Christian Hilt

Christian Gottlieb Hilt (29 January 1888 – 5 August 1958) was a Norwegian newspaper editor and politician for the Labour and Communist parties.

He was born in Bergen, and started studies in 1906 but left the higher education system after a couple of years. He instead became subeditor in the newspaper Smaalenenes Social-Demokrat, and was acting editor-in-chief from 1910 to 1911. He then worked in Den 1ste Mai, Bratsberg-Demokraten and Social-Demokraten.[1] In 1914 he was hired in Fremtiden, where he was promoted to subeditor in October,[2] and in 1916 he was hired in Ny Tid where he became editor in 1918. Already in 1919 he left Ny Tid to become a manager in the news bureau Arbeidernes Pressekontor.[1] He was also a delegate at the Fourth Comintern Congress in 1922,[3] and participated in the 4th and 7th Enlarged Plenums of the Executive Committee of the Comintern in 1926 and 1927.[4]

In 1923 he broke away from the Labour Party, joining the Communist Party. He was elected party secretary in 1925, and was a politburo member from 1926 to 1929.[4] He had two spells as editor-in-chief for Norges Kommunistblad, from July 1926 to the spring of 1927 and from the autumn 1927 to 1929.[5] The hiatus came because he stayed in the Soviet Union for a period.[6] Around 1926–1927 he also served on the editorial board of Proletaren.[7] He then stayed in the Soviet Union from 1929 to 1936, where he did various work for Comintern, and was a correspondent for newspapers all over Scandinavia. In 1937 he returned to Norway as secretary of a Norway–Soviet friendship association. He also edited a communist periodical Nytt Land fro 1937 to 1940.[4]

During the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany, Hilt was a resistance member. He was described by Heinrich Fehlis in an August 1940 edition of Meldungen aus Norwegen.[8] When the illegal newspaper Friheten started in 1941, Hilt edited it together with Erling Heiestad. The newspaper was stenciled, and published fortnightly. Hilt also edited Radio-Nytt. While Heiestad was arrested in 1941, Hilt made good his escape to Sweden.[9]

After the war he was again secretary of a new Norway–Soviet friendship association.[4] He died in August 1958, and is buried at Østre Aker.[10]


  1. ^ a b Friis, Jakob; Hegna, Trond; Juel, Dagfin, ed (1933). "Hilt, Christian Gottlieb" (in Norwegian). Arbeidernes Leksikon. 3. Oslo: Arbeidermagasinets Forlag. p. 899. 
  2. ^ "Partipressen" (in Norwegian). Demokraten: p. 1. 13 October 1914. 
  3. ^ Maurseth, Per (1987) (in Norwegian). Gjennom kriser til makt 1920-1935. Volume three of Arbeiderbevegelsens historie i Norge. Oslo: Tiden. p. 275. ISBN 82-10-02753-0. 
  4. ^ a b c d Lorenz, Einhart (1983) (in Norwegian). Det er ingen sak å få partiet lite. NKP 1923–1931. Oslo: Pax. p. 291. ISBN 82-530-1255-1. 
  5. ^ Friis, Jakob; Hegna, Trond, ed (1932). "Arbeideren" (in Norwegian). Arbeidernes Leksikon. 1. Oslo: Arbeidermagasinets Forlag. pp. 186–187. 
  6. ^ Lorenz, 1983: pp. 90–91
  7. ^ Lorenz, 1983: p. 171
  8. ^ Excerpt from Meldungen aus Norwegen
  9. ^ Pryser, Tore (1988) (in Norwegian). Klassen og nasjonen 1935-1946. Volume four of Arbeiderbevegelsens historie i Norge. Oslo: Tiden. pp. 383–384. ISBN 82-10-02754-9. 
  10. ^ "Cemeteries in Norway" (in Norwegian). DIS-Norge. Retrieved 2 August 2010. 
Media offices
Preceded by
Bjørn Evje
Chief editor of Smaalenenes Socialdemokrat

Succeeded by
P. Moe-Johansen
Preceded by
Martin Tranmæl
Chief editor of Ny Tid
Succeeded by
Knut Olai Thornæs
Preceded by
Olav Scheflo
Chief editor of Norges Kommunistblad
Succeeded by
Albin Eines
Preceded by
Albin Eines
Chief editor of Norges Kommunistblad
Succeeded by
Arvid G. Hansen

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