- China–Japan–South Korea trilateral summit
China–Japan–South Korea trilateral summit (English)
한중일 정상회의 (Korean)
Trilateral summits between the People's Republic of China, Japan and South Korea are held annually since the first summit began on December 13, 2008, in Fukuoka, Japan . The talks are focused on maintaining strong international relations, the global economy , and disaster relief .
The summits were first proposed by South Korea in 2004, as a meeting outside of the framework of the ASEAN (10+3), with the three major economies of East Asia having a separate community forum. In November 2007 during the ASEAN (10+3) meeting, the leaders of China, Japan and Korea held their eighth meeting, and decided to strengthen political dialogue and consultations between the three countries, eventually deciding on an ad hoc meeting to be held in 2008.
In September 2011, the three countries launched a Trilateral Cooperation Secretariat in Seoul. South Korea's Shin Bong-kil, a former ambassador for international economic cooperation, was appointed the first rotating headship as secretary-general, with Mao Ning from China and Rui Matsukawa from Japan as his deputies. They will each serve a two-year term.
Summit Host Country Host Leader Host City Date 1st Japan Taro Aso Fukuoka 13 December 2008 2nd China Wen Jiabao Beijing 10 October 2009 3rd South Korea Lee Myung-bak Jeju 29 May 2010 4th Japan Naoto Kan Fukushima & Tokyo 21-22 May 2011
Foreign Minister Summits
Summit Host Country Host Minister Host City Date 1st South Korea Song Min-soon Jeju 3 June 2007 2nd Japan Masahiko Kōmura Tokyo 14 June 2008 3rd China Yang Jiechi Shanghai 28 September 2009 4th South Korea Yu Myung-hwan Gyeongju 15 May 2010 5th Japan Takeaki Matsumoto Kyoto 19 March 2011
The first separate meeting of the leaders of the three countries was held in Fukuoka, Japan. During the meeting, the "Joint Statement between the three partners" was signed and issued, which identified the direction and principles behind cooperation between China, Japan and South Korea. The conference adopted the "International Financial and Economic Issues Joint Statement", "Disaster Management of the Three Countries Joint Statement" and "Action plan to promote cooperation between China, Japan and South Korea".
One of the topics discussed focused in the improvement of future relations between the three countries, from strategic and long-term perspectives. Prior talks between the three countries have been hindered specifically by various territorial and historical disputes. Chinese premier Wen Jiabao stated that "China is willing to make joint efforts with Japan to continue to develop the strategic and mutually beneficial ties in a healthy and stable manner, to benefit the peoples of the two countries and other nations in the region as well."  Japanese prime minister Taro Aso also expressed that he believed the best manner in dealing with the economic crisis of 2008 was economic partnership. There is also speculation of a future regional free-trade agreement. Such co-operation would greatly benefit the three nations, which account for two thirds of total trade , 40% of total population and three quarters  of the GDP of Asia (20% of global GDP ), during the ongoing economic crisis.
The second summit was held in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. During this summit, the three nations discussed to finalize the general direction of future cooperation between the countries, and to build an East Asian community.
Prior to the 4th summit on May 21, Wen Jiabao and Lee Myung-bak visited areas damaged by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. It is expected that the topic of Japanese food product restrictions as a result of radiation concerns will be addressed during the summit.
Territory and region data
Country Area km² Population Population density
Capital Largest City 2nd Largest City China 9,596,961 1,339,724,852 139.6 0.663 (89th) Beijing Shanghai Beijing Japan 377,944 128,056,026 337.1 0.884 (11th) Tokyo Tokyo Yokohama South Korea 100,210 48,875,000 491 0.877 (12th) Seoul Seoul Busan
Country GDP nominal
millions of USD (2010)
millions of USD (2010)
GDP nominal per capita
GDP PPP per capita
millions of USD (2010)
millions of USD (2010)
China 5,878,257 10,085,708 4,382 7,519 1,506,000 1,307,000 Japan 5,458,872 4,309,532 42,820 33,805 765,200 636,800 South Korea 1,007,084 1,459,246 20,591 29,836 466,300 417,900
- Economy of South Korea
- Economy of Japan
- Economy of PR China
- 2008 in the People's Republic of China
- Sino-Japanese relations
- People's Republic of China–South Korea relations
- Japan–Korea relations
- Financial crisis of 2007–2008
- Japan–Korea disputes
- Diaoyu Islands dispute
- ^ Chinese, Japanese PMs meet for boosting bilateral ties
- ^ a b Chinese, Japanese PMs meet, pledge to boost bilateral ties
- ^ China expects positive result at upcoming meeting with ROK, Japan
- ^ CCTV-9 English News, broadcast 13 December 2008
- ^ China, Japan, S Korea to promote co-op on disaster management
- ^ http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2011-05/22/c_13887824.htm
- ^ Japan, South Korea, China: trilateral ties, tensions - Yahoo! Malaysia
- ^ China, Japan, S Korea agree to enhance systematic co-op
- ^ Regional summit to tackle crisis - Chinadaily
- ^ A new channel opened up for integration of East Asia - Chinadaily
- ^ ASEAN-China Relations
- ^ SBS World News Australia, 14 December 2008
- ^ 21 May 2011, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao visits Japan's quake-hit area, Xinhua News Agency
- ^ 21 May 2011, Japan, China, S. Korea leaders meet near Fukushima plant, Kyodo News
Trilateral summit leaders and foreign ministers
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