China–Japan–South Korea trilateral summit

China–Japan–South Korea trilateral summit
China–Japan–South Korea trilateral summit (English)
中日韩领导人会议 (Chinese)
日中韓ビジネスサミット (Japanese)
한중일 정상회의 (Korean)
Map of the three counties
Premier Wen Jiabao
Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi
Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda
Foreign Minister Kōichirō Genba
 South Korea
President Lee Myung-bak
Foreign Minister Kim Sung-hwan

Trilateral summits between the People's Republic of China, Japan and South Korea are held annually since the first summit began on December 13, 2008, in Fukuoka, Japan [1]. The talks are focused on maintaining strong international relations[2], the global economy [3][4], and disaster relief [5].

The summits were first proposed by South Korea in 2004, as a meeting outside of the framework of the ASEAN (10+3), with the three major economies of East Asia having a separate community forum. In November 2007 during the ASEAN (10+3) meeting, the leaders of China, Japan and Korea held their eighth meeting, and decided to strengthen political dialogue and consultations between the three countries, eventually deciding on an ad hoc meeting to be held in 2008.

In September 2011, the three countries launched a Trilateral Cooperation Secretariat in Seoul. South Korea's Shin Bong-kil, a former ambassador for international economic cooperation, was appointed the first rotating headship as secretary-general, with Mao Ning from China and Rui Matsukawa from Japan as his deputies. They will each serve a two-year term.



Leader Summits

Summit Host Country Host Leader Host City Date
1st  Japan Taro Aso Fukuoka 13 December 2008
2nd  China Wen Jiabao Beijing 10 October 2009
3rd  South Korea Lee Myung-bak Jeju 29 May 2010
4th  Japan Naoto Kan Fukushima & Tokyo[6] 21-22 May 2011

Foreign Minister Summits

Summit Host Country Host Minister Host City Date
1st  South Korea Song Min-soon Jeju 3 June 2007
2nd  Japan Masahiko Kōmura Tokyo 14 June 2008
3rd  China Yang Jiechi Shanghai 28 September 2009
4th  South Korea Yu Myung-hwan Gyeongju 15 May 2010
5th  Japan Takeaki Matsumoto Kyoto 19 March 2011

2008 Summit

The first separate meeting of the leaders of the three countries was held in Fukuoka, Japan. During the meeting, the "Joint Statement between the three partners" was signed and issued, which identified the direction and principles behind cooperation between China, Japan and South Korea. The conference adopted the "International Financial and Economic Issues Joint Statement", "Disaster Management of the Three Countries Joint Statement" and "Action plan to promote cooperation between China, Japan and South Korea".

Trilateral relations

One of the topics discussed focused in the improvement of future relations between the three countries, from strategic and long-term perspectives. Prior talks between the three countries have been hindered specifically by various territorial and historical disputes.[7] Chinese premier Wen Jiabao stated that "China is willing to make joint efforts with Japan to continue to develop the strategic and mutually beneficial ties in a healthy and stable manner, to benefit the peoples of the two countries and other nations in the region as well." [2] Japanese prime minister Taro Aso also expressed that he believed the best manner in dealing with the economic crisis of 2008 was economic partnership.[8] There is also speculation of a future regional free-trade agreement. Such co-operation would greatly benefit the three nations, which account for two thirds of total trade [9], 40% of total population and three quarters [10] of the GDP of Asia (20% of global GDP [11]), during the ongoing economic crisis.[12]

2009 Summit

The second summit was held in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. During this summit, the three nations discussed to finalize the general direction of future cooperation between the countries, and to build an East Asian community.

2011 Summit

Prior to the 4th summit on May 21, Wen Jiabao and Lee Myung-bak visited areas damaged by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami.[13] It is expected that the topic of Japanese food product restrictions as a result of radiation concerns will be addressed during the summit.[14]

Territory and region data

Skyline of Pudong, Shanghai.
Skyline of Shinjuku, Tokyo.
Skyline of Gangnam, Seoul.


Country Area km² Population Population density
per km²
Capital Largest City 2nd Largest City
 China 9,596,961 1,339,724,852 139.6 0.663 (89th) Beijing Shanghai Beijing
 Japan 377,944 128,056,026 337.1 0.884 (11th) Tokyo Tokyo Yokohama
 South Korea 100,210 48,875,000 491 0.877 (12th) Seoul Seoul Busan


Country GDP nominal
millions of USD (2010)
millions of USD (2010)
GDP nominal per capita
USD (2010)
GDP PPP per capita
USD (2010)
millions of USD (2010)
millions of USD (2010)
 China 5,878,257 10,085,708 4,382 7,519 1,506,000 1,307,000
 Japan 5,458,872 4,309,532 42,820 33,805 765,200 636,800
 South Korea 1,007,084 1,459,246 20,591 29,836 466,300 417,900

See also


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