The name refers to the Luxembourg bank Clearstream Banking S.A., now wholly owned by Deutsche Börse, which was alleged to have aided many prominent French politicians and companies evade taxes. It was also suggested that Clearstream might have helped French individuals and companies to launder money arising from bribes surrounding the 1991 sale of six La Fayette class frigates to the Republic of China. Clearstream vehemently denies the allegations.
Beginning of the affair
A list of accounts supposedly held by French individuals at Clearstream was sent anonymously to investigating magistrate Renaud van Ruymbeke on four occasions between May and October 2004. At that time, van Ruymbeke was investigating possible bribes in the 1991 frigate sale. The lists quickly proved to be false, and several of the people named on them pressed charges for "false denunciation". A list of 895 secret bank accounts was included which were open by numerous personalities from the business world (including Alain Gomez, Peter Martinez, Philippe Delmas) or politics (including Nicolas Sarkozy, Dominique Strauss-Kahn, Laurent Fabius, Alain Madelin and Jean-Pierre Chevenement), reportedly passing money for frigates. In particular, lists of secret accounts sent by the raven were trafficked to foreign personalities involved in the Taiwan frigates affair. A survey on the implementation of these fake was then entrusted to judges Jean-Marie d'Huy and Henri Pons.
Sarkozy's main political rival on the right-wing of French politics at the time was Interior Minister Dominique de Villepin. It later transpired that de Villepin had known about the existence of the lists since at least January 2004. As Interior Minister, he would also have known that French secret services considered the lists to be forgeries. However, he did not pass this information on to Judge van Ruymbeke. Villepin was indicted on charges of complicity to false denunciation on 18 November 2008, and tried at the Paris Correctional Court in September and October 2009. He was acquitted of the charges on 28 January 2010. Three co-defendants were convicted for their roles in the affair, while a fifth person was acquitted.
- ^ lefigaro.fr. "Frégates : les juges d'Huy et Pons ont le dossier en mains". Lefigaro.fr. http://www.lefigaro.fr/france/20060505.FIG000000034_fregates_les_juges_d_huy_et_pons_ont_le_dossier_en_mains.html. Retrieved 2010-10-26.
- ^ "Les grandes étapes de l'affaire", Libération, 18 September 2009, http://www.liberation.fr/societe/0101591920-les-grandes-etapes-de-l-affaire . (French)
- ^ a b France ex-PM Villepin cleared of Sarkozy smear, BBC News, 28 January 2010, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8484728.stm
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Clearstream — Type Subsidiary Founded January 2000 (2000 january) Headquarters Luxembourg (city) … Wikipedia
Dominique de Villepin — Prime Minister of France In office 31 May 2005 – 17 May 2007 President Jacques Chirac … Wikipedia
Cedel — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Deutscher Kassenverein — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jacques Chirac — Chirac redirects here. For other uses, see Chirac (disambiguation). Jacques Chirac 22nd President of France In office 17 May 1995 – 16 May 2007 Prime … Wikipedia
2001 in Luxembourg — yearbox in? = in Luxembourg cp = 20th Century c = 21st century cf = 22nd century yp1 = 1998 yp2 = 1999 yp3 = 2000 year = 2001 ya1 = 2002 ya2 = 2003 ya3 = 2004 dp3 = 1970s dp2 = 1980s dp1 = 1990s d = 2000s da = 0 dn1 = 2010s dn2 = 2020s dn3 =… … Wikipedia
Вильпен, Доминик де — Бывший премьер министр Франции Основатель политического движения Объединенная республика и его лидер с июня 2010 по сентябрь 2011 года. Бывший премьер министр Франции, занимал этот пост в 2005 2007 годах. До этого был министром внутренних дел,… … Энциклопедия ньюсмейкеров
Philippe Rondot — (1936 ) is a French retired general, formerly an important personality of the French intelligence. He worked for both the domestic intelligence DST and the foreign intelligence DGSE (traditionally rival services) and was councilor to several… … Wikipedia
Jon Swain — Jon (John) Anketell Brewer Swain is an award winning British journalist and writer who was portrayed by Julian Sands in the 1984 Oscar winning film The Killing Fields .For many years Swain was the The Sunday Times s correspondent in Paris. During … Wikipedia
Underground economy — The underground economy or black market is a market consisting of all commerce on which applicable taxes and/or regulations of trade are being avoided. The term is also often known as the underdog, shadow economy, black economy or parallel… … Wikipedia