Citizens – Party of the Citizenry
Ciudadanos - Partido de la Ciudadanía
President Albert Rivera Secretary-General Matías Alonso Ruiz Founded June 7, 2005
March 4, 2006
Headquarters Plaça Urquinaona, 6 10º A
Ideology Anti-nationalism, Liberalism, Social liberalism International affiliation None European affiliation Libertas European Parliament Group Currently no MEPs Official colours Orange and White Parliament of Catalonia Politics of Spain
The Citizens – Party of the Citizenry (Spanish: Ciudadanos – Partido de la Ciudadanía, official name used nationwide; Catalan: Ciutadans – Partit de la Ciutadania, used co-officially with former in Catalonia; short acronym C's) is a Spanish political party which describes itself as centre-left and non-nationalist. It is mostly active in Catalonia, where it is the smallest parliamentary party with three MPs in the Catalan Parliament.
Ciutadans was formed in Catalonia in July 2006 in response to the call made in a manifesto by a group of Catalan intellectuals critical of Catalan nationalism (among them Albert Boadella, Félix de Azúa and Arcadi Espada), in which they called for a new political force to "address the real problems faced by the general public". In this manifesto, they also warned that "the rhetoric of hatred promulgated by official Catalan government media against everything 'Spanish' is more alarming than ever" and that "the (Catalan) nation, postulated as an homogenous entity, has taken occupation of the space where an undeniably diverse society lives".
This group of intellectuals, almost entirely based in Barcelona, formed a political platform called Ciutadans de Catalunya, or Citizens of Catalonia, in July 2005. They organized several round tables and conferences and by 2006 they announced the formation of a new political party, called simply Ciutadans, or Citizens. In the first congress of 2006, a young lawyer from Barcelona, Albert Rivera, was elected its president.
In the Catalan elections of 2006, the party gained 3.04% of the vote and won three seats in the Catalan Parliament, all of them elected in the Province of Barcelona.
Program and ideological background
C's is mostly considered a liberal party, both in economic policies and social issues. However, the party's program is mostly centered around the opposition to Catalan nationalism, to the extent that it has been frequently reproached of being a single issue party, a label refused by its members.
One of the main issues raised by the party is the Catalan language policy, which actively promotes the use of Catalan language. The party challenges this policy and defends an equal treatment of Spanish and Catalan. It also opposes the language policy within the Catalan school system, according to which all public education is carried out in Catalan.
The party also supports strengthening the powers of the Spanish central institutions and curtailing the powers of regional administrations.
Other topics include a thorough reform of the Spanish electoral system in the sense of a greater proportionality that would give less weight to single constituencies. They also support some changes in the Spanish constitution, especially regarding the regional organization. Among other, they propose the complete abolition of the fiscal autonomy for the Basque Country. They also support a regulation of prostitution, marijuana and euthanasia.
Support, membership and organization
C's is a political force only at the regional level. In the national elections of 2008, it gained only 0.18% of the Spanish votes: in Catalonia, its support was somewhat higher - 0.74% of votes - but significantly smaller compared to the percentages obtained in the Catalan regional elections of 2006 (3.04%) and 2010 (3.4%).
C's draws most of its support from the Barcelona metropolitan area. In the 2010 regional elections, the party gained more than 4% in the counties (comarques) of Barcelonès, Baix Llobregat, Vallès Occidental and Tarragonès. Everywhere else, it remained under 4%, with the worst results in the circumscription of Girona (1,69%) and Lleida (1,79%). Only in the circumscription of Barcelona, C's received more than 3% of the vote, which is the threshold for parliamentary representation.
In 2006, the newspaper El Periódico de Catalunya revealed that Rivera was a member of the Conservative People's Party (PP) between 2002 and 2006, and that he jumped off PP just three months before running for elections with the Citizen's Party However, Rivera denied being a full member of the party, and only admitted of having participated in some of the actions of the youth section of the party.
Relations to the media
The party frequently complains about alleged boycott on the side of Catalan media, especially the public television: according to their opinion, the party is given too little time to present its views on public television. They have also criticized the Catalan press for similar reasons, especially the Spanish-language Catalan newspapers La Vanguardia and El Periódico de Catalunya. On the other hand, its opponents and critics frequently point out the disproportionately high coverage of Ciutadans by the Spanish national media, especially the Madrid-based Libertad digital, El Mundo, Telemadrid, and ABC.
European election internal disputes
In 2009 it was announced that C's would run for the European election allied with the eurosceptic Libertas coalition. Other partners in the Libertas ticket include parties deemed by some as far-right or ultra-Catholic, something which would seem to contradict the declared social-liberal and secular stances of C's.
According to some members of C's, the negotiations prior to this electoral pact were led personally and secretly by the party leader, Albert Rivera. This fact has alienated the other two MPs (besides Rivera himself) and a significant part of the party from his leadership. In turn, the official stance of C's is that the critics are acting more as a fifth column of the ideologically close Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD), all resulting in a major crisis within the party.
Several intellectuals that had participated in the formation of Ciutadans, later withdrew their support from C's. Albert Boadella, for example, became one of the co-founders of the Union, Progress and Democracy party led by former Basque Socialist politician Rosa Diez.
Although the party was created in Catalonia as "a response to Catalan nationalism", additional branches have sprung up in the rest of Spain, although without much success.
Prominent meetings of the party have been reportedly picketed by Catalan independentist groups on several occasions while its leader Albert Rivera has received anonymous death threats urging him to quit politics..
- ^ 
- ^ 
- ^ Manifesto signed by some intellectuals which preceded the formation of the party
- ^ http://www.ciudadanos-cs.org/jsp/publico/diloconnosotros/modelo_estado.do
- ^ http://www.ciudadanos-cs.org/jsp/publico/diloconnosotros/modelo_estado.do
- ^ http://www.elpais.com/articulo/espana/Desnudo/presidir/Generalitat/elpporesp/20060916elpepunac_4/Tes
- ^ http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2006/09/16/espana/1158417149.html
- ^ "Albert Rivera estuvo afiliado en el PP hasta tres meses antes de presidir Ciutadans", El Mundo, November 21, 2006 (in Spanish)
- ^ 
- ^ 
- ^ 
- ^ Agreden al periodista Arcadi Espada en un acto de Ciutadans de Catalunya en Girona contra el Estatut | elmundo.es
- ^ El presidente de Ciutadans, amenazado de muerte por "luchar contra el nacionalismo" - 20minutos.es
- ^ Albert Rivera es amenazado de muerte para que deje la política / EL MUNDO
- ^ El presidente de Ciutadans denuncia haber recibido amenazas de muerte · ELPAÍS.com
- ^ Albert Rivera denuncia amenazas de muerte para que deje su política "contra el nacionalismo"- Lavanguardia.es - Noticias, actualidad, última hora en Cataluña y España
Political parties in Catalonia Represented in the
Catalan national Parliament (135)Convergence and Union (62) (Democratic Convergence of Catalonia - Democratic Union of Catalonia) · Socialists' Party of Catalonia (28) · People's Party of Catalonia (18) · Republican Left of Catalonia (10) · (United and Alternative Left - Initiative for Catalonia Greens) (10) · Catalan Solidarity for Independence (3) · Citizens – Party of the Citizenry (3) · Democracia Catalana (Grup Mixt) (1)
Represented in the Spanish
Congress of Deputies (47)
Represented in the
Spanish Senate (22)
Portal:Politics - List of political parties - Politics of Catalonia - List of political parties of Spain Political parties in Spain National parties in the Cortes Regional parties in the Cortes Other parties in regional parliamentsAralar · Bildu / Eusko Alkartasuna · Chunta Aragonesista · Majorcan Union · Riojan Party · Catalan Solidarity for Independence · Citizens – Party of the Citizenry · Regionalist Party of Cantabria · Valencian Nationalist Bloc · Initiative for the Valencian People · Leonese People's Union · Bloc per Mallorca · Eivissa pel Canvi · Asturian Forum Politics portal · List of political parties · Politics of Spain Libertas MovementEuropartyLibertas.euLobby groupLibertas InstituteEurofoundationLibertas FoundationTimelineOrigins • Lobby group • Lisbon I • Party • Recognition attempt • 2009 elections • Lisbon IISee alsoList of Declan Ganley organizations • Political positions of Libertas PeopleStaffMembers of member parties1See List of 2009 candidatesMembers of affiliated parties2See List of 2009 candidatesIndividual membersList of 2009 candidates • List of original signatoriesDisavowed people PartiesMember parties1Estonia • Germany • Ireland • Malta • Netherlands • Poland • Sweden • United KingdomAffiliated parties2CzechiaLibertas.cz3 • Nezávislí demokratéFranceGermanyAUF - Partei für Arbeit, Umwelt und FamilieGreeceKomma Fileleftheron (1980)LatviaLatvijas Atmoda • Mūsu Zeme • Sociālā Taisnīguma PartijaPolandPortugalMovimento Partido da TerraSlovakiaSpainCiudadanos – Partido de la Ciudadanía • Partido Social Demócrata • Unión del Pueblo SalmantinoDisavowed partiesLibertas UK (England) • Party of Free Citizens (Czech Republic) • Libertas Slovensko3 (Slovakia) • Sloboda a Solidarita3 (Slovakia) • Libertas Bulgaria3 (Bulgaria) • Tautos Prisikėlimo Partija (Lithuania) • Polo dell'Autonomia (Italy) Elections2009 listsCzech Republic • Estonia • France • Greece • Germany • Ireland • Latvia • Malta • Netherlands • Poland • Portugal • Slovakia • Spain • United Kingdom Key1Member parties are members of Libertas.eu. Members of member parties are automatically members of Libertas.eu unless they choose otherwise.2Affiliated parties are not members of Libertas.eu but are otherwise associated. Members of affiliated parties are not members of Libertas.eu unless they choose to join as individuals.3Parties presenting as Libertas.eu affiliates/members but not sanctioned by Libertas.eu when presentation commenced. European Union Portal • Politics Portal
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Citizens UK — describes itself as the hub of community organising in the UK.  It started as London Citizens in 1996, and came to national prominence during the United Kingdom general election, 2010 when all three leaders of the UK s three largest… … Wikipedia
citizens — index population Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 citizens … Law dictionary
Citizens FC — The Citizen Athletic Association Citizen AA Club fondé en 1947 … Wikipédia en Français
citizens — citizenship … Dictionary of sociology
citizens — citÂ·iÂ·zen || sÉªtÉªzn n. native of a country; resident, one who lives in a city or town; person who is not a soldier, civilian … English contemporary dictionary
Citizens Financial Group — Citizens Financial Group, Inc. Type Subsidiary Industry Finance Founded 1828 Headquarters Providence, Rhode Island … Wikipedia
Citizens Bank Park — Location One Citizens Bank Way Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19148 … Wikipedia
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission — Supreme Court of the United States Argued March 24, 2009 … Wikipedia
Citizens Republic Bancorp — Inc. Type Public (NASDAQ: CRBCD) Industry Finance … Wikipedia
Citizens Property Insurance Corporation — was created in Florida in 2002 to provide property insurance for home owners who could not obtain insurance elsewhere, an insurer of last resort. It is a government established, not for profit insurer in Florida. It is the largest insurer in the… … Wikipedia