Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen

Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen
Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Spouse Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Issue
Ernest, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Augustus
Frederick IV
Prince Ludwig
Full name
German: Marie Charlotte Amalie Ernestine Wilhelmine Philippine
House House of Saxe-Meiningen
House of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Father Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Mother Landgravine Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal
Born 11 September 1751(1751-09-11)
Frankfurt am Main, Free Imperial City of Frankfurt, Holy Roman Empire
Died 25 April 1827(1827-04-25) (aged 75)
Genoa, Kingdom of Sardinia

Princess Marie Charlotte Amalie Ernestine Wilhelmine Philippine of Saxe-Meiningen (German: Marie Charlotte Amalie Ernestine Wilhelmine Philippine, Prinzessin von Sachsen-Meiningen) (11 September 1751, Frankfurt am Main, Free Imperial City of Frankfurt, Holy Roman Empire – 25 April 1827, Genoa, Kingdom of Sardinia) was a member of the House of Saxe-Meiningen and a Princess of Saxe-Meiningen by birth and a member of the House of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and Duchess consort of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg through her marriage to Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.

Contents

Family

Charlotte was the eldest child and daughter of Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and his second wife Landgravine Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal. Charlotte was an elder sister of Charles William, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen.

Marriage

Charlotte married Ernest, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (later Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg), son of Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and his wife Luise Dorothea of Saxe-Meiningen, on 21 March 1769 in Meiningen. Charlotte and Ernest had four children:

  1. Ernest, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. Gotha, 27 February 1770 – d. Gotha, 3 December 1779).
  2. Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. Gotha, 23 November 1772 – d. Gotha, 27 May 1822)
  3. Frederick IV, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. Gotha, 28 November 1774 – d. Gotha, 11 February 1825).
  4. Prince Ludwig of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. Gotha, 21 October 1777 – d. Gotha, 26 October 1777).

Charlotte's husband Ernest was regarded as an enlightened monarch and a great patron of art and science, who led his country into a cultural flowering. In these efforts, he was assisted in his cultural undertakings by his wife Charlotte.

Like her husband, Charlotte was a patron of astronomy. She counted relief panels for the court astronomer Franz Xaver von Zach and she also participated in observations. Charlotte also participated in the First European Astronomy Congress in 1798 at the Seeberg Observatory and independently corresponded with the leading astronomers of her time.

Later life

After her husband's death in 1804, there were difficulties with Charlotte's son Augustus upon his succession. Charlotte left Gotha with Zach and spent some time in Eisenberg. Later she traveled with Zach throughout southern Europe and lived several years in Marseilles and later in Genoa, where she died in 1827.

Titles and styles

  • 11 September 1751 – 21 March 1769: Her Serene Highness Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen, Duchess in Saxony
  • 21 March 1769 – 10 March 1772: Her Serene Highness The Hereditary Princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Princess of Saxe-Meiningen, Duchess in Saxony
  • 10 March 1772 – 20 April 1804: Her Serene Highness The Princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Princess of Saxe-Meiningen, Duchess in Saxony
  • 20 April 1804 – 25 April 1827: Her Serene Highness The Dowager Princess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Princess of Saxe-Meiningen, Duchess in Saxony

Ancestry

Literature

  • Bärbel Raschke: Charlotte Amalie Herzogin von Sachsen-Meiningen (1730–1801). Leben und Wirken im Kontext westeuropäischer und deutscher Aufklärung. In: Francia 2. Bd. 25, 1999, ISSN 0937-7743, S. 69-103.
  • Ingeborg Titz-Matuszak und Peter Brosche (Hrsg.): Das Reisetagebuch 1807 der Herzogin Charlotte Amalie von Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg. Thüringisches Staatsarchiv Gotha, Gotha 2003 (=Reihe: Schriften des Thüringischen Staatsarchivs Gotha. Bd.1. ISSN 1612-0582).

External links

Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen
Cadet branch of the House of Wettin
Born: 11 September 1751 Died: 25 April 1827
German nobility
Preceded by
Luise Dorothea of Saxe-Meiningen
Duchess consort of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
10 March 1772 – 20 April 1804
Succeeded by
Karoline Amalie of Hesse-Kassel



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen — Crown Princess of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia Spouse Otto von Habsburg Detail Issue …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Feodora of Saxe-Meiningen — ( Feodora Victoria Auguste Marie Marianne ) (19 May 1879 26 August 1945) was born at Potsdam, was the only child of Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe Meiningen and his wife Charlotte of Prussia (the eldest daughter of Frederick III, German Emperor and… …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Altenburg — Princess Charlotte Agnes Princess Sigismund of Prussia Princess Charlotte with her family ca. 1906. In the picture: Duke Ernst II, Princess Elisabeth, Hereditary Prince George Moritz, Duchess Adelaide with Prince Frederick and in the back… …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Charlotte Frederica of Prussia — Charlotte Frederica of Prussia Hereditary Princess of Saxe Meiningen Spouse Duke Georg of Saxe Meiningen Issue …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Charlotte of Prussia — Duchess of Saxe Meiningen Spouse Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe Meiningen Issue …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha — Princess Sibylla Duchess of Västerbotten Princess Sibylla in the 1930s Spouse Prince Gustav Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten Issue …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Charlotte — may refer to:*Princess Charlotte of Brunswick Wolfenbüttel (1694 1715), wife of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia and mother of Tsar Peter II, Emperor of Russia *Charlotte Aglaé of Orléans (1700 1761), wife of Francesco III, Duke of Modena… …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (1800–1831) — For her grandmother, the Duchess consort of Mecklenburg Schwerin, see Princess Louise of Saxe Gotha Altenburg (1756–1808). Louise of Saxe Gotha Altenburg Duchess consort of Saxe Coburg Saalfeld Painting by William Corden, 1844 known as William …   Wikipedia

  • Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen — Infobox British Royalty|majesty|consort name =Adelaide of Saxe Meiningen title =Queen consort of the United Kingdom and of Hanover caption =Portrait by Sir William Beechey, c.1831 reign =26 June 1830 – 20 June 1837 coronation =8 September 1831… …   Wikipedia

  • Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen — Georg II Duke of Saxe Meiningen Duke of Saxe Meiningen Reign 20 September 1866 – 25 June 1914 ( 1000000000000004700000047 years, & …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.