Beam compass


Beam compass

A beam compass is a compass with a beam and sliding sockets or cursors for drawing and dividing circles larger than those made by a regular pair of compasses.[1] The instrument can be as a whole, or made on the spot with individual sockets (called trammel points) and any suitable beam.

Contents

Trammel points

Trammels or trammel points are the sockets or cursors that, together with the beam, make up a beam compass. Their relatively small size makes them easy to store or transport. They consist of two separate metal pieces (approx. 2.5" X 5" X 1/2") that are usually connected by a piece of wood, The wood timber is not included in the purchase of the trammel points. It can be ripped on a table saw. A lumber yard or woodworking store should have a piece readily available to fit the opening also ,metal, or pipe. They work like a scratch awl.

Use

As for any compass, there are two uses.

Scribing a circle

sharp point used to score a fine line in the birch plywood connected to each other by a piece of 3/4" X 3/8" mahogany

The beam compass is used to scribe a circle. The radius can be adjusted by sliding the metal across the wood (beam) and locking it by turning a knob at the desired location. The threaded machine rod is similar to the bolt. The only limitation is the rigidity of the wood being used. Longer pieces tend to get floppier depending on the species of wood used. Metal can be used as an alternative but also has length limitations. Trammel points score a precise cut out line with the sharp point of the rod. When the circular knob is turned, it micro adjusts the radius of the circle. The spring locks the mechanism at the precise desired location. Turning clockwise decreases the radius while turning counterclockwise increases the radius slightly.

Transferring measurements

A beam compass can also be used to make a series of repetitious measurements in a precise manner. Each point is rotated 180° and this process is repeated until the desired measurement is reached. The indentation created by the sharp point of the trammel is easily seen and makes a precise point to reference to the next location.

Variants

Circle cutter used to score drywall.

The circle cutter is a basic variation of the beam compass. There are many types of circle cutters. This cutter is used primarily to score a circular pattern in the drywall to fit over recessed lighting in the ceiling. The tool consists of a square shank with a sliding pivot that is locked into the desired location with a turn knob. The shank is graduated into 16 units and each unit is further divided into increments of one quarter. One end of the shank has a fixed cutter wheel that scores a fine line in the drywall.

References

Notes

  1. ^  This article incorporates content from the 1728 Cyclopaedia, a publication in the public domain.

Bibliography

  • McMaster-Carr catalog (114th ed.), McMaster-Carr .

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Beam compass — Beam Beam (b[=e]m), n. [AS. be[ a]m beam, post, tree, ray of light; akin to OFries. b[=a]m tree, OS. b[=o]m, D. boom, OHG. boum, poum, G. baum, Icel. ba[eth]mr, Goth. bagms and Gr. fy^ma a growth, fy^nai to become, to be. Cf. L. radius staff, rod …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Beam compass — Compass Com pass (k[u^]m pas), n. [F. compas, fr. LL. compassus circle, prop., a stepping together; com + passus pace, step. See {Pace}, {Pass}.] 1. A passing round; circuit; circuitous course. [1913 Webster] They fetched a compass of seven day s …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • beam compass — noun : a compass that consists of a beam with sliding sockets which carry steel or pencil points and that is used for drawing large circles …   Useful english dictionary

  • beam compass — Drafting. a compass having adjustable legs, set perpendicular to the paper and sliding along a horizontal bar so as to permit the drawing of large circles. [1775 85] * * * …   Universalium

  • beam compass — noun a compass for drawing large circles, consisting of a horizontal rod connected by sliding sockets to two vertical legs …   English new terms dictionary

  • Beam — (b[=e]m), n. [AS. be[ a]m beam, post, tree, ray of light; akin to OFries. b[=a]m tree, OS. b[=o]m, D. boom, OHG. boum, poum, G. baum, Icel. ba[eth]mr, Goth. bagms and Gr. fy^ma a growth, fy^nai to become, to be. Cf. L. radius staff, rod, spoke of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Beam center — Beam Beam (b[=e]m), n. [AS. be[ a]m beam, post, tree, ray of light; akin to OFries. b[=a]m tree, OS. b[=o]m, D. boom, OHG. boum, poum, G. baum, Icel. ba[eth]mr, Goth. bagms and Gr. fy^ma a growth, fy^nai to become, to be. Cf. L. radius staff, rod …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Beam engine — Beam Beam (b[=e]m), n. [AS. be[ a]m beam, post, tree, ray of light; akin to OFries. b[=a]m tree, OS. b[=o]m, D. boom, OHG. boum, poum, G. baum, Icel. ba[eth]mr, Goth. bagms and Gr. fy^ma a growth, fy^nai to become, to be. Cf. L. radius staff, rod …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • beam feather — Beam Beam (b[=e]m), n. [AS. be[ a]m beam, post, tree, ray of light; akin to OFries. b[=a]m tree, OS. b[=o]m, D. boom, OHG. boum, poum, G. baum, Icel. ba[eth]mr, Goth. bagms and Gr. fy^ma a growth, fy^nai to become, to be. Cf. L. radius staff, rod …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Compass — Com pass (k[u^]m pas), n. [F. compas, fr. LL. compassus circle, prop., a stepping together; com + passus pace, step. See {Pace}, {Pass}.] 1. A passing round; circuit; circuitous course. [1913 Webster] They fetched a compass of seven day s journey …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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