C&O 2755

Chesapeake & Ohio 2755
Power type Steam
Reference [1][2]
Builder Lima Locomotive Works
Build date 1947
Total produced 10
Configuration 2-8-4
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter 69 in (1,753 mm)
Length 105.2 ft (32.1 m)
Weight on drivers 293,100 lb (133 t)
Locomotive weight 469,680 lb (213 t)
Tender weight 394,100 lb (179 t)
Locomotive & tender
combined weight
863,780 lb (392 t)
Tender type 21-RG
Fuel type Coal
Water capacity 21,000 US gal (79,494 l)
Tender capacity 30 short tons (27 t)
Boiler pressure 245 psi (2 MPa)
Feedwater heater Worthington Type 5½ SSA
Firegrate area 90 sq ft (8 m2)
Heating surface:
Total
4,714 sq ft (438 m2)
Superheater type Elesco Type E
Cylinders 2
Cylinder size 26 × 34 in (660 × 864 mm)
Valve gear Baker
Tractive effort 69,350 lbf (308 kN)
Factor of
adhesion
4.23
Class K-4
Number in class 90
Number 2755
Retired late 1956
Current owner West Virginia Division of Natural Resources
Disposition Static display
Chesapeake and Ohio 2755 Steam Locomotive
C&O 2755 is located in West Virginia
Nearest city: Henlawson, West Virginia
Coordinates: 37°53′34″N 82°0′34″W / 37.89278°N 82.00944°W / 37.89278; -82.00944Coordinates: 37°53′34″N 82°0′34″W / 37.89278°N 82.00944°W / 37.89278; -82.00944
Area: 0.2 acres (0.081 ha)
Built: 1947
Architect: Lima Locomotive Works
Architectural style: K-4 Class Locomotive
Governing body: State
NRHP Reference#: 06000900[3]
Added to NRHP: September 28, 2006

Chesapeake & Ohio Railway 2755 is a standard gauge steam railway locomotive of the 2-8-4 type, called "Berkshire" by most US railroads, but "Kanawha" by the Chesapeake & Ohio (C&O). It is one of a total of ninety built by Alco (which built seventy) and Lima (which built the remaining twenty, including 2755) between 1943 and 1947.

A Berkshire type was the first of the Lima Super Power locomotives in 1925 and these followed in that tradition, with all the latest equipment -- Schmidt superheater, Elesco feedwater heater, booster on the trailing truck, roller bearings, and so forth. They carried Baker valve gear, which the C&O preferred to the simpler and much more widely used Walschaerts valve gear.

It spent its nine year working life hauling coal on the various mine branches out of Logan, West Virginia, usually to the Ohio River at Russell, Kentucky. Its last known run was from Handley, West Virginia, to Russell on January 18, 1956.

After refurbishing at the Huntington, West Virginia, shops in the fall of 1960, it was delivered to its present location in Chief Logan State Park in March 1961. It was seriously vandalized in the late 1970s or early 1980s, with the glass broken and gauges stolen or destroyed. It has been repaired and fenced for protection. The Island Creek Model Railroad Club acts as curators.

The locomotive was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2006 as Chesapeake and Ohio 2755 Steam Locomotive.[3]

References





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