Columbian white-tailed deer

Columbian White-tailed Deer
Columbian white-tailed deer
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Genus: Odocoileus
Species: O. virginianus
Subspecies: O. v. leucurus
Trinomial name
Odocoileus virginianus leucurus
Douglas, 1829

The Columbian White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus leucurus) is one of the three subspecies of white-tailed deer in North America. It is a member of the Cervidae (deer) family, which includes mule deer, elk, moose, caribou, and the black-tailed deer that lives nearby.

Contents

Habitat and description

The Columbian White-tailed Deer is named after the Columbia River in Oregon and Washington where it congregates. Columbian White-tailed Deer are found along the lower Columbia River, on a series of islands in Clatsop and Columbia counties in Oregon, and Wahkiakum County in Washington.[1] Other populations are found in the valley floors of the Umpqua River basin.

This White-tailed Deer usually lives in and around riparian areas. It can also be found in brushy woodlots that contain cottonwood, willow, alder, spruce and dogwood trees.

Unlike other white-tailed deer subspecies, which may breed at six months of age, female Columbian White-tailed Deer first breed at about 18 months; they commonly have a single fawn. Male deer, or bucks, are also capable of breeding at 18 months of age.

Conservation status

The Columbian White-tailed Deer was federally listed as an endangered species in Washington and Oregon in 1967. Upon the creation of the Endangered Species Act, in 1978 the deer was federally recognized as being endangered. On July 24, 2003, after decades of trying to save the Columbian White-tailed Deer, the Douglas County, Oregon population of deer was removed from the Endangered Species Act. Efforts were carried out by the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Service, and the Bureau of Land Management. Population numbers ranged from about 2,500 in the early 1980s to more than 6,000 today. It should be noted though that the deer in one region have been removed from the Act, whereas the Columbian White-tailed Deer overall still remains on the Endangered Species Act. For more than two decades, the Columbian Whitetail has been off limits to hunting, but in 2005 tags were made available, and now there is the opportunity to hunt them at the Umpqua River.

The Julia Butler Hansen refuge, located in Cathlamet, Washington offers critical habitat protection for the Columbian White-tailed Deer. Currently, about 300 Columbian white-tailed deer are protected on the refuge.

See also

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Columbian White-tailed Deer — Taxobox name = Columbian White tailed Deer image caption=Columbian white tailed deer status = LR/nt | status system = IUCN2.3 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia ordo = Artiodactyla familia = Cervidae genus = Odocoileus species …   Wikipedia

  • White-tailed deer — Male (buck or stag) Female (doe) …   Wikipedia

  • Black-tailed deer — Male Black tailed Deer (Olympic National Park) Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Black-tailed prairie dog — At Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge …   Wikipedia

  • Dishman Hills — A granite outcrop in Dishman Hills. Dishman Hills Natural Resources Conservation Area is a 530 acre (2.14 km²) area protected by a combination of public (Spokane County Parks and Recreation Department and Washington Department of Natural… …   Wikipedia

  • Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge — Aerial view of Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge …   Wikipedia

  • Mount Skokomish Wilderness — IUCN Category Ib (Wilderness Area) …   Wikipedia

  • List of National Wildlife Refuges of the United States — As of 30 July 2007, there were 548 National Wildlife Refuges in the United States. Refuges that have boundaries in multiple states are listed only in the state where the main visitor entrance is located. The newest one established is the Rocky… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der National Wildlife Refuges der Vereinigten Staaten — Zum 30. Juli 2007 gab es 548 National Wildlife Refuges in den Vereinigten Staaten. Refuges mit Anteilen in mehreren Bundesstaaten werden nur in den Staaten gelistet, in denen sich der Haupteingang für Besucher befindet. Das jüngste Refuge ist das …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mount Rainier National Park — IUCN Category II (National Park) Nisqually entrance …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.