Goat cheese

Goat cheese

Goat cheese, or chèvre (from the French for goat), is cheese made out of the milk of goats.

Contents

Properties

Although cow's milk and goat's milk have similar overall fat contents, the higher proportion of medium-chain fatty acids such as caproic, caprylic and capric acid in goat's milk contributes to the characteristic tart flavor of goat's milk cheese. (These fatty acids take their name from the Latin for goat, capra.)[1]

When chèvre is served hot, it is known as chèvre chaud.

Goat milk is often consumed by young children, the elderly, those who are ill, or have a low tolerance to cow's milk. Goat milk is more similar to human milk than that of the cow, although there is large variation among breeds in both animals. Although the West has popularized the cow, goat milk and goat cheese are preferred dairy products in much of the rest of the world. Because goat cheese is often made in areas where refrigeration is limited, aged goat cheeses are often heavily treated with salt to prevent decay. As a result, salt has become associated with the flavor of goat cheese, especially in the case of the heavily brined feta.

Goat cheese has been made for thousands of years, and was probably one of the earliest made dairy products. In the most simple form, goat cheese is made by allowing raw milk to naturally curdle, and then draining and pressing the curds. Other techniques use an acid (such as vinegar or lemon juice) or rennet to coagulate the milk. Soft goat cheeses are made in kitchens all over the world, with cooks hanging bundles of cheesecloth filled with curds in the warm kitchen for several days to drain and cure. If the cheese is to be aged, it is often brined so it will form a rind, and then stored in a cool cheese cave for several months to cure.

Goat cheese softens when exposed to heat, although it does not melt in the same way many cow cheeses do. Firmer goat cheeses with rinds are sometimes baked in an oven to form a gooey, warm cheese, which is ideal for spreading on bread with roasted garlic, or alone.

List of goat's milk cheeses by country

France

France produces a great number of goat's milk cheeses, especially in the Loire Valley and Poitou, where goats are said to have been brought by the Moors in the 8th century.[2] Examples of French chèvres include Bucheron, Chabis, Clochette, Couronne Lochoise, Crottin de Chavignol (largest produced goat cheese AOC), Pélardon, Picodon, Pouligny Saint-Pierre, Rocamadour, Sainte-Maure de Touraine, Chabichou du Poitou, Valençay, and Pyramide.

Spain and Portugal

United Kingdom

United States

  • Kunik is a goat and Jersey cow blend, mold-ripened with similar properties to Brie. It is produced in Thurman, NY by Nettle Meadow.

"The Wheel" coach farms triple creme goats milk from NY

Greece

  • Greek feta, mizithra and anthotyros are traditionally made from a mixture of goat's and sheep's milk. In Greece, goat cheese has a very long history; in the Odyssey, Homer refers to a woman stirring wine with goat cheese to reduce the acidity of the wine.

many mixed milked sheep and goat's milk fetas

Norway

  • Brunost, which literally means brown cheese, is made in Norway. It is often sold in the USA under the name Gjetost (goat cheese).

Italy

China

  • Rubing is a fresh goat cheese from Yunnan Province, resembling the Indian paneer.

Australia

  • Buche Noir is a fresh pressed goats curd covered in fine vine ash from the Sydney region.

Venezuela

  • In Venezuela, specifically in the states of Falcón, Lara and the population of San Jose de Turgua in Miranda state, goat cheese is produced using traditional methods, may have several types, the most common is Pasta Firme.[4]

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • goat cheese — goat′ cheese n. coo chèvre …   From formal English to slang

  • goat cheese — noun made from goats milk • Syn: ↑chevre • Hypernyms: ↑cheese * * * a cheese containing goat s milk, either alone or mixed with cow s milk, usually having a stronger flavor than one made of cow s milk alone. * * * goat cheese «goht cheez», any of …   Useful english dictionary

  • goat cheese — noun Any cheese produced by taking goat milk and using the process to make cheese. Syn: chèvre …   Wiktionary

  • goat cheese — a cheese containing goat s milk, either alone or mixed with cow s milk, usually having a stronger flavor than one made of cow s milk alone. * * * …   Universalium

  • goat cheese — noun Date: 1893 any of various cheeses made from goat s milk …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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