. Specifically, the term off-island suburbs refers to those suburbs that are located on the North Shore of the Mille-Îles River, those on the South Shore that were never included in the megacity of Longueuil, and those on the Vaudreuil-Soulanges Peninsula. Communities in that area are also informally referred to as the 450, after the telephone area code that has served the region since 1998.

Due to their proximity to Montreal's downtown core, some suburbs on the South Shore (Longueuil, Brossard, Saint-Lambert, and Boucherville) are usually not included in the off-island suburbs even though they are on the mainland.


Largest cities

The logo proposed in 2008 for Greater Montreal, which quickly fell into disuse just months after its adoption.
Rank City Region Population (2006) Land Area Population Density
km2 mi2 /km2 /mi2
1 Montréal Montreal 1,620,693 365.13 140.98 4,438.7 11,496
2 Laval Laval 368,709 247.09 95.40 1,492.2 3,865
3 Longueuil South Shore 229,330 115.59 44.63 1,984.0 5,139
4 Terrebonne North Shore 94,703 154.60 59.69 612.6 1,587
5 Repentigny North Shore 76,237 61.76 23.85 1,234.5 3,197
6 Brossard South Shore 71,154 45.20 17.45 1,574.3 4,077
7 Dollard-des-Ormeaux West Island 48,930 15.10 5.83 3,240.0 8,392
8 Blainville North Shore 46,493 55.10 21.27 843.8 2,185
9 Châteauguay South Shore 42,786 35.89 13.86 1,192.1 3,088
10 Saint-Eustache North Shore 42,062 69.42 26.80 605.9 1,569

Cities and towns

A panorama of Downtown Montreal and part of its metropolitan area taken from the Chalet du Mont Royal at the top of Mount Royal

Island of Montreal





La Vallée-du-Richelieu



Urban Agglomeration of Longueuil





Mother tongue languages (2006)[2]
Language Greater Montreal Quebec Canada
French 66.5% 80.1% 22.3%
English 13.2% 8.6% 58.4%
Italian 3.5% 1.8% 1.5%
Arabic 3.1% 1.6% 0.9%
Spanish 2.6% 1.5% 1.2%
Creole 1.4% 0.7% 0.2%
Chinese 1.2% 0.6% 1.5%
Greek 1.2% 0.6% 0.4%
Portuguese 0.9% 0.5% 0.7%
Romanian 0.7% 0.4% 0.3%
Berber 0.7% 0.4% 0.3%
Vietnamese 0.7% 0.4% 0.5%
Russian 0.5% 0.3% 0.4%
Armenian 0.4% 0.2% 0.1%
Polish 0.4% 0.2% 0.7%


The Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT) (English: Metropolitan Transportation Agency) plans, integrates, and coordinates public transport across Greater Montreal, including the Island of Montreal, Laval (Île Jésus), and communities along both the north shore of the Rivière des Mille-Îles and the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River. Established in 1996, the AMT's commuter rail system has five lines linking the downtown core with communities as far west as Rigaud, as far east as Mont-Saint-Hilaire, and as far north as Saint-Jérôme. AMT's mandate also includes the management of reserved High-occupancy vehicle lanes, metropolitan bus terminuses, park-and-ride lots, and a budget of $163 million, which is shared amongst the transit corporations and inter-municipal public transit organizations. The AMT's territory spans 63 municipalities and one native reserve, 13 regional county municipalities, and 21 transit authorities. It serves a population of approximately 3.7 million people who make more than 750,000 trips daily.[citation needed]

The major transit commissions under the Metropolitan Transit Agency are:

Additionally, there are numerous smaller transit agencies known as Conseil Intermunicipal de Transport (CIT) (English: Intermunicipal Transit Councils).


Greater Montreal is home to a number of higher education institutions, including:


CEGEPs and community colleges

Other schools

See also


External links

Coordinates: 45°34′N 73°40′W / 45.56°N 73.66°W / 45.56; -73.66

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