Kodomo Teate Law

The Kodomo Teate Law (子ども手当法 Kodomo Teate Hō?) is a law introduced in Japan by the Democratic Party of Japan in April 2010. The law grants 13,000 yen per month to parents with children up to the age of fifteen.[1]

Contents

Description

The law furnishes guardians of children under 15 years old, whose birthday is before April 1 that year, with 26,000 yen every month. However, only in first fiscal year (2010) it is 13,000 yen. There is a Jido teate similar system already, but with an income limitation.

Revenue shortages

How the measure would be funded was not specified clearly. As a finance it allocated at first year two trillion and two hundreds fifty-five billion and four hundred million yen, and next year it will become twice. [2][dead link] The DPJ said that rescinded exemptions for dependents and marital deductions would help make up the revenue shortfall. The tax revenue increase is 800 billion yen from the exemption for dependents, 600 billion yen from marital deductions, but it is still far less than the expense of Kodomo teate. [3] By rescind of Kosodate ōen tokubetsu teate (子育て応援特別手当 support child-raising special benefit?) in second government, 100 billion yen was added on budget. [4][dead link]


The measure has been criticised by local governments.[1] It is said that the bankroll of Kodomo teate should be appropriated the slash of additional appropriation, compiled under Liberal Democratic Party rule, but it contains budget of emergency economic, employment measures, and new virus measure. [5][dead link] [6] Heizo Takenaka, former Minister of Public Management, said It cut a little waste, but makes a big waste. [7][dead link] For the indication of revenue shortages, six out of ten people think it needs income limitation,[8] and Ichiro Ozawa, chief secretary, turned in remonstrance to the Government for income limitation. [9] But Naoto Kan, deputy prime minister, denied it, because he said that the cost of understanding of the country income should be higher than the expense of sum total of income limitation. [10] After all the proposal of income limitation was laid down. The Japan fiscal deficit remains a large percentage of GDP. An OECD spokesman said that the Japanese government should oppose the falling birthrate by increasing child day-care provision to enhance the employment rate which is at a record low level. [11][dead link] Naoto Kan, vice minister, Kazuhiro Harada, Minister of Public management, Yoshihisa Hujii, finance minister, and Akira Nagatsuma, minister of Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, agreed that burden local authority or business enterprise budged remaining balance of 508 billion 900 millon yen after deduction of state budged from expenditure 2255 billion 400 million yen, as Jido teate. [12]

Exemptions and deductions

For revenue, the DPJ said it would abolish the dependent deduction and deduction for spouse.[clarification needed] In that case, by Kodomo teate the family has a under 15 years old child and receive an annual remuneration of 5 million yen, will make income go up 230,900 yen. [13][dead link] And the house have an above 15 years old public high school student enjoy the benefit of ‘‘Kōkō mushō-ka hōan’’ (高校無償化法案 the high school student financial aid bill?), but the house have not a under 15 years old child, independent high school student, full-time homemaker and no kids, a student in college or graduate school, adult child incapable of working for nursing of one’s elderly parents suffer a great loss. [14] The DJP Manifesto stated the benefit would help a child until their junior high school graduation, but actual eligibility requirements do not relate to junior high but rather fixed time periods.

Institutionalized children

The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (Japan) said in cases where children lived in homes for infants or orphan asylums, the parents would not be given the benefits. The number of these cases was estimated as 2400-5000. The head of such an institution said ‘‘they should rethink”. Within the DPJ there is the opinion that such cases do not fit with the idea of ‘‘Kodomo teate’’. [15][dead link] [16]

International cases

The Ministry also said that if parents lived in Japan with a child, they were to be given the Kodomo teate, regardless of nationality.

Opinions

Some argue that such benefit is effective in stimulating economic growth, but in polls, many say that they will just save the money. Yoshimasa Hayashi, an LDP legislator, said I think Kodomo teate is socialistic. On January 8, 2010 the Mayor of Ota city said that he was cutting off school lunch fees and child-care fees from people who had not paid city tax.

Application for 554 children

It was reported that a Korean man in his fifties visited Amagasaki city hall and applied for help for 554 children. The bureaucrat refused his proposal, arguing that he was not actually nurturing them. Another city staff member said the man had visited city hall on 22 April, claiming his wife was from Thailand and had adopted 554 children in Thailand.[17]

Sarcasm

On May 25, 2010 in the Committee on Health, Welfare and Labor, Tamayo Marukawa, a Liberal Democratic Party legislator, suggested to then Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama that Kodomo teate from his wealthy mother was really Wealth without work. Hatoyama said I am completely in the dark regarding financial assistance by my mother.[18]

References

  1. ^ "Ins, outs of new child allowance". The Japan Times. 1 April 2010. http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nn20100401f1.html. Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  2. ^ "子ども手当に2兆2554億円=前年度比14.8%増-厚労省概算要求". Jiji Press (Yahoo! JAPAN). 2009-10-15. http://headlines.yahoo.co.jp/hl?a=20091015-00000207-jij-pol. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  3. ^ "扶養控除、財源難で廃止前倒し". Yomiuri Shimbun. 2009-10-15. http://osaka.yomiuri.co.jp/mama/society/ms20091015kk03.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  4. ^ "「子育て応援特別手当」の執行停止を決定 厚労相". Asahi Shimbun. 2009-10-14. http://www.asahi.com/politics/update/1014/TKY200910140413.html. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  5. ^ "概算要求95兆円 補正見直し2.9兆円 予算絞り込み 財源確保焦点". FujiSankei Business i. (Sankei Shimbun Co., Ltd.). 2009-10-17. http://www.business-i.jp/news/kinyu-page/news/200910170025a.nwc. Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  6. ^ 大西孝弘; 飯泉梓 (2009-10-29). "「子ども手当」優先の厚生無策". Nikkei business online. Nikkei Business Publications. http://business.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/topics/20091022/207847/. Retrieved 2009-10-22. 
  7. ^ "鳩山政権予算 重税国家への道". FujiSankei Business i. (Sankei Shimbun Co., Ltd.). 2009-10-29. http://www.business-i.jp/news/bb-page/news/200910290013a.nwc. Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  8. ^ "【産経新聞世論調査】子ども手当「所得制限を」64%". Sankei Shimbun. 2009-11-23. http://sankei.jp.msn.com/politics/policy/091123/plc0911231726005-n1.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-23. [dead link]
  9. ^ "民主党、子ども手当の所得制限導入を要求へ 官房長官「党と調整して結論」Comments". Sankei Shimbun. 2009-12-16. http://sankei.jp.msn.com/politics/situation/091216/stt0912161253006-n1.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-25. [dead link]
  10. ^ "子ども手当、所得制限に否定的=暫定税率代替で環境税も-菅戦略相". Jiji Press. 2009-11-22. http://www.jiji.com/jc/c?g=soc_30&k=2009112200040. Retrieved 2009-11-23. 
  11. ^ 柳原美砂子 (2009-11-19). "子ども手当:再検討を OECD提言「重点、就学前教育に」". Mainichi Shimbun. http://mainichi.jp/select/seiji/news/20091119ddm008010015000c.html. Retrieved 2009-11-23. 
  12. ^ "地方と事業主も負担=子ども手当、10年度は1万3000円-政府". Jiji Press. 2009-12-23. http://www.jiji.com/jc/c?g=pol&k=2009122300301. Retrieved 2009-12-23. 
  13. ^ "扶養控除廃止でも子供が中学生以下なら収入増…大和総研試算". Yomiuri Shimbun. 2009-10-15. http://osaka.yomiuri.co.jp/mama/society/ms20091015kk02.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-04. 
  14. ^ "「子ども手当」増収にも不安…試算、街の反応". Yomiuri Shimbun. 2009-10-19. http://osaka.yomiuri.co.jp/edu_news/20091019kk01.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-04. [dead link]
  15. ^ "子ども手当:生死不明など、親「不詳」は対象外 施設入所の2千人". Mainichi Shimbun (Mainichi Newspapers Co., Ltd.). 2010-02-09. http://mainichi.jp/life/today/news/20100209ddm041010120000c.html. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  16. ^ "福祉施設児童5000人にも子ども手当 - 政治ニュース". Nikkan Sports (Nikkan Sports News Co.,Ltd.). 2010-02-09. http://www.nikkansports.com/general/news/f-gn-tp3-20100208-593911.html. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  17. ^ "Authorities reject man's request for allowance for 554 adopted children". The Japan Times. 25 April 2010. http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nn20100425a2.html. Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  18. ^ asahi.com/Asahi Shimbun (Posted on 25 March 2010 at 22:38). http://www.asahi.com/politics/update/0325/TKY201003250503.html

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Child benefit — (children s allowance) is a social security payment disbursed to the parents or guardians of children. Child benefit is means tested in some countries. Contents 1 Australia 2 Ireland 3 Japan 4 Swed …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.