Carl Rudolf, Duke of Württemberg-Neuenstadt

Carl Rudolf (Neuenstadt am Kocher, May 29, 1667 – Neuenstadt am Kocher, November 17, 1742) was third and last Duke of Württemberg-Neuenstadt, army commander in Danish service and Field Marshal of the Holy Roman Empire.

Contents

Life

Carl Rudolf was the youngest son of Frederick, who had founded the Württemberg-Neuenstadt branch in 1649, and his wife Clara Augusta von Braunschweig. The young Duke studied in Tübingen and Strassburg. His Grand Tour brought him to Geneva, the south of France, the court of Louis XIV, London and northern Germany.

Military career

Already in 1687 he raised a Württemberger Regiment, to support the Republic of Venice in their war against the Ottoman Empire in Greece. Carl Rudolf personally led a company of 150 men and fought during two years in Morea and Negroponte, until he was shot in the chest during the siege of Negroponte. He survived, but the bullet remained in his lungs for the rest of life.

When Carl Rudolf returned to Württemberg in the beginning of 1690, the War of the Grand Alliance had already started. Carl Rudolf entered in Danish service and went to Ireland to support the Protestant William of Orange against the deposed Catholic King James II of England. The commander of the Danish troops was Carl Rudolf's elder brother Ferdinand Wilhelm. Both brothers fought in the victorious Battle of the Boyne.

In 1692 both brothers fought the French in Flanders and participated in the battles of Steenkerke and Neerwinden. When the war ended in 1697, the Danish King sent them to present-day Ukraine, where they supported the Polish-Saxon troops in the Polish–Ottoman War (1683-1699) against the Turks. In 1700 they fought in the Great Northern War against Sweden, but Denmark was forced to retreat from the war in the same year.

One year later the War of Spanish Succession broke out, where France was opposed by a British-Dutch-Habsburg coalition. Denmark supported the coalition and Carl Rudolf was sent at the head of an army of 12,000 men to the Netherlands. For his actions in 1702, he was awarded the highest Danish award, the Order of the Elephant. In 1704 he led the Danish troops in the Battle of Blenheim. In the Battle of Ramillies (1706) and Malplaquet (1709) he distinguished himself and played an important part in both victories.
By the end of the war, he was in command of the entire Danish Army.

In the meanwhile, Denmark had reentered the Great Northern War and Carl Rudolf was ordered to take Stralsund from the Swedish, which he accomplished in 1715 after a long siege.

Ruler in Neuenstadt

In 1716 Carl Rudolf's eldest brother Frederick August died. He had ruled Neuenstadt since 1682. Because Frederick August had left no male successors, and the second brother Ferdinand Wilhelm had died in 1701, the Duchy passed to Carl Rudolf. After 25 years in service, he left the Danish army and returned home.

In 1734 he was recalled once more as Generalfeldmarschall of the Holy Roman Empire to defend the Upper Rhine against the French in the War of Polish Succession.

In 1737, the Duke of the main line of the house of Württemberg, Karl Alexander, died unexpectedly in Stuttgart. His son Karl Eugen, Duke of Württemberg was only 9 years old, and Carl Rudolf was appointed Regent. Karl Alexander had left the Duchy in a disastrous financial state and was hated by the population. To prevent an uprising, Carl Rudolf accused the Jewish Finance-minister Joseph Süß Oppenheimer and had him executed. Shortly after, Carl Rudolf passed on the Regency to Karl Friedrich of Württemberg-Oels, for health reasons.

Carl Rudolf died of Catarrh in November 1742, and was buried in the Nikolauskirche in Neuenstadt am Kocher.

Carl Rudolf never married, but lived together with Marie Therese de La Contry. They had no children.

External links

Sources

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.
Carl Rudolf, Duke of Württemberg-Neuenstadt
House of Württemberg
Born: 29 May 1667 Died: 17 November 1742
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Frederick August
Duke of Württemberg-Neuenstadt
1716-1742
Succeeded by
extinct



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Frederick Augustus, Duke of Württemberg-Neuenstadt — Frederick Augustus of Württemberg Neuenstadt (Neuenstadt am Kocher, 12 March 1654 ndash; 6 August 1716 in Gochsheim) was Duke of Württemberg and second Duke of Württemberg Neuenstadt. Life Frederick Augustus was the first born child of Duke… …   Wikipedia

  • Carl, Duke of Württemberg — Carl of Württemberg Pretender Born 1 August 1936 (1936 08 01) (age 75) Title(s) Duke of Württemberg Throne(s) claimed Württemberg …   Wikipedia

  • Württemberg-Neuenstadt — was the name of two branch lines of the ducal House of Württemberg in the 17th and 18th century. It was named after the town of residence, Neuenstadt. First branch line The first branch line of this name came into existence after a… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Eugene, Duke of Württemberg — Charles Eugene Reign 12 March 1737 24 October 1793 ( 1000000000000005600000056 years, 10000000000000226000000226 days) Predecessor Karl Alexander Succes …   Wikipedia

  • Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg — ca. 1905 Born 23 December 1865 …   Wikipedia

  • Christoph, Duke of Württemberg — Christoph von Württemberg Christoph of Württemberg, Duke of Württemberg (12 May 1515, Bad Urach – 28 December 1568 Stuttgart) ruled as Duke of Württemberg from 1550 until his death in 1568. In November 1515, only months after his birth, his… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Alexander, Duke of Württemberg — For other people named Karl Alexander, see Karl Alexander (disambiguation). Charles Alexander, Duke of Württemberg Charles Alexander of Württemberg Spouse(s) Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis …   Wikipedia

  • Duke Carl Alexander of Württemberg — Carl Alexander Herzog von Württemberg (Father Odo OSB) (12 March 1896, Stuttgart – 27 December 1964, Altshausen) was a member of the House of Württemberg who became a Benedictine monk. ( Herzog von Württemberg is German for Duke of Württemberg.)… …   Wikipedia

  • Duke Friedrich of Württemberg — (Friedrich Philipp Carl Franz Maria Herzog von Württemberg; born 1 June 1961) is the heir to the headship of the House of Württemberg. Born in Friedrichshafen he is the eldest son of Duke Carl of Württemberg and his wife Princess Diane of Orléans …   Wikipedia

  • Duke Eugen of Württemberg (1758–1822) — Duke Eugen of Württemberg Spouse Princess Louise of Stolberg Gedern Issue Duke Eugen Louise, Princess of Hohenlohe Oehringen Duke Georg Ferdinand Duke Heinrich Duke Paul Wilhelm …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.