Coastal South West India

Coastal South West India is a geo-cultural region in the Indian Subcontinent that spans entire Coastal South Western India. [1]. The region was referred as Sapta Konkan region in the Skanda Purana [1].

Coastal South West India

Contents

Region

Coastal South West India spans across the entire Arabian Sea coastline of the Indian subcontinent from the coastline of the Gulf of Kutch in its western most corner and stretches across the Gulf of Khambhat, and through the Salsette Island and mumbai along the Konkan and southwards across the Raigad region and through Kanara and further down through Mangalapuram or Mangalore and along the Malabar unto the southernmost tip to Cape Comorin. In ancient tradition Coastal South West Indian Subcontinent extends till Ceylon. [1]

People

The people along coastal south west India exhibit vast diversity along an underlying commonality as a result of long history of contact with west asian Mediterranean traders along the Arabian sea coastline.

The region includes Gujaratis in the western most region, Maharashtrians and Goans along the western coastline, Kannadigas in its south western coastline and Tulus and Malayalis in its southern most region of South India.

Roman trade with ancient Coastal South West India according to the Periplus Maris Erythraei 1st century CE.

Intermingling with the West Asian world

As a result of the thriving trade between the Mediterranean world and South West Indian coastline along the Arabian sea, [2] [3][4] [5] there has been significant intermingling between the people of Coastal South West India and the west asian world. Several west asian communities have also settled and become part of the diversity of coastal south west India. These include the Parsis, [6] Bohras [7] and Baghdadi Jews [8] in the western most region, the Bene Israel along the South western region the descendants of mediterranean traders along Coorg and Mangalore, the Jonakan Mappilas [9] along Malabar region, and the cochin jews [2] [3][4][10][11][12] [9] and Syriac Nasranis [2] [3][4][10][11][12] [9] along the Southern most region of South India.

Heritage

Map of Coastal South West India 1740AD.

The linguistic diversity of the Coastal south west India includes Languages of the Dravidian language family including Malayalam, Tulu, and Kannada; languages belonging to the western zone of Indo Iranian langiage families including Gujarati, Marathi, Konkani and languages belonging to the central zone of the Indo-Iranian language families including Urdu and Farsi. The region also has speakers of Semitic languages like Arabic, Hebrew and Aramaic. The common elements of the people of coastal south west India includes cuisine that consists of agrarian and coastal products and clothing that involves long flowing drapes with bare midriff for both men and women suited for humid and warm climate [13]. Throughout the region women wear drapes called saree in various styles. [13]. In the western corner of the region the drapes are called as Dhoti for men[13]. and Chaniya choli for women [13], further southwards the drapes are called as lungi or mundu for men [13]. and veshti for women [13]. Another common common cultural element of coastal south west India includes relatively more role for women in social system [13]. Towards the southern most tip of coastal south western India the social system is considerably more matri-focal with instances of matrilineal and matriarchal tradition like amongst the Bunt community of Tulus and the Marumakkathayam of the nairs. [14] This is also manifested in feminine deity oriented festivals and rituals celebrating Shakti or feminine power [15] like Navratri festival among the Gujarati People and Thiruvathira festival among the malayali people.

References

  1. ^ a b c Studies in Skanda Purāṇa, By Ganesh Vasudeo Tagare,Published 1996 Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 81-208-1260-3
  2. ^ a b c Bjorn Landstrom (1964) "The Quest for India", Double day English Edition, Stockholm.
  3. ^ a b c Miller, J. Innes. (1969). The Spice Trade of The Roman Empire: 29 B.C. to A.D. 641. Oxford University Press. Special edition for Sandpiper Books. 1998. ISBN 0-19-814264-1.
  4. ^ a b c Thomas Puthiakunnel, (1973) "Jewish colonies of India paved the way for St. Thomas", The Saint Thomas Christian Encyclopedia of India, ed. George Menachery, Vol. II., Trichur.
  5. ^ Periplus Maris Erythraei "The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea", (trans). Wilfred Schoff (1912), reprinted South Asia Books 1995 ISBN 81-215-0699-9
  6. ^ Hodivala, S. (1920), Studies in Parsi History, Bombay
  7. ^ The Dawoodi Bohras: an anthropological perspective, by Shibani Roy. Published by B.R. Publishing, 1984.
  8. ^ Sargon, J(1987) 'Baghdadi Jews of India and the Sassoons' in Jewish Daily Israel Today, Perspectiv/Opinion; Tuesday august 25th
  9. ^ a b c Bindu Malieckal (2005) Muslims, Matriliny, and A Midsummer Night's Dream: European Encounters with the Mappilas of Malabar, India; The Muslim World Volume 95 Issue 2
  10. ^ a b Koder S. 'History of the Jews of Kerala". The St. Thomas Christian Encyclopaedia of India, Ed. G. Menachery,1973.
  11. ^ a b Leslie Brown, (1956) The Indian Christians of St. Thomas. An Account of the Ancient Syrian Church of Malabar, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1956, 1982 (repr.)
  12. ^ a b Menachery G (1973) The St. Thomas Christian Encyclopedia of India, Ed. George Menachery, B.N.K. Press, vol. 2, ISBN 81-87132-06-X, Lib. Cong. Cat. Card. No. 73-905568; B.N.K. Press
  13. ^ a b c d e f g Boulanger, Chantal; (1997) Saris: An Illustrated Guide to the Indian Art of Draping, Shakti Press International, New York. ISBN 0-9661496-1-0
  14. ^ Smith R.T. (2002) Matrifocality, in International encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences (eds) Smelser & Baltes, vol 14, pp 9416.
  15. ^ Dikshitar, V. R. Ramachandra, The Lalita Cult, Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd. (Delhi, 1942, 2d ed. 1991, 3d ed. 1999).

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