Columbian white-tailed deer
Columbian White-tailed Deer Columbian white-tailed deer Conservation status Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Artiodactyla Family: Cervidae Genus: Odocoileus Species: O. virginianus Subspecies: O. v. leucurus Trinomial name Odocoileus virginianus leucurus
The Columbian White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus leucurus) is one of the three subspecies of white-tailed deer in North America. It is a member of the Cervidae (deer) family, which includes mule deer, elk, moose, caribou, and the black-tailed deer that lives nearby.
Habitat and description
The Columbian White-tailed Deer is named after the Columbia River in Oregon and Washington where it congregates. Columbian White-tailed Deer are found along the lower Columbia River, on a series of islands in Clatsop and Columbia counties in Oregon, and Wahkiakum County in Washington. Other populations are found in the valley floors of the Umpqua River basin.
Unlike other white-tailed deer subspecies, which may breed at six months of age, female Columbian White-tailed Deer first breed at about 18 months; they commonly have a single fawn. Male deer, or bucks, are also capable of breeding at 18 months of age.
The Columbian White-tailed Deer was federally listed as an endangered species in Washington and Oregon in 1967. Upon the creation of the Endangered Species Act, in 1978 the deer was federally recognized as being endangered. On July 24, 2003, after decades of trying to save the Columbian White-tailed Deer, the Douglas County, Oregon population of deer was removed from the Endangered Species Act. Efforts were carried out by the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Service, and the Bureau of Land Management. Population numbers ranged from about 2,500 in the early 1980s to more than 6,000 today. It should be noted though that the deer in one region have been removed from the Act, whereas the Columbian White-tailed Deer overall still remains on the Endangered Species Act. For more than two decades, the Columbian Whitetail has been off limits to hunting, but in 2005 tags were made available, and now there is the opportunity to hunt them at the Umpqua River.
The Julia Butler Hansen refuge, located in Cathlamet, Washington offers critical habitat protection for the Columbian White-tailed Deer. Currently, about 300 Columbian white-tailed deer are protected on the refuge.
- Deer Specialist Group (1996). Odocoileus virginianus ssp. leucurus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 11 May 2006.
- "Odocoileus virginianus leucurus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=202408. Retrieved 7 July 2006.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Columbian White-tailed Deer — Taxobox name = Columbian White tailed Deer image caption=Columbian white tailed deer status = LR/nt | status system = IUCN2.3 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia ordo = Artiodactyla familia = Cervidae genus = Odocoileus species … Wikipedia
White-tailed deer — Male (buck or stag) Female (doe) … Wikipedia
Black-tailed deer — Male Black tailed Deer (Olympic National Park) Scientific classification Kingdom … Wikipedia
Black-tailed prairie dog — At Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge … Wikipedia
Dishman Hills — A granite outcrop in Dishman Hills. Dishman Hills Natural Resources Conservation Area is a 530 acre (2.14 km²) area protected by a combination of public (Spokane County Parks and Recreation Department and Washington Department of Natural… … Wikipedia
Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge — Aerial view of Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge … Wikipedia
Mount Skokomish Wilderness — IUCN Category Ib (Wilderness Area) … Wikipedia
List of National Wildlife Refuges of the United States — As of 30 July 2007, there were 548 National Wildlife Refuges in the United States. Refuges that have boundaries in multiple states are listed only in the state where the main visitor entrance is located. The newest one established is the Rocky… … Wikipedia
Liste der National Wildlife Refuges der Vereinigten Staaten — Zum 30. Juli 2007 gab es 548 National Wildlife Refuges in den Vereinigten Staaten. Refuges mit Anteilen in mehreren Bundesstaaten werden nur in den Staaten gelistet, in denen sich der Haupteingang für Besucher befindet. Das jüngste Refuge ist das … Deutsch Wikipedia
Mount Rainier National Park — IUCN Category II (National Park) Nisqually entrance … Wikipedia