Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Chromalveolata
Superphylum: Alveolata
Phylum: Apicomplexa
Class: Conoidasida
Order: Eucoccidiorida
Family: Eimeriidae
Genus: Choleoeimeria
Paperna and Landsberg 1989

Choleoeimeria ahtanumensis
Choleoeimeria allogamae
Choleoeimeria allogehyrae
Choleoeimeria amphisbaenae
Choleoeimeria auratae
Choleoeimeria baltrocki
Choleoeimeria bitis
Choleoeimeria bohemii
Choleoeimeria boulii
Choleoeimeria brookesiae
Choleoeimeria calotesi
Choleoeimeria carinii
Choleoeimeria cascabeli
Choleoeimeria chalcides
Choleoeimeria egerniae
Choleoeimeria fasciatus
Choleoeimeria flaviviridis
Choleoeimeria glawi
Choleoeimeria hemprichii
Choleoeimeria heteronotis
Choleoeimeria hirbayah
Choleoeimeria largeni
Choleoeimeria lygosomis
Choleoeimeria noctisauris
Choleoeimeria pachydactyli
Choleoeimeria pellopleuris
Choleoeimeria persica
Choleoeimeria riyadhae
Choleoeimeria rochalimai
Choleoeimeria scincellae
Choleoeimeria scinci
Choleoeimeria sylvatica
Choleoeimeria sadlieri
Choleoeimeria tilburyi
Choleoeimeria turcicus
Choleoeimeria saqanqouri
Choleoeimeria sylvatica
Choleoeimeria umis
Choleoeimeria urosauris
Choleoeimeria xiangmaii

Choleoeimeria is a genus of protozoan parasites that infect the bilary tracts of reptiles. Morphologically they are similar to the Eimeria to who they are closely related. The genus was described in 1989 by Paperna and Landsberg.

General features

The endogenous development of the parasite occurs in the cells of the bile epithelium.

The infected host cell becomes hypertrophic and emerges above the epithelial surface. This hypertrophy coincides with a drastic depletion of the microvilli. The junction zone along with the underlying cell extends into numerous long and fine membranal out-folds.

Meront: These undergo binary fission.

Microgamont: The differentiating microgamont develops an expanded multilobed body.

Macrogamont: The organelles include type 1 and type 2 wall forming bodies, canaliculi and granular bodies.

Oocyte: The oocyst wall forms from 4 wall-membranes consolidating over the zygote plasmalemma. The oocysts possess four sporocysts each containing two sporozoites.

These species possess bivalved sporocysts and lack a Stieda body.

Host-parasite relations

  • Choleoeimeria allogamae - Agama species
  • Choleoeimeria allogehyrae - Top-end dtella (Gehyra australis)
  • Choleoeimeria amphisbaenae - red worm lizard (Amphisbaena alba)[1]
  • Choleoeimeria baltrocki - gold skink (Eumeces schneiderii)
  • Choleoeimeria boulii - variegated dtella (Gehyra variegata)
  • Choleoeimeria calotesi - blue crested lizard (Calotes mystaceus)
  • Choleoeimeria carinii - teiid lizard (Ameiva ameiva)[2]
  • Choleoeimeria heteronotis - Binoe's prickly gecko (Heteronotia binoei)
  • Choleoeimeria hirbayah - veiled chameleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus)[3]
  • Choleoeimeria lygosomis - Lygosoma buringi
  • Choleoeimeria pachydactyli - Cape thick-toed gecko (Pachydactylus capensis)
  • Choleoeimeria riyadhae - sandfish (Scincus scincus)
  • Choleoeimeria rochalimai - tropical house gecko (Hemidactylus mabouia)[4]
  • Choleoeimeria sadlieri - marble-throated skink (Marmorosphax tricolor)[5]
  • Choleoeimeria sylvatica - blue throated rainbow skink (Carlia rhomboidalis)
  • Choleoeimeria xiangmaii - common house gecko (Hemidactylus frenatus)


  1. ^ Lainson R (2003) Some coccidial parasites of the lizard Amphisbaena alba (Reptilia: Amphisbaenia: Amphisbaenidae) Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro 98(7)927-936
  2. ^ Lainson R, Paperna I (1999) Some coccidia from the gall-bladder and intestine of the teiid lizard Ameiva ameiva ameiva and the gecko Hemidactylus mabouia in north Brazil. Parasite 6(2):151-162
  3. ^ Sloboda M, Modrý D (2006) New species of Choleoeimeria (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) from the veiled chameleon, Chamaeleo calyptratus (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae), with taxonomic revision of eimerian coccidia from chameleons. Folia Parasitol (Praha) 53(2):91-97
  4. ^ Paperna I, Lainson R (2000) Ultrastructural study of meronts and gamonts of Choleoeimeria rochalimai (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) developing in the gall bladder of the gecko Hemidactylus mabouia from Brazil. Folia Parasitol (Praha) 47(2):91-96
  5. ^ Modrý D, Jirků M (2006) Three new species of coccidia (Apicomplexa: Eimeriorina) from the Marble-throated skink, Marmorosphax tricolor Bavay, 1869 (Reptilia: Scincidae), endemic to New Caledonia with a taxonomic revision of Eimeria spp. from scincid hosts. Parasitol. Res. 99(4):419-428

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  • Chameleon — For other uses, see Chameleon (disambiguation). Chameleon Common Chameleon, Chamaeleo chamaeleon Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

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