Child trafficking in India


Child trafficking in India

Child trafficking refers to human trafficking of minors in India.

Contents

Reasons

There exists many reasons for child trafficking. The more common causes include:

  • Economic deprivation and associated conditions (e.g., poverty)
  • Lack of employment opportunities
  • Low social status (more common for girls)
  • Low levels of education and general awareness
  • Socio-cultural norms and circumstances that disadvantage them. Such as gender and minority discrimination
  • Political uprisings (child soldiers)
  • Traditional religious and cultural practices.
  • Obscure beliefs within misinformed areas, such as 'sex with a virgin will cure sexual transmitted disease'.[1][2]

Prevalence

In 2005, a study was conducted by the National Human Rights Commission of India (NHRC) after they received an alarming number of reports from the press, police, and non-government organisations (NGOs) about the rise of human trafficking within India. They found that India was fast becoming a source, transit point and destination for traffickers of women and children for sexual and non-sexual purposes. The areas of the greatest concern were poverty stricken areas such as Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Orissa and West Bengal.[1]

Figures

In 1998, between 5,000 and 7,000 Nepalese girls, some barely 9–10 years old were trafficked into the red light districts in Indian cities, and 200,000 to over 250,000 Nepalese women and girls were already in Indian brothels.[3]

According to UNICEF, 12.6 million children are engaged in hazardous occupations.[4]

In 2009, it was estimated 1.2 million children are trafficked worldwide for sexual exploitation, including for prostitution or the production of sexually abusive images [1]

Only 10 % of human trafficking in India is international, while almost 90 % is interstate. Nearly 40,000 children are abducted every year of which 11000 remain untraced according to a report by the National Human Rights Commission of India.[5]

Action against trafficking

Although there is an Immoral Traffic Prevention Act in place to aide in the immorality of human trafficking, "it only refers to trafficking for prostitution hence does not provide comprehensive protection for children. Nor does the Act provide clear definition of "'trafficking'"[6] Also, India has failed to uphold the The Palemo Protocol, which provides protection to children against trafficking. It is estimated that 200,000 persons are trafficked in India every year. Only 10 % of human trafficking in India is international, while almost 90 % is interstate. Nearly 40,000 children are abducted every year of which 11000 remain untraced according to a report by the National Human Rights Commission of India.[7]

See also

  • Human trafficking in India
  • Human trafficking in Nepal‎

References

Further reading

External links


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