Democratic Unity Coalition

Democratic Unity Coalition
Coligação Democrática Unitária
Leader Jerónimo de Sousa
Founded 1987
Headquarters Rue Soeiro Pereira Gomes 3, Lisbon
Youth wing Juventude CDU
Membership 58,928 (PCP)
6,000 (PEV)
Political position Left-wing
National affiliation Portuguese Communist Party,
Ecologist Party "The Greens",
Democratic Intervention
Official colours Red
Local
Government
174 / 2,078
Regional Parliaments
2 / 104
Assembly of the Republic
16 / 230
European Parliament
2 / 22
Website
www.cdu.pt
Politics of Portugal
Political parties
Elections

The Democratic Unity Coalition (Portuguese: Coligação Democrática Unitária or CDU) is an electoral and political coalition between the Portuguese Communist Party (Portuguese: Partido Comunista Português or PCP) and the Ecologist Party "The Greens" (Portuguese: Partido Ecologista "Os Verdes" or PEV). The coalition also integrates the political movement Democratic Intervention (Portuguese: Intervenção Democrática or ID).

The coalition was formed for the first time in 1987 in order to run to the simultaneous legislative election and European Parliament election that were held on July 19 of that year.

Since the beginning of the coalition, the member parties have never participated separately in any election. The Communist Party is the major force inside it and has the majority of places in the electoral lists, however, the Greens also have an important presence and elected 2 Members of parliament among the 14 elected by the coalition in the last legislative election. Each party has its own parliamentary group and counts as a separate party in official issues.

At a local level, the coalition usually presents lists in almost every municipality and both Communists and Green may occupy first place on the lists. As the Greens have a smaller structure, the offices of the Communist Party are used as offices of the coalition.

Contents

Symbol

Old symbol of CDU

The present symbol of CDU shows the PCP's symbol and the PEV's symbol, an hammer and sickle and a sunflower, respectively, with the respective names below. That symbol replaced a former one that featured three hexagons with the inscription: CDU and was often used with a beehive. That was sometimes said to mean that CDU worked just like a bee (collectively and every day) and the hexagons were meant to represent the cell-based Leninist organization of the PCP.

Youth organization

The coalition has a youth wing, called Juventude CDU, that develops political work in youth related subjects, along with youth oriented activities, mainly during the electoral campaigns. The Juventude CDU is mainly composed by members of the youth wings of the parties that compose the CDU, the Portuguese Communist Youth and the Ecolojovem.

Electoral results achieved by CDU

Results in parliamentary elections

CDU sticker: Schedule and tell your friends: in 13 June, Vote CDU to the European Parliament
CDU results in the local election of 2005. (Azores and Madeira are not shown)
Results in Parliamentary Elections
(year links to election page)
Year Type of Election Voting % Mandates
1987
Portuguese Parliament
685,109
12.2%
31
1991
Portuguese Parliament
501,840
8.8%
17
1995
Portuguese Parliament
504,007
8.6%
15
1999
Portuguese Parliament
483,716
9.0%
17
2002
Portuguese Parliament
379,870
6.9%
12
2005
Portuguese Parliament
433,369
7.5%
14
2009
Portuguese Parliament
446,174
7.9%
15
2011
Portuguese Parliament
440,850
7.9%
16

(source: Portuguese Electoral Commission)

Note:

  • In 1991 the overall number of MPs changed from the original 250 to 230.

Results in local elections

Results in Local Elections
(year links to election page)
Year Type of Election Voting % Mandates
1989
Local
633,682
12.8%
252
1993
Local
689,928
12.8%
246
1997
Local
643,956
12.0%
236
2001
Local
557,481
10.6%
202
2005
Local
590,496
11.0%
203
2009
Local
537,329
9.7%
174

(source: Portuguese Electoral Commission)

Results in European Parliament elections

Results in European Elections
(year links to election page)
Year Type of Election Voting % Mandates
1987
European Parliament
646,640
11.5%
3
1989
European Parliament
594,961
14.4%
4
1994
European Parliament
339,283
11.2%
3
1999
European Parliament
357,575
10.3%
2
2004
European Parliament
309,406
9.1%
2
2009
European Parliament
379,787
10.6%
2

(source: Portuguese Electoral Commission)

Note:

External links


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