A claiming race in thoroughbred horse racing is one in which the horses are all for sale for more or less the same price (the "claiming price") up until shortly before the race. Race types form a hierarchy in terms of the quality of horse they attract, with handicap races and graded stakes races attracting the "best" horses and maiden races the most unseasoned. Claiming races fall at the bottom of this hierarchy, below maiden races, and make up the bulk of races run at most tracks. For example in Kentucky in 1999, 54% of all races run were claiming races, but had only 20% of the purse dollar value, the lowest average purse among race types.
The mechanics of claiming vary based on jurisdiction but in most cases almost anyone, or possibly anyone who is licensed to own racehorses, may claim. For example, the Illinois Racing Board stipulates that any horse may be claimed for its entered price by any licensed owner or agent or anyone who has filed an application and been granted a claiming license. Title to the horse typically transfers just before the start of the race, but the previous owner is entitled to the purse, if any, that results from the horse's performance in the race. Usually related parties such as the trainer or employees, or relatives, are prohibited from claiming, as are reciprocal agreements between owners to "protect" each other's horses. If a horse is purchased, a track official tags it (often with a red tag) after the race, and it goes to its new owner, assuming the new owner had sufficient funds on deposit.
Claiming races have claim amounts which vary, and higher amounts tend to have richer purses. The intent of this is to even the race; if a better-than-class horse is entered (with the expectation of an easy purse win), it might be lost for the claiming price, which is likely less than the horse is worth. Someone may wish to claim a horse if they think the horse has not been trained to its fullest potential under another trainer.
Claiming races serve several purposes. They are a quality classification, as well as a way of ensuring racing outcomes are less predictable, which in turn increases the handle, or amount of parimutuel betting, and a way to bring liquidity to the racehorse marketplace. Although many horses never rise above claiming races, some do. For example Stymie, a USD 1500 claimer, went on to earn over 900,000 USD winning many storied grade 1 stakes and handicap races in the 1940s, General Quarters, a USD 20,000 claimer won the grade 1 Blue Grass Stakes and ran in the 2009 Kentucky Derby and Make A Stand, claimed for £8,000 in 1995, won the 1997 Champion Hurdle.
- ^ a b "Examining Different Levels of Competition at the Racetrack". dummies.com. Wiley Publishing. http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/examining-different-levels-of-competition-at-the-r.html. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- ^ a b "Maximum-Likelihood Estimates of Racehorse Earnings and Profitability". Journal of Agribusiness (Agricultural Economics Association of Georgia) (17,1): 37–48. Spring 1999. http://www.agecon.uga.edu/~jab/Library/S99-03.pdf.
- ^ a b c "Part 510 Claiming Rules". Notice of Adopted Rules. Illinois Register. 1986-02-19. http://google.com/search?q=cache:cS8M5Wjkh3MJ:www.state.il.us/agency/irb/racing/pdf/licensing%2520forms/part%2520510%2520claiming%2520races.pdf+claiming+race+rules&cd=9&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- ^ a b c "Rules Coverning Claiming Races". IDAPA 11 TITLE 04 CHAPTER 09. Idaho State Racing Commission. http://adm.idaho.gov/adminrules/rules/idapa11/0409.pdf.. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
claiming race — n. a horse race in which each horse entered is made available for purchase, or claiming, at a fixed price which a buyer must agree to pay before the race is run … English World dictionary
claiming race — noun A race in which the competing horse can be claimed by anyone at the specified claiming price for the race. In a claiming race, each horse is in a sense up for sale. That is, any owner who has raced a horse at the track during the meet in… … Wiktionary
claiming race — noun a horse race in which each owner declares before the race at what price his horse will be offered for sale after the race • Hypernyms: ↑horse race * * * noun : a horse race before which each owner pledges to sell a horse he enters at a given … Useful english dictionary
claiming race — Horse Racing. a race in which any horse entered can be purchased at a fixed price by anyone who has made a bid or claim before the start of the race. Cf. selling race. [1930 35] * * * … Universalium
claiming race — A race in which the horses are entered subject to claim for a specified price. Each horse entered is eligible to be purchased at a set price. Claims must be made before the race and only by licensed owners or their agents who have a horse… … Equestrian sports dictionary
claiming race — claim′ing race n. spo a race in which any horse entered can be purchased by anyone who has made a bid before the race • Etymology: 1930–35 … From formal English to slang
claiming race — noun Date: 1935 a horse race in which each entry is offered for sale for a specified price that must be deposited before the race … New Collegiate Dictionary
race discrimination — ➔ discrimination * * * race discrimination UK US noun [U] (also racial discrimination) LAW, HR ► unfair treatment of someone because of their race: claim/allege race discrimination »She is claiming race discrimination against her former employer … Financial and business terms
Race, Evolution, and Behavior — Race, Evolution, and Behavior: A Life History Perspective is a controversial book written by J. Philippe Rushton, a professor of psychology at the University of Western Ontario, and the current head of the Pioneer fund. Rushton argues that race… … Wikipedia
Race Differences in Intelligence — Race Differences in Intelligence: An Evolutionary Analysis is a 2006 book by Richard Lynn claiming to represent the largest collection and review of the global cognitive ability data, by nine global regions, surveying 620 published studies from… … Wikipedia