- Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link Hong Kong Section
Route of Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong XRL Hong Kong Section
Info Locale Hong Kong Transit type Passenger high-speed rail Number of stations 1 Daily ridership 99,000 Operation will start 2016 Technical Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) Standard gauge Electrification 50Hz 25,000V (AC) Top speed 200 km/h (120 mph) System mapLegend Italic font indicates station or line under construction or planning. km Wu-Guang Railway to Wuhan 0 New Guangzhou Pearl River Humen (Guang-Shen Intercity Railway) New Shenzhen (SZ Metro L4, Huan Zhong Line & SZ Metro L6) Futian (She Kou Line, Long Gang Line & Hong Kong-Shenzhen border Shenzhen River 142 West Kowloon (Airport Express, Tung Chung Line & West Rail Line)
This route map:
The Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link Hong Kong Section (XRL HK Section) is a proposed high speed railway connecting Kowloon with the high-speed rail network of China at Shenzhen. As its name suggests, it is part of the rail link between Hong Kong and Guangzhou, the capital city of Guangdong province.
In April 2007, the Executive Council assigned the task of planning and design of the Hong Kong section of the Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link (XRL) to the MTR Corporation Limited (MTRCL). The government projected that the XRL will carry about 100,000 passengers daily in 2020 and 120,000 passengers in 2030, generating an economic benefit of $83 billion over the next 50 years in terms of travelling time saved. Construction cost were estimated at $39.5 billion (US$5 billion), giving an economic internal rate of return of about 9%. The government stated the objectives were to "reinforce Hong Kong's position as the transport hub in southern China and integrate Hong Kong into the country's rapidly growing express rail network", and promoting cultural tourism. It also argued that shortening the travelling time between Hong Kong and Guangzhou to just under 50 minutes — half the current journey time — would save "$83 billion over the next 50 years in terms of travelling time", and the creation of 5,000 jobs during construction, and 10,000 operational jobs.
The XRL HK Section will only serve the West Kowloon Terminus. Trains will run to Guangzhou South Station in the Shibi Township of the Panyu District in southern Guangzhou through three intermediate stations, namely, Futian, Longhua (Shenzhen North) and Humen. The expected travel time between Guangzhou South and West Kowloon stations is estimated to be 48 minutes, with a total distance of 142 kilometers.
It is expected that Shenzhen North Station will be open in 2010, and Futian Station in 2014. Trains departed from Hong Kong may have destinations beyond Guangzhou, through the Wuguang High-Speed Railway and the Shiwu High-Speed Railway, or via Shenzhen North to Hangzhou and Shanghai through the Xiashen Railway, Huhangyong Railway, etc.
Under the current plan the total distance of the Hong Kong section is 26 kilometres, most of which through underground tunnels. The dedicated track will enable a top speed of 200 km/h; the expected travel time from Kowloon, scheduled to open in 2016, to Shenzhen's Futian Station is 12 minutes.
The construction cost in Hong Kong will be covered by the Hong Kong taxpayer (whereas the construction cost in the Mainland section will be covered by the Guangdong Provincial Government and PRC's Ministry of Railways).
Hoping to be able to start construction of the Hong Kong section of the Express Rail Link (XRL) project before the end of 2009, the Executive Council approved the implementation on 20 October, paving the way for funding approval from the Finance Committee of the Legislative Council.
Appropriations for the project secured approval of the Hong Kong Legislative Council on 16 January 2010.
Construction of the Guangshen Section is in progress, and service between Guangzhou South and New Shenzhen stations is expected to commence in mid-2010 (Futian Station will be opened in 2012); construction of the Hong Kong Section is expected to start as late as 2010 and be completed in 2015.
Opposition to the project
On 29 November 2009, a demonstration of more than 1,000 people protesting against the construction of the Express Rail link gained the attention of the local media when a group of 100 people engaged in a sit-in protest in front of the government headquarters in Central. On 18 December 2009, when the funding application was debated in the Finance Committee of the Legislative Council, a demonstration of an estimated 1,000 to 2,000 people was staged around the Legislative Council Building. The debate did not end at the time when the meeting was scheduled to be ended, and the funding application was not yet voted on. A major protest followed in January 2010.
- ^ a b c "Green light for local section of Express Rail Link" (in English). Hong Kong Government. http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/200804/22/P200804220141.htm. Retrieved 22 July 2008.
- ^ Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link
- ^ HONG KONG SECTION OF GUANGZHOU-SHENZHEN-HONG KONG EXPRESS RAIL LINK PROJECT PROFILE
- ^ a b c ExCo approves implementation of high-speed rail link, Hong Kong Government, 20 October 2009
- ^ "廣深港高速鐵路香港段工程項目簡介" (in Chinese). Environmental Protection Department and MTR Corporation. http://www.epd.gov.hk/eia/chi/register/profile/latest/cesb189/cesb_189.pdf. Retrieved 22 July 2008.
- ^ Song, Shengxia (18 January 2010), Hongkongers protest vote on high-speed rail, People's Daily, Global Times, retrieved 28 January 2010
- ^ hkcd.com.hk
- ^ a b Opponents of high-speed rail link claim victory as pan-democrats delay funding, South China Morning Post, 19 December 2009
- ^ Hong Kong Government
- ^ Angry rail-link protesters clash with police, The Standard, 30 November 2009
- Express Rail Link(Hong Kong), MTR official site
- XRL Project, MTR official site
- expressrailtruth.com, Opposition site (Chinese)
High-speed rail in the People's Republic of China MaglevShanghai Maglev Train · Shanghai–Hangzhou Maglev Line Conventional High
Speed RailwaysBeijing–Harbin PDLBeijing–Shenyang Passenger Railway · Harbin–Dalian Passenger Railway · Panjin–Yingkou Passenger RailwayBeijing–Shanghai PDL(Branch line: Hefei–Bengbu Passenger Railway)Links between Beijing–Harbin
PDL and Beijing–Shanghai PDLTianjin–Qinhuangdao Passenger Railway · Qinhuangdao–Shenyang Passenger RailwayBeijing–Hong Kong PDLBeijing–Shijiazhuang Passenger Railway · Shijiazhuang–Wuhan Passenger Railway · Wuhan–Guangzhou Passenger Railway · Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong XRL (HK Section)*Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen PDLHangzhou–Ningbo Passenger Railway · Ningbo–Taizhou–Wenzhou Railway · Wenzhou–Fuzhou Railway · Fuzhou–Xiamen Railway · Xiamen–Shenzhen RailwayQingdao–Taiyuan PDLJiaozhou–Jinan Passenger Railway · Shijiazhuang–Jinan Passenger Railway · Shijiazhuang–Taiyuan Passenger RailwayXuzhou–Lanzhou PDLZhengzhou–Xuzhou Passenger Railway · Zhengzhou–Xi'an Passenger Railway · Xi'an–Baoji Passenger Railway · Baoji–Lanzhou Passenger RailwayShanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu PDLShanghai–Nanjing Intercity High-Speed Railway · Jinghu High-Speed Railway (Shanghai–Nanjing) · Hefei–Nanjing Passenger Railway · Hefei–Wuhan Passenger Railway · Wuhan–Yichang Railway · Yichang–Wanzhou Railway (Yichang-Lichuan) · Chongqing–Lichuan Railway · Suining–Chongqing Railway · Dazhou–Chengdu Railway (Suining-Chengdu)Shanghai–Kunming PDLShanghai–Hangzhou Passenger Railway · Hangzhou–Changsha Passenger Railway · Changsha–Kunming Passenger RailwayOtherGuizhou–Guangzhou Passenger Railway · Lanzhou–Xinjiang Passenger Railway · Hefei–Fuzhou Passenger RailwayIntercity
(200-250km/h)Chengdu-Dujiangyan Intercity Railway · Nanchang-Jiujiang Intercity Railway · Guangzhou–Zhuhai Intercity Mass Rapid Transit · Hainan East Ring Intercity Rail · Changchun-Jilin Intercity Rail · Guangzhou–Zhaoqing Intercity Railway · Nanjing-Anqing Intercity Railway · Dongguan–Huizhou Intercity Railway · Chengdu-Leshan Intercity Railway · Zhengzhou–Kaifeng Intercity RailwayIntercity
(300-350km/h)Beijing–Tianjin Intercity Railway · Shanghai–Nanjing Intercity High-Speed Railway · Jinbin Intercity Railway · Nanjing-Hangzhou Intercity Railway · Harbin-Qiqihar Intercity Railway · Chengdu-Chongqing Intercity Railway · Shenyang-Dandong Intercity RailwayUpgraded linesGuangzhou–Shenzhen Railway · Jiaozhou–Jinan Railway · Beijing–Shanghai Railway · Beijing–Harbin Railway · Beijing–Guangzhou Railway · Longhai Railway · Shanghai–Kunming Railway · Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway · Xiangfan–Chongqing Railway · Xiaoshan–Ningbo RailwayRolling StockNote: italics - under construction or currently not operational * in/related to the special administrative regions
Public transport in the Pearl River DeltaNote: Facilities that are either under construction, under planning or pending for approval are shown in italic. Guangdong, ChinaFoshan FMetro linesLine 1 · Guangzhou BRT linesGuangzhou Metro linesShenzhen Metro linesShenzhen monorail Hong KongHong Kong MTR linesHong Kong LRT lines505 · 507 · 610 · 614 · 614P · 615 · 615P · 705 · 706 · 751 · 751P · 761PTrams and Cable Car MacauMacau LRT lines Inter-city linesPRD Rapid Transit linesGuangzhu MRT · Suiguanshen MRT · Guangshengang XRL (Guangshen section · Hong Kong Section)Other lines Automated people mover systems Major terminalsRail transportAirportsPorts Ferry services Guangshengang XRL: Mainland Section · Hong Kong Section —  (under construction) Hong Kong MTR stations and Light Rail stops East Rail Line Kwun Tong Line Tsuen Wan Line Island Line Tung Chung Line Airport Express Tseung Kwan O Line West Rail Line Ma On Shan Line Disneyland Resort Line Light Rail
(System of 11 routes)Fare zone 1Lung Mun · Light Rail Depot · Butterfly · Melody Garden · Tuen Mun Ferry Pier · Siu Hei · Tuen Mun Swimming Pool · Goodview Garden · Siu Lun · Sam ShingFare zone 2Fare zone 3Fare zone 4Fare zone 5ATin Yuet · Tin Sau · Wetland Park · Tin Heng · Tin Yat · Tin Fu · Chung FuFare zone 5Yuen Long ■ · Tai Tong Road · Hong Lok Road · Fung Nin Road · Shui Pin Wai
Lines under planning / proposed South Island Line (East) East-West Line North-South Line South Island Line (West) GZ-SZ-HK Express Rail Link
(Hong Kong Section) (2020)
See alsoStations that are proposed, under planning or under construction are shown in italics.
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