Climate change in Japan
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) proposes two hypothetical future scenarios. One is Scenario "A1B" based on the assumption that a future world will have more global economic growth (the concentration of carbon dioxide will be 720ppm in 2100). The other is Scenario "B1" based on the assumption that a future world will have global green economy (the concentration of carbon dioxide will be 550ppm in 2100).
Earth Simulator calculations, reveal the daily increase in mean temperature in Japan during the period of 2071 to 2100. The temperature has increased by 3.0°C in Scenario B1 and 4.2°C in A1B compared to that of 1971 to 2000. Similarly, the daily maximum temperature in Japan increased by 3.1°C in B1 and 4.4°C in A1B. The precipitation in summer in Japan increased steadily due to global warming (the annual average precipitation increased by 17% in Scenario B1 and by 19% in Scenario A1B during the period of 2071 to 2100 compared to that of 1971 to 2000).
Currently, Japan is a world leader in the development of new climate-friendly technologies. Honda and Toyota hybrid electric vehicles were named to have the highest fuel efficiency and lowest emissions. The fuel economy and emissions decrease is due to the advanced technology in hybrid systems, biofuels, use of lighter weight material and better engineering.
As a signatory of the Kyoto Protocol, and host of the 1997 conference which created it, Japan is under treaty obligations to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions and to take other steps related to curbing climate change. The Cool Biz campaign introduced under former Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi was targeted at reducing energy use through the reduction of air conditioning use in government offices.
Japan's capital Tokyo is preparing to force industry to make big cuts in greenhouse gases, taking the lead in a country struggling to meet its Kyoto Protocol obligations. Tokyo's outspoken governor, Shintaro Ishihara, decided to go it alone and create Japan's first emissions cap system, reducing greenhouse gas emission by a total of 25 percent by 2020 from the 2000 level.
On June 25, 2008, Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly approved bylaw for reduction program of CO2 emission start from 2010. Approx. 1,300 large offices and factories in Tokyo that consume electric power equivalent to 1,500 kilo-litre of crude oil annually must reduce CO2 emission 15-20% of average volume in last three years before this bylaw. Even with emissions trading or cap and trade but targeting reduction not is achieved by 2020, the penalty up to JPY 500,000 shall be charged. This penalty chargeable regulation is first one in Japan.
Kyoto Protocol Target Achievement Plan
Japan created the Kyoto Protocol Target Achievement Plan to lay out the necessary measures required to meet their 6% reduction commitment under the Kyoto Protocol. It was first established as an outcome of the evaluation of the Climate Change Policy Program carried out in 2004.
The main branches of the plan are ensuring the pursuit of environment and economy, promoting of technology, raising public awareness, utilizing of policy measures, and ensuring international collaboration 
- ^ The latest global warming projection by using the Earth Simulator has been completed, Center for Climate System Research, University of Tokyo
- ^ "EU JAPAN relations in the field of environment". European Commission. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/international_issues/relations_japan_en.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- ^ Automaker Rankings 2007: The Environmental Performance of Car Companies, Union of Concerned Scientists, 10/15/07.
- ^ World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD)
- ^ “Gist of the Kyoto Protocol Target Achievement Plan.” United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. http://unfccc.int/files/meetings/seminar/application/pdf/sem_sup1_japan.pdf
Global warming and climate change Temperatures Causes Anthropogenic Natural Models History Opinion and climate change Politics Potential effects and issues General
- Abrupt climate change
- Climate change and agriculture
- Climate change and ecosystems
- Economics of global warming
- Effects on humans
- Effects on marine mammals
- Fisheries and climate change
- Glacier retreat
- Mass extinction
- Ozone depletion
- Ocean acidification
- Plant biodiversity
- Runaway climate change
- Sea level rise
- Season creep
- Shutdown of thermohaline circulation
By country Mitigation Kyoto Protocol Governmental Emissions reduction Carbon-free energy Other Proposed adaptations Strategies Programmes
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Climate change in China — is a contentious issue since it is not required to be a signatory to the Kyoto Protocol yet it is responsible for one of the highest levels of greenhouse gas emissions. Contents 1 Contribution 1.1 Cement 1.2 Coal … Wikipedia
Climate change and agriculture — are interrelated processes, both of which take place on a global scale. Global warming is projected to have significant impacts on conditions affecting agriculture, including temperature, carbon dioxide, glacial run off, precipitation and the… … Wikipedia
Climate change in Australia — Climate change has become a major issue in Australia due to drastic climate events since the turn of the 21st century that have focused government and public attention. Rainfall in Australia has increased slightly over the past century,… … Wikipedia
Climate change mitigation scenarios — are possible futures in which global warming is reduced by deliberate actions, such as a comprehensive switch to energy sources other than fossil fuels. A typical mitigation scenario is constructed by selecting a long range target, such as a… … Wikipedia
Climate change in Russia — describes the global warming related issues in Russia. This includes the climate politics, contribution in the global warming and the influence of the global warming in Russia. In 2009 Russia was ready to decline emissions 20 25 % from 1990… … Wikipedia
Climate change in the United States — There is an international interest in issues surrounding global warming in the United States due to the U.S. position in world affairs and the U.S. s high level of greenhouse gas emissions per capita. Contents 1 Greenhouse gas emissions by the… … Wikipedia
Climate change — For current and future climatological effects of human influences, see global warming. For the study of past climate change, see paleoclimatology. For temperatures on the longest time scales, see geologic temperature record … Wikipedia
Climate change mitigation — Fossil fuel related CO2 emissions compared to five of IPCC s emissions scenarios. The dips are related to global recessions. Data from IPCC SRES scenarios; … Wikipedia
Climate change policy of the United States — The politics of global warming is played out at a state and federal level in the United States. Part of the Politics series Politics … Wikipedia
Climate change policy of the George W. Bush administration — This article is about the climate change policy of the United States under the George W. Bush administration. Contents 1 Kyoto Protocol 2 Influence of industry groups 3 Political pressure on scientists … Wikipedia