Hiyya bar Abba

For the Amora sage of the Land of Israel, of the 1st Amora Generation, see Rabbi Hiyya (Hiyya the Great).
For the Amora sage of Babylon, of the 2nd and 3d Amora Generation, and Dean of the Pumbedita Academy, see Huna b. Hiyya.

Hiyya bar Abba or Rabbi Hiyya (ca. 180-230 AD) (Hebrew: רבי חייא בר אבא) was an amoraic sage of priestly descent of the latter Mishnaic period. Active in Tiberias, Hiyya was the primary compiler of the tosefta. He was the uncle of Abba Arika.

In the Jerusalem Talmud he is also called Ḥiyya bar Ba or Ḥiyya bar Wa (Yer. Berakhot iii.6a, iv.7d); and in both Talmuds he is frequently mentioned merely as R. Ḥiyya, the context showing that Hiyya bar Abba is meant. Though a native of Babylon, where, perhaps, for a very short time he came under the influence of Samuel of Nehardea (Weiss, "Dor," iii.94), he migrated to Palestine at a very early age. There he studied under Ḥanina and Joshua ben Levi, and came into very close contact with Simeon bar Laḳish. He is, moreover, known as a disciple of Rabbi Johanan, after whose death he and his friends Ammi and Assi were the recognized authorities on the Halakah in Palestine.

Ḥiyya was distinguished for the care with which he noted the sayings of his masters (Ber. 38b), and in questions of doubt as to the phraseology of a tradition the version of Ḥiyya was preferred (Ber. 32b, 38b). Though he was the author of many aggadot, he denounced every attempt to collect and commit them to writing, and upon seeing such a collection he cursed the hand that wrote it (Yer. Shab. xvi.15c). His interest was centered in Halakhah, in the knowledge of which he probably excelled all his Palestinian contemporaries. Together with Ammi and Assi, he formed a court of justice before which a certain woman named Tamar was tried. The sentence involved Ḥiyya and his associates in difficulty, and might have had disastrous results had not Abbahu promptly come to their assistance (Yer. Meg. iii.74a).

Ḥiyya was very poor, and therefore was compelled to go lecturing from town to town in search of a livelihood; he even temporarily left Palestine (Yer. Ma'as. Sh. v.56b). He was greatly annoyed that the lecturer on aggadah drew a larger audience than he (see Jew. Encyc. i.36, s.v. Abbahu). Through stress of poverty he accepted a commission from Judah II to collect money to defray the expenses of the decaying patriarchate. The esteem in which Ḥiyya was held is manifested in the credentials obtained for him by Eleazar ben Pedath: "Behold, we have sent you a great man, our envoy. Until his return he possesses all the powers that we do." According to another version the introduction ran: "Behold, we have sent you a great man. His greatness consists in this, that he is not ashamed to say 'I know not' " (Yer. Ḥag. i.76d; Yer. Ned. x.42b). At another time Ḥiyya, Ammi, and Assi were appointed by Judah II to visit the various communities in Palestine, with the view of reawakening interest in the study of the Law (Yer. Ḥag. i.76c).

Ḥiyya had several brothers: R. Nathanha-Kohen, also known as R. Kohen (or R. Nathan) b. Abba; Rabbannai, or R. Bannai; and R. Simeon ben Abba. He had several children, among whom were R. Abba, R. Kahanah, and R. Nehemiah.

  Rabbis of the Mishnah : Chronology & Hierarchy v · d · e
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Teacher→Student
 
 
 
 
 
 
Father→Son
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hillel
 
Shammai
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gamaliel the Elder
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Johanan b. Zakai
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
R. Gamaliel
 
Jose the Galilean
 
Eliezer b. Hyrcanus
 
Joshua b. Hananiah
 
Eleazar b. Arach
 
Eleazar b. Azariah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elisha b. Abuyah
 
 
 
Akiva
 
Ishmael b. Elisha
 
Tarfon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nathan
 
Meir
 
Judah b. Ilai
 
Jose b. Halafta
 
Shimon b. Yohai
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Judah the Prince
 
Hiyya
 
Oshiah
 
 

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ḤIYYA BAR ABBA — (TJ: Bar Ba or Va; third and the beginning of the fourth centuries C.E.), amora. Ḥiyya was born in Babylonia, of a priestly family (TJ, Ber. 3:1, 6a) but migrated to Ereẓ Israel (Shab. 105b; BB 107b) where he was able to attend upon such… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hiyya bar Abba — (fl. 3rd 4th cent)    Palestinian amora. He was born in Babylonia and settled in Palestine, where he was the outstanding pupil of Johanan. He was appointed by Judah ha Nasi II as his emissary to the diaspora …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Chija bar Abba II. — R. Chija bar Abba II. (auch: Chijja II. bar Abba; im jerusalemischen Talmud Chija bar Ba oder Chija bar Wa) war ein Amoräer der dritten Generation in Palästina und lebte und wirkte im dritten und vierten nachchristlichen Jahrhundert. Er stammte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • JOSEPH BAR ABBA — JOSEPH BAR ABBA, gaon of pumbedita 814–816. Joseph was a student of Shinai gaon of Pumbedita and successor of Avumai (or Akhumai). In his noted epistle, sherira gaon relates that, as a scholar, his contemporary Mar Rav Kemoi was a more suitable… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BAR KAPPARA — (beginning of third century C.E.), Palestinian scholar in the transition period between the tannaim and the amoraim. When quoted in tannaitic sources, he is called by his full name, R. Eleazar ha Kappar Beribbie. In his role as an amora, both… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abba Arika — Rav (amora) Rabbi Abba bar Aybo ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abba ben Arika — Rav (amora) Rabbi Abba bar Aybo ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abba ben Ayvo — Rav (amora) Rabbi Abba bar Aybo ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hiyya — The name Hiyya may refer to several rabbis mentioned in the Talmud: Rabbi Hiyya, of the transitional period between the Tannaitic and Amoraic periods. Rabbi Hiyya bar Abba, an Amora of the Land of Israel, and uncle of Abba Arika (Rav). Rav Hiyya… …   Wikipedia

  • ḤIYYA — (also called Rabbah, the Great ; end of the second century C.E.), tanna (BM 5a) during the transition period from the tannaim to the amoraim. Ḥiyya was born at Kafri, near Sura in Babylonia (Sanh. 5a). According to one talmudic tradition his… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.