Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen
Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg Spouse Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg Issue Ernest, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Full name German: Marie Charlotte Amalie Ernestine Wilhelmine Philippine House House of Saxe-Meiningen
House of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Father Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen Mother Landgravine Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal Born 11 September 1751
Frankfurt am Main, Free Imperial City of Frankfurt, Holy Roman Empire
Died 25 April 1827(aged 75)
Genoa, Kingdom of Sardinia
Princess Marie Charlotte Amalie Ernestine Wilhelmine Philippine of Saxe-Meiningen (German: Marie Charlotte Amalie Ernestine Wilhelmine Philippine, Prinzessin von Sachsen-Meiningen) (11 September 1751, Frankfurt am Main, Free Imperial City of Frankfurt, Holy Roman Empire – 25 April 1827, Genoa, Kingdom of Sardinia) was a member of the House of Saxe-Meiningen and a Princess of Saxe-Meiningen by birth and a member of the House of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Duchess consort of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg through her marriage to Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
Charlotte was the eldest child and daughter of Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and his second wife Landgravine Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal. Charlotte was an elder sister of Charles William, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen.
Charlotte married Ernest, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (later Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg), son of Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and his wife Luise Dorothea of Saxe-Meiningen, on 21 March 1769 in Meiningen. Charlotte and Ernest had four children:
- Ernest, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. Gotha, 27 February 1770 – d. Gotha, 3 December 1779).
- Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. Gotha, 23 November 1772 – d. Gotha, 27 May 1822)
- Frederick IV, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. Gotha, 28 November 1774 – d. Gotha, 11 February 1825).
- Prince Ludwig of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. Gotha, 21 October 1777 – d. Gotha, 26 October 1777).
Charlotte's husband Ernest was regarded as an enlightened monarch and a great patron of art and science, who led his country into a cultural flowering. In these efforts, he was assisted in his cultural undertakings by his wife Charlotte.
Like her husband, Charlotte was a patron of astronomy. She counted relief panels for the court astronomer Franz Xaver von Zach and she also participated in observations. Charlotte also participated in the First European Astronomy Congress in 1798 at the Seeberg Observatory and independently corresponded with the leading astronomers of her time.
After her husband's death in 1804, there were difficulties with Charlotte's son Augustus upon his succession. Charlotte left Gotha with Zach and spent some time in Eisenberg. Later she traveled with Zach throughout southern Europe and lived several years in Marseilles and later in Genoa, where she died in 1827.
Titles and styles
- 11 September 1751 – 21 March 1769: Her Serene Highness Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen, Duchess in Saxony
- 21 March 1769 – 10 March 1772: Her Serene Highness The Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Princess of Saxe-Meiningen, Duchess in Saxony
- 10 March 1772 – 20 April 1804: Her Serene Highness The Princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Princess of Saxe-Meiningen, Duchess in Saxony
- 20 April 1804 – 25 April 1827: Her Serene Highness The Dowager Princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Princess of Saxe-Meiningen, Duchess in Saxony
Ancestors of Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen 16. John II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar 8. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha 17. Princess Dorothea Maria of Anhalt 4. Bernhard I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen 18. John Philip, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg 9. Princess Elisabeth Sophie of Saxe-Altenburg 19. Duchess Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 2. Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen 20. Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 10. Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 21. Princess Dorothea of Anhalt-Zerbst 5. Duchess Elisabeth Eleonore of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 22. Frederick, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Norburg 11. Duchess Elizabeth Juliana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Norburg 23. Princess Eleanore of Anhalt-Zerbst 1. Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen 24. William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel 12. Philip, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal 25. Margravine Hedwig Sophie of Brandenburg 6. Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal 26. Carl Otto, Count of Solms-Laubach 13. Countess Catherine of Solms-Laubach 27. Countess Amöna Elisabeth of Bentheim-Steinfurt 3. Landgravine Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal 28. John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach 14. John William III, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach 29. Countess Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein 7. Princess Christine of Saxe-Eisenach 30. Margrave Karl Gustav of Baden-Durlach 15. Margravine Christine Juliane of Baden-Durlach 31. Duchess Anna Sophie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
- Bärbel Raschke: Charlotte Amalie Herzogin von Sachsen-Meiningen (1730–1801). Leben und Wirken im Kontext westeuropäischer und deutscher Aufklärung. In: Francia 2. Bd. 25, 1999, ISSN 0937-7743, S. 69-103.
- Ingeborg Titz-Matuszak und Peter Brosche (Hrsg.): Das Reisetagebuch 1807 der Herzogin Charlotte Amalie von Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg. Thüringisches Staatsarchiv Gotha, Gotha 2003 (=Reihe: Schriften des Thüringischen Staatsarchivs Gotha. Bd.1. ISSN 1612-0582).
Princess Charlotte of Saxe-MeiningenCadet branch of the House of WettinBorn: 11 September 1751 Died: 25 April 1827
- Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen in the German National Library catalogue (German)
- Katalog der Theaterbibliothek Herzogin Charlottes von Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg
German nobility Preceded by
Luise Dorothea of Saxe-Meiningen
Duchess consort of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
10 March 1772 – 20 April 1804
Karoline Amalie of Hesse-Kassel
1st GenerationPrincess Marie Elisabeth • Princess Elisabeth Ernestine, Abbess of Gandersheim Abbey • Princess Eleonore Frederika • Wilhelmine Luise, Duchess of Württemberg-Bernstadt 2nd GenerationLuise Dorothea, Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg • Princess Philippine Antoinette • Princess Philippine Elisabeth • Princess Philippine Luise • Princess Philippine Wilhelmine • Princess Antonie Augusta • Princess Sophie Wilhelmine • Charlotte, Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg • Wilhelmine, Landgravine of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld • Amalie Auguste, Princess Heinrich of Carolath-Beuthen 3rd GenerationAdelaide, Queen of the United Kingdom • Ida, Princess Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach 4th GenerationAugusta, Princess Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg 5th GenerationPrincess Marie Elisabeth 6th GenerationFeodora, Princess Reuss of Köstritz • Feodora Karola, Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach • Adelaide, Princess Adalbert of Prussia • Luise Marie, Baroness Gotz von Wagenheim 7th GenerationRegina, Crown Princess of Austria • Princess Feodora, Mrs. Burkhard Kippenberg • Princess Eleonore Adelaide, Mrs. Peter Eric Rosden • Princess Almut, Mrs. Eberhard von Braunschweig
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